Dr Christine Wall

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35 Marylebone Road London NW1 5LS

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After studying architecture at the Polytechnic of North London (BSc. Hons.1991; Dip. Arch.1993) I first joined the University of Westminster to work with Linda Clarke on a Joseph Rowntree funded project. This was published in 1996 as Skills and the construction process: A comparative study of vocational training and quality in social housebuilding.  There followed a number of funded projects on women in construction and vocational training for the construction industry after which I left to study for a PhD. On completing my doctorate at the University of Cambridge in 2004 I moved to the Working Lives Research Institute where I was employed for six years. In 2010 I returned to the University of Westminster to help set up the Centre for Research into the Production of the Built Environment (ProBE) with colleague Linda Clarke. For the last twenty years my research has been concerned with the social context for the production of architecture and the wider built environment entailing an examination of the relationships between different actors in the construction industry, and how social processes affect industry outputs, from houses and schools to civil engineering infrastructure. This perspective is founded on years of empirical research, much of it externally funded and resulting in a wide range of internationally recognised publications. 

I recently led the Leverhulme Trust funded project, Constructing Post-War Britain: building workers' stories 1950-1970, with Linda Clarke as Co-applicant.  This involved recording the oral histories of over 50 building workers employed on a number of significant post-war schemes to gain new perspectives on the construction process behind the architecture and infrastructure of the welfare state. This project is now archived at the Bishopsgate Library, London and a portable exhibition of banners and extracts from the oral recordings has been produced.  Recent research is focused on the urban history of an area of Hackney, London, consisting of listed Georgian and Victorian terraced houses, which was home to a large number of squatters in the 1970s. Oral history and visual documentation reveal how these semi-derelict houses were inhabited and restored by women, many of them politically active as radical architects and housing activists. This research has been accepted for publication in History Workshop Journal and Architecture and Culture in 2017.  

I am currently, with Linda Clarke as Co-Applicant, the recipient of a University Strategic Research Grant of £23,750 for a new project entitled, Housing and Labour: a pilot oral history of post-war council house building in England and Scotland. 

External Academic Positions

Member of the Oral History Society and the Editorial Committee for Oral History Journal.

Trustee of the Construction History Society and Co-Editor of Construction History Journal

Member of Reading Committee of Aedificare: International Journal of Construction History

Supervision of doctoral students.

External PhD examiner.

Current and Recent Research

• Housing and Labour: a pilot oral history of post-war council house building in England and Scotland. University of Westminster Research Strategy Fund, (£23,750) 2017. 

• Architecture and Building Labour, an archiving, exhibition and symposium project funded by the University of Westminster Research Strategy Fund, (£23,500), 2016.

• Housing and urban change in London Fields: from gentlemen traders to feminist activists, internal Faculty seed funding towards large project application (£1,000), 2016.

• Constructing post-war Britain: building workers’ stories 1950-70, a Leverhulme Trust project (£147,682) with Co-Applicant Linda Clarke, 2010-2013.

• Does Work still Shape Social Identity and Action, ESRC funded, 3 year project based at Working Lives Research Institute, London Metropolitan University, part of ESRC Identities program, 2005-2008

• Heritage Lottery Fund Grant, to Concrete History Group for making of short documentary film ‘The Ladies Bridge’, £25,000 (2005).

2018

William Arrol and Peter Lind: demolition, construction and workmanship on London’s Waterloo Bridges 1934 -1946 (2018)
Wall, C. 2018. William Arrol and Peter Lind: demolition, construction and workmanship on London’s Waterloo Bridges 1934 -1946. 6th International Congress on Construction History. Brussels 09 to end of 13 Jul 2018
Lost lesbian spaces: memories of an urban community in 1970s London (2018)
Wall, C. 2018. Lost lesbian spaces: memories of an urban community in 1970s London. European Social Science History Conference. Queen's University, Belfast 04 to end of 07 Apr 2018

2017

Building Brussels: Building Brutalism (2017)
Wall, C. 2017. Building Brussels: Building Brutalism. Building Brussels. Brussels 09 Jun 2017
Standardization on Site: skill and the construction process in mid-twentieth century Britain (2017)
Wall, C. 2017. Standardization on Site: skill and the construction process in mid-twentieth century Britain. Standard Architecture Symposium . Deutsches Architekturmuseum, Frankfurt am Main, Germany 19 to end of 22 Oct 2017

2014

Recording the ‘building world’: how oral history transforms construction history (2014)
Wall, C. 2014. Recording the ‘building world’: how oral history transforms construction history. The First Construction History Society Conference & Annual General Meeting. Queens’ College, University of Cambridge 12 Apr 2014 Construction History Society.

