Professor Graham Smith

Professor of Politics

+44 20 7911 5000 ext 68932
309 Regent Street London W1B 2HW
By appointment

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Politics and International Relations | Department

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I joined the University of Westminster in November 2012 as Professor of Politics in the Centre for the Study of Democracy (CSD), Department of Politics and International Relations. Previously I was Professor of Politics and Head of Department at the University of Southampton where I worked from 1999. From 1997 to 1999 I was a Research Fellow at the University of Strathclyde.

My first degree is in Chemistry, my Masters in Environmental Science, my PhD in green political theory. It's a long story!

For five months from Feb 2010 I was a Fernand Braudel Senior Fellow at the European University Institute in Florence; and in the Fall Semester 2013, Senior Visiting Scholar on the Democracy Program at the Ash Center for Democratic Governance and Innovation, Harvard Kennedy School.

My main research interests are in democratic theory and practice, environmental politics and the politics of the third sector/social economy.

Watch a video of my Inaugural Lecture on Democratic Innovations on YouTube.

I am the module leader for the undergraduate first year module Democracy in Crisis? and the second year module Democratic Innovations. These are optional modules for all students studying Politics, International Relations and Development. They both involve alternative assessment methods, including contributing to the global research platform Participedia.

PhD supervision

I am an experienced PhD supervisor and am interested in supervising students in areas of democratic theory and practice and environmental politics.

My current doctoral research students

Hans Asenbaum, ‘Power, Identity and Anonymity in Digital Democratic Innovations'

Emmeline Cooper, 'Pension Funds, Sustainable Investing and the Promise of Innovative Corporate Governance'

Martin King, ‘Deliberation and Decision Making Online: Evaluating Platform Design’

Tom Rushby, 'Towards a Feasible Household Carbon Allowance Policy' (University of Southampton).

My current research focuses on three main areas. First, on democratic innovations - institutions designed to increase and deepen citizen participation in the political decision-making process. This work builds on the theoretical approach initially developed in my book Democratic Innovations: Designing Institutions for Citizen Participation.

I am Chair of the Research Committee of Participedia, a global network and knowledge platform for democratic innovations, including research groups at the Universities of British Columbia and Harvard. The network is currently funded by SSHRC (Canada), with earlier research on practitioner engagement funded by the ESRC Imagine Connected Communities consortium.

I am co-investigator on the ESRC funded Democracy Matters project that has organised pilot constitutional assemblies – I was Academic Director of Assembly South. I am also an international co-investigator for the Cherry-picking: The Results of Participatory Processes project funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness.

Secondly, I am combining my interests on democratic theory and institutional design with environmental politics on a book project tentatively titled Designing Democracy for the Long Term. This will investigate the drivers of democratic myopia and potential institutional remedies. This research feeds into and is informed by my work as Chair of the Foundation for Democracