This page looks at the eligibility criteria and visa application process for applying for a student visa from inside the UK, also known as permission to stay
Before assessing whether you can apply in the UK and how to apply in the UK, read the general eligibility rules for information about Student Visas.
Can I apply for my student visa from inside the UK?
You will need to take the following factors into consideration when thinking about applying for a student visa in the UK:
If you do not currently hold a Tier 4 visa or a student visa:
- are you in a category that allows switching to student visa in the UK?
- academic progression
- the time limits on study
- the gap between the expiry of your visa and the start of your course
- when you can start your course
If you are currently in the UK with a valid Tier 4 or Student Visa:
- academic progression
- have you completed your previous course?
- the time limits for study
- the gap between the expiry of your visa and the start of your course
Who cannot switch to a student visa in the UK
If you have one of the following visa types you cannot apply to switch in the UK:
- short-term student
- parent of a child student
- seasonal worker
- domestic worker in a private household
- a visa granted outside the immigration rules
Everybody else can apply to switch and must meet the other eligibility criteria.
Should you apply to switch your visa when you are not entitled to, your application will be invalid. This could lead you to overstaying which has serious consequences.
Academic progression: do I meet the academic progression rules?
To make a study visa application from inside of the UK, you must meet the academic progression requirement or be exempt from meeting this requirement. This includes students who have previously held a student visa or a Tier 4 visa but now hold a different visa.
If you do not meet the academic progression requirement, you will not be able to make your visa application from inside the UK. Instead you will need to make your application from your home country. For more information about applying outside of the UK, visit the Applying for a student visa from outside the UK page.
To meet the academic progression requirements, you must have successfully completed the course for which your last student visa or Tier 4 visa was granted, unless you are exempt from academic progression. You are exempt if repeating, applying to extend for a work placement, study abroad year, to take a Student Union Sabbatical Officer post or to complete a PhD.
You must be progressing academically. Your new course must normally be above the level of your previous course, for example, if you have completed your Bachelor’s degree course, you must now be applying to study a Master’s course. It is possible to study a second course at the same level, however you cannot study a course at a lower level.
If you are a student who wants to study a course at the same level as a course you have already studied before for example a second Masters, you will need to have a progression statement added to your Confirmation of Acceptance for Studies (CAS). You will need to show how the new programme is related to your previous course (either connected to the previous course, part of the same subject group, or involves deeper specialisation) or that the previous and new course combined support your career aspirations. You should email the University compliance team with your progression statement: [email protected]. Progression statements are not always accepted so take time to work on a good statement that meets the above requirements.
Academic progression: I am a current student at the University of Westminster
If you are applying to re-sit an exam, repeat a course module or you have re-sat exams or repeated course modules in the past and you now need to extend your visa to compete your course, you will be exempt from meeting the academic progression requirement. Your new CAS must confirm that you are exempt from academic progress.
If you have previously changed course, having met the relevant requirements to do so, your re-sit or repeat must be relevant to your new course and not your previous course. You are required to submit a transcript of results to demonstrate that your re-sit or repeat relates to your new course.
You are also exempt from the academic progression requirement if you are extending your visa to undertake a study abroad year or work placement or you have previously completed a study abroad year or work placement and you now need further time to complete your course.
Please note there are additional factors that the University needs to check before they can issue with a new CAS. The University will check your mode of attendance, when your re-sit or repeat module will take place and whether you are within the time limit to study in the UK.
If you are continuing on a course at the University of Westminster, please contact Student Advice for further advice and ask to see the ‘Retaking/repeating part of your degree course – the effect on your student visa’ or the ‘Information for students on a student visa considering taking a work placement’ information sheet.
The rules concerning academic progression are complex, for detailed information about the academic progression, requirement go to the student visa eligibility requirements page or contact Student Advice.
The time limit to study on a student visa
There is a five-year time limit to stay in the UK for degree level study.
If your student visa extension would lead to you having spent more than the five years permitted, the Home Office will refuse your application.
For more information about the time limit for studying in the UK and the exceptions to this rule, please visit the student visa eligibility requirements page.
The gap between the expiry of your current visa and the start of your course
There must be no more than a 28-day gap between the expiry of your current visa and the start of your new course, this is the case whether you are applying to switch to a student visa or if you already hold a student visa and you are applying to start a new course at the University of Westminster. If there is a gap of more than 28 days between the expiry of your visa and the start of your course, you must not make your visa application from inside the UK as your visa application is likely to be refused.
See the Applying for a student visa from outside the UK page. There are some relaxations to this rule as a result of Corona Virus so please ask for advice if there is a gap of more than 28 days. Your course start date will be given on your CAS.
I am applying for an extension of my visa as a continuing student
If you are a current student at the University of Westminster and you need to extend your visa because you need extra time to complete your course but you are not repeating, please contact Student Advice to check whether you can extend your visa in the UK.
You must be in attendance on a course to be sponsored by the University for a student visa.; If you are not required to attend for 60 days or more, you may be required to go home for a period of time before returning to resume your studies. Your registry office will be able to tell you about your course. This rule normally only effects students who are deferring part of their course or are repeating and will have a gap. Students who are only repeating their dissertation/project will normally not be sponsored as they are not attending classes.
If you can extend your visa in the UK, you will need a new Confirmation of Acceptance for Studies (CAS). You must apply for your visa extension before your current visa expires.
I am applying for a visa to study a new course and have recently completed a course at the University of Westminster
If you have recently completed a course at the University and you wish to start a new course at Westminster, please contact Student Advice to see whether you can extend your visa from within the UK.
If Student Advice confirm that you can make your visa application from inside of the UK, you will be able to start your course on your current visa. You must submit your visa application, using a new CAS for your new course, within six weeks of enrolling onto your course, or before your visa expires, whichever is earliest. If there is a gap of more than 28 days between the expiry of your current visa and the start of your new course, you will not be able to make your visa application from inside of the UK. You must meet the academic progression requirement and you must be within the time limit to study in the UK.
I am applying for a visa to study at the University of Westminster and have successfully completed a course at a different institution
If you are applying to start a new course at the University of Westminster, you will need to make your visa application before you can enrol onto your course. You will not be able to enrol on/start your course until you have a visa for the University of Westminster, or you provide evidence that you have applied to extend your student visa in the UK.
If showing us evidence of an application, you must have used a Confirmation of Acceptance for Studies (CAS) for the University of Westminster and applied for an extension whilst you had existing student permission.
Making your student visa application from inside the UK
How to apply
You must complete and submit the online visa application form. You must also attend a biometric appointment unless you are advised by the UK Visas and Immigration Office that you do not need to attend one, in which case you will submit your photo and documents online. You must apply with a Confirmation of Acceptance for Studies (CAS) for your course at the University of Westminster.
A standard study visa application usually takes eight weeks to be processed. If you want a decision more quickly you can make a priority application or super priority application. There are now substantial delays to normal processing times as a result of the Corona Virus.
For a full list of documents you should include with your application, please refer to our Documents required for a study visa page.
|Type of application||Student visa Online application|
You must apply online on the GOV.UK website. You will need to click on the ‘Apply Now’ button to start the online student visa checklist. We recommend that you also print or download and save a copy of the visa application form for your record.
Your next step will be to attend an appointment to submit your biometric information.
|Immigration Health Surcharge||
If you are studying a three-year Undergraduate Degree your Immigration Health Charge will be £1,645. An MSc programme student would have to pay £705; £470 for their 1-year course plus £275 for the additional 4 months of leave granted after the course ends.
|Date of application||
This is the date that you pay the online visa application fee. You must finish the application form and pay for it before your visa expires or before you start your course, whichever is relevant to your situation. Your supporting documents must meet the visa rules before your date of application.
Standard application fee: £475 (you will usually get a decision within eight weeks of submitting your online visa application form).
Priority application fee: £975 (decision within five working days of attending your biometrics appointment)
Super Priority application fee: £1,275 (decision within one working day of attending your biometrics appointment. If your appointment is during the weekend, you will receive a decision two working days after attending your biometric appointment).