2013

Constructing London’s satellite towns: building workers in Stevenage new town 1950–70 (2013)
Wall, C. 2013. Constructing London’s satellite towns: building workers in Stevenage new town 1950–70. Mobilising London's Housing Histories: The Provision of Homes since 1850. Centre for Metropolitan History: Institute of Historical Research 27th-28th June

2012

Nostalgia as a postscript: building workers’ memories of large construction sites in 1960s Britain (2012)
Wall, C. and McGuire, C. 2012. Nostalgia as a postscript: building workers’ memories of large construction sites in 1960s Britain. European Social Science History Conference. Glasgow 11-14 April

2009

Something to show for it: the place of mementoes in women’s oral histories of work (2009)
Wall, C. 2009. Something to show for it: the place of mementoes in women’s oral histories of work. International Labour Process Conference. Edinburgh April 2009 Sage.

2008

Researching teachers' working lives: findings from the ESRC project 'Does work still shape social identity and action?' (2008)
Wall, C. 2008. Researching teachers' working lives: findings from the ESRC project 'Does work still shape social identity and action?'. History of Education Lunchtime Seminar Series. Institute of Education, University of London 11th June 2008
Work memorabilia and affect in oral histories of work (2008)
Wall, C. 2008. Work memorabilia and affect in oral histories of work. Rethinking Labour: Labour, Affect and Material Culture. University College Dublin 18th, 19th and 20th April 2008
Integrating the visual: work identities in teaching, banking and railways (2008)
Wall, C. 2008. Integrating the visual: work identities in teaching, banking and railways. Does Work Still Shape Social Identities and Action: Project Seminar. The Women's Library, London Metropolitan University Wednesday 16 July 2008

2007

Memories of work: exploring identities through visual and oral approaches (2007)
Wall, C. and Kirk, J. 2007. Memories of work: exploring identities through visual and oral approaches. Working Lives Research Institute open seminar. London Metropolitan University 7th November 2007
The use of photographs in eliciting work-life histories: a tool for international comparisons? (2007)
Wall, C. 2007. The use of photographs in eliciting work-life histories: a tool for international comparisons? Journees Internationales De Sociologie Du Travail (JIST) - the biennial French Sociology of Work Conference. London Metropolitan University 20th - 22nd June 2007

2005

Using visual sources: a methodical appraisal (2005)
Wall, C. 2005. Using visual sources: a methodical appraisal. ESRC Identities and Social Action Programme Research Fellows Workshop. The Open University, Milton Keynes 25th October 2005

2004

Never argue with the architect: hierachy, skill and status on mid twentieth century building sites (2004)
Wall, C. 2004. Never argue with the architect: hierachy, skill and status on mid twentieth century building sites. Institute of Contemporary British History Conference: History of Work in the 20th Century. University of London, Senate House 14th -16th July 2004

1998

Desegregating construction (1998)
Wall, C., Clarke, L. and Michielsens, E. 1998. Desegregating construction. Work, Employment and Society Conference. University of Cambridge 14th -16th September 1998

2018

No More Softly, Softly: Women in the Construction Workforce (2018)
Clarke L., Michielsens, E., Snijders, S. and Wall, C. 2018. No More Softly, Softly: Women in the Construction Workforce . in: Emuze, F. and Smallwood, J. (ed.) Valuing People in Construction Routledge. pp. 130-149
Constructing Brutalism: in situ knowledge and skill on London's South Bank (2018)
Wall, C. 2018. Constructing Brutalism: in situ knowledge and skill on London's South Bank. in: Heine, E.-C. and Rauhut, C. (ed.) Producing non-simultaneity: construction sites as places of progressiveness and continuity Farnham, Surrey Ashgate. pp. 95-109

2017

Women and Low Energy Construction in Europe: a new opportunity? (2017)
Clarke, L., Gleeson, C.P. and Wall, C. 2017. Women and Low Energy Construction in Europe: a new opportunity? in: Griffin Cohen, M. (ed.) Climate Change and Gender in Rich Countries: Work, Public Policy and Action Earthscan. pp. 55-69
New notions of value in Modern Architecture (2017)
Wall, C. 2017. New notions of value in Modern Architecture. in: Modern Futures London Unicorn Books.

2015

Modular men: architects, labour and standardisation in mid 20th century Britain (2015)
Wall, C. 2015. Modular men: architects, labour and standardisation in mid 20th century Britain. in: Lloyd Thomas, K., Amhoff, T. and Beech, N. (ed.) Industries of architecture London Routledge.

2012

Something to show for it: the place of mementoes in women’s oral histories of work (2012)
Wall, C. 2012. Something to show for it: the place of mementoes in women’s oral histories of work. in: Goodwin, J. (ed.) Sage biographical research. Volume four: other documents of life: photographs, cyber documents and ephemera London Sage.
Concrete constructors: oral history accounts of building work on a large, complex site in 1960s Britain (2012)
Wall, C. 2012. Concrete constructors: oral history accounts of building work on a large, complex site in 1960s Britain. in: Carvais, R., Guillerme, A., Nègre, V. and Sakarovitch, J. (ed.) Nuts and bolts of construction history: culture, technology and society Picard.
The development of building labour in Britain in the twentieth century: is it distinct from elsewhere in Europe? (2012)
Clarke, L., McGuire, C. and Wall, C. 2012. The development of building labour in Britain in the twentieth century: is it distinct from elsewhere in Europe? in: Dainty, A. and Loosemore, M. (ed.) Human resource management in construction: critical perspectives (2nd edition) Taylor & Francis. pp. 51-79

2011

Representing identity and work in transition: the case of South Yorkshire coal mining communities in Britain (2011)
Wall, C., Kirk, J. and Jefferys, S. 2011. Representing identity and work in transition: the case of South Yorkshire coal mining communities in Britain. in: Kirk, J., Contrepois, S. and Jefferys, S. (ed.) Changing work and community identities in European regions: perspectives on the past and present Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 184-216

2010

Skilled versus qualified labour: the exclusion of women from the construction industry (2010)
Clarke, L. and Wall, C. 2010. Skilled versus qualified labour: the exclusion of women from the construction industry. in: Davis, M. (ed.) Class and gender in British labour history: Renewing the debate (or starting it?) Merlin Press.

2009

Biography, education and civic action: teaching generations and social change (2009)
Martin, J., Kirk, J., Wall, C. and Jefferys, S. 2009. Biography, education and civic action: teaching generations and social change. in: Wetherell, M. (ed.) Theorizing identities and social action Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 38-55

2006

Omitted from history: women in the building trades (2006)
Clarke, L. and Wall, C. 2006. Omitted from history: women in the building trades. in: Dunkeld, M., Campbell, J., Louw, H., Tutton, M., Addis, B., Powell, C. and Thorne, R. (ed.) Proceedings of the Second International Congress on Construction History Cambridge, UK Construction History Society. pp. 35-59
Women in manual trades (2006)
Clarke, L., Michielsens, E. and Wall, C. 2006. Women in manual trades. in: Gale, A.W. and Davidson, M.J. (ed.) Managing diversity and equality in construction: initiatives and practice London, UK Taylor & Francis. pp. 151-168