For all three service types, it can take up to 10 days, from when you receive a decision on your visa application, for your new Biometric Residence Permit (BRP) to be sent to you.
|The application process||
You must apply for your visa online and attend an appointment at a UK Visa and Citizen Application Services service point to have your biometrics (fingerprint and photograph) taken. You will be directed to the Sopra Steria website to book an appointment at the end of the online application process. You will be given a deadline within which you must attend an appointment. There may be an appointment fee associated with certain service centres.
If you have selected one of the priority services you will not be able to see appointment availability until after you have paid the application fee.
Once you have booked your appointment, you will be able to scan and upload your supporting documents. You are also able to do this at your appointment, although there may be a fee to pay for this. Please note if you do upload your documents before you attend your appointment we also recommend that you take those documents with you to your appointment. Your supporting documents, including your passport, will be returned to you after they have been scanned.
|No appointment needed||
You may not have to attend a UKVCAS service centre if all the following are true:
If you do not need an appointment, you'll be sent an email explaining how to submit a photo and your documents.
If you cannot send the information, you'll be able to book an appointment.
|While your application is pending||
You will have possession of your passport; however, it is important that you do not travel outside of the Common Travel Area (the UK, Republic of Ireland, Channel Islands and the Isle of Man) while your application is pending. Travelling outside of the Common Travel Area, before you receive a decision on your application, will automatically withdraw your application.
When to apply
If you are currently on a student visa or are switching visa category you should apply for your visa extension before your current visa expires.
If you remain in the UK after the expiry date of your visa, without submitting your visa application, you will become an overstayer, which is a criminal offence. There are serious consequences of overstaying your visa and it is unlikely that you will be able to start or continue with your studies at Westminster as an overstayer. You can read about the consequences of overstaying your visa on the UKCISA website.
You should prepare for your visa application in advance of your visa expiry date to ensure that you have the time to gather your supporting evidence, this is especially the case if you require an ATAS certificate or have previously been sponsored by an Official Financial Sponsor.
Please note that a student visa application must not be made more than three months before the start of your course as shown on your CAS.
I have received a decision on my visa application, what are my next steps?
You will most likely receive a decision on your visa application via email. Alternatively, you could be sent a decision in the post. It is important that you read the information on the decision notification carefully. The notification email or letter will confirm whether the Home Office has granted or refused your application. If your application has been granted you should check the information to ensure your visa details are correct, including the start and end dates of your visa. You should also familiarise yourself with the conditions of your new visa. Please note that your new visa will be issued to you as a Biometric Residence Permit.
Receiving your Biometric Residence Permit (BRP)
Your visa will be granted on a Biometric Residence Permit (BRP). A BRP is a plastic card (like a credit card) which contains your photograph, your personal information, your immigration permission and the conditions of your visa. Your BRP will be sent, by courier, to the correspondence address mentioned on your visa application form. t can take up to 10 days, after you receive a decision on your application, for your BRP to be sent to you.
What details do I check on my BRP?
- Your personal details
- The start and end date – your visa should be granted for the duration of your course plus an additional four months if your course duration is for 12 months or more. For courses that are six months or more but less than 12 months, you should be given an extra two months at the end of your course
- The University’s sponsor license number – KQG71BMB4
There is an error on my BRP
For basic errors such as your name, date of birth or nationality, you will have to report these on the GOV.UK website within 10 days of receiving your BRP. Failure to report an error within 10 days could result in you having to apply and pay for a BRP replacement.
If there is an error with the length of your stay or the conditions of your visa, you will need to submit an administrative review application. Please contact Student Advice immediately if there is an error on your BRP.
If you are required to register with the police, you will need to update your Police Registration Certificate within seven days of receiving your new BRP.
Please note you must notify the police if your details change. Failing to register with the police or keeping your Police Registration Certificate up to date is an offence. The Home Office can refuse future immigration applications or remove you from the UK, which could result in a ban from returning to the UK. For detailed information about police registration please have a look at the UK Council for International Student Affairs website.