2004

Any woman can: twenty years of campaigning for access to training and employment (2004)
Wall, C. 2004. Any woman can: twenty years of campaigning for access to training and employment. in: Clarke, L., Pedersen, E.F., Michielsens, E., Susman, B. and Wall, C. (ed.) Women in construction Bruxelles, Belgium CLR/Reed Business Information.
Now you're in, now you're out: women's changing participation in the building trades in Britain (2004)
Clarke, L. and Wall, C. 2004. Now you're in, now you're out: women's changing participation in the building trades in Britain. in: Clarke, L., Pedersen, E.F., Michielsens, E., Susman, B. and Wall, C. (ed.) Women in construction Bruxelles, Belgium CLR/Reed Business Information. pp. 24-47
Introduction (2004)
Clarke, L., Pedersen, E.F., Michielsens, E., Susman, B. and Wall, C. 2004. Introduction. in: Clarke, L., Pedersen, E.F., Michielsens, E., Susman, B. and Wall, C. (ed.) Women in construction Bruxelles, Belgium CLR/Reed Business Information. pp. 8-22

2018

“We don’t have leaders! We’re doing it ourselves!”: squatting, feminism and built environment activism in 1970s London (2018)
Wall, C. 2018. “We don’t have leaders! We’re doing it ourselves!”: squatting, feminism and built environment activism in 1970s London. Architecture and Culture.
Nuclear prospects: Sizewell A nuclear power station and the spatial and social disruption of a rural community, 1961-66 (2018)
Wall, C. 2018. Nuclear prospects: Sizewell A nuclear power station and the spatial and social disruption of a rural community, 1961-66. Contemporary British History.

2017

Sisterhood and Squatting in the 1970s: Feminism, Housing and Urban Change in Hackney (2017)
Wall, C. 2017. Sisterhood and Squatting in the 1970s: Feminism, Housing and Urban Change in Hackney. History Workshop Journal. 83 (1), pp. 79-97.

2016

‘Through Trade Unionism you felt a belonging – you belonged’: Collectivism and the Self-Representation of Building Workers in Stevenage New Town (2016)
McGuire, C., Clarke L. and Wall, C. 2016. ‘Through Trade Unionism you felt a belonging – you belonged’: Collectivism and the Self-Representation of Building Workers in Stevenage New Town. Labour History Review. 81 (3), pp. 211-236.

2014

Women and Low Energy Construction in Europe (2014)
Clarke, L. and Wall, C. 2014. Women and Low Energy Construction in Europe. Women and Environments. 94/95, pp. 26-27.

2013

Battles on the Barbican: the struggle for trade unionism in the British building industry, 1965-7 (2013)
McGuire, C., Clarke, L. and Wall, C. 2013. Battles on the Barbican: the struggle for trade unionism in the British building industry, 1965-7. History Workshop Journal. 75 (1), pp. 33-57.

2010

Something to show for it: the place of mementoes in women’s oral histories of work (2010)
Wall, C. 2010. Something to show for it: the place of mementoes in women’s oral histories of work. Management and Organizational History. 5 (3), pp. 378-394.
Resilience and loss in work identities: a narrative analysis of some retired teachers' work-life histories (2010)
Kirk, J. and Wall, C. 2010. Resilience and loss in work identities: a narrative analysis of some retired teachers' work-life histories. British Educational Research Journal. 36 (4), pp. 627-641.

2009

'A woman's place is where she wants to work': barriers to the entry and retention of women into the skilled building trades (2009)
Clarke, L. and Wall, C. 2009. 'A woman's place is where she wants to work': barriers to the entry and retention of women into the skilled building trades. Scottish Labour History. 44, pp. 16-39.

2008

Picturing an occupational identity: images of teachers in careers and trade union publications 1940-2000 (2008)
Wall, C. 2008. Picturing an occupational identity: images of teachers in careers and trade union publications 1940-2000. History of Education. 37 (2), pp. 317-340.

2002

Women constructors in the twentieth century (2002)
Wall, C. 2002. Women constructors in the twentieth century. Construction History Newsletter. 64, pp. 15-17.

2000

Craft versus industry: the division of labour in European housing construction (2000)
Clarke, L. and Wall, C. 2000. Craft versus industry: the division of labour in European housing construction. Construction Management and Economics. 18 (6), pp. 689-698.

1999

Balancing acts in construction: a study of two women painters in Denmark and Britain (1999)
Clarke, L., Pedersen, E.F. and Wall, C. 1999. Balancing acts in construction: a study of two women painters in Denmark and Britain. NORA - Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research. 7 (2), pp. 138-150.

1998

UK construction skills in the context of European developments (1998)
Clarke, L. and Wall, C. 1998. UK construction skills in the context of European developments. Construction Management and Economics. 16 (5), pp. 553-567.

2017

Constructing Post-War Britain: building workers stories (2017)
Wall, C. and Clarke, L. 2017. Constructing Post-War Britain: building workers stories.

2016

Further Studies in the History of Construction: the Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference of the Construction History Society (2016)
Campbell, J.W.P., Bill, N., Driver, M., Heaton, M., Pan, Y., Tutton, M., Wall, C. and Yeomans, D. (ed.) 2016. Further Studies in the History of Construction: the Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference of the Construction History Society. Cambridge Construction History Society.

2015

No more softly, softly: review of women in the construction workforce (2015)
Clarke, L., Michielsens, E., Snijders, S. and Wall, C. 2015. No more softly, softly: review of women in the construction workforce. ProBE publication.

2013

An architecture of parts: architects, building workers and industrialisation in Britain 1940-1970 (2013)
Wall, C. 2013. An architecture of parts: architects, building workers and industrialisation in Britain 1940-1970. Abingdon Routledge.

2012

The art of concrete: building the South Bank arts centre (2012)
Wall, C., Clarke, L., McGuire, C. and Munoz-Rojas, O. 2012. The art of concrete: building the South Bank arts centre. University of Westminster.
Building the M1 motorway (2012)
Wall, C., Clarke, L., McGuire, C. and Munoz-Rojas, O. 2012. Building the M1 motorway. University of Westminster.
Building the Barbican 1962-1982 (2012)
Wall, C., Clarke, L., McGuire, C. and Munoz-Rojas, O. 2012. Building the Barbican 1962-1982. University of Westminster.
It was a new world: building Sizewell a nuclear power station (2012)
Wall, C. 2012. It was a new world: building Sizewell a nuclear power station. University of Westminster.

2011

Building a community: construction workers in Stevenage, 1950-1970 (2011)
Wall, C., McGuire, C., Clarke, L. and Brockmann, M. 2011. Building a community: construction workers in Stevenage, 1950-1970. University of Westminster.
Work and identity: historical and cultural contexts (2011)
Kirk, J. and Wall, C. 2011. Work and identity: historical and cultural contexts. Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan.

2004

Women in construction (2004)
Clarke, L., Pedersen, E.F., Michielsens, E., Susman, B. and Wall, C. (ed.) 2004. Women in construction. Bruxelles, Belgium CLR/Reed Business Information.

1998

Blueprint for change: construction skills training in Britain (1998)
Wall, C. and Clarke, L. Padayachee, V. (ed.) 1998. Blueprint for change: construction skills training in Britain. Policy Press.

1997

A fair day's work: women in direct labour organisations (1997)
Wall, C., Clarke, L. and Michielsens, E. 1997. A fair day's work: women in direct labour organisations. London Women and Manual Trades.

1996

Staying power: women in direct labour building teams (1996)
Wall, C. and Clarke, L. 1996. Staying power: women in direct labour building teams. London Women and Manual Trades.
Skills and the construction process: a comparative study of vocational training and quality in social housebuilding (1996)
Wall, C. and Clarke, L. 1996. Skills and the construction process: a comparative study of vocational training and quality in social housebuilding. Policy Press.

2015

'Raising the bar’ for the representation of women in the construction workforce (2015)
Wall, C., Clarke, L., Michielsens, E. and Snijders, S. 2015. 'Raising the bar’ for the representation of women in the construction workforce. London University of Westminster with University of Loughborough.

2014

Are women ‘not up to’ working in construction – at all times and everywhere? (2014)
Wall, C. and Clarke, L. 2014. Are women ‘not up to’ working in construction – at all times and everywhere? London The Smith Institute.

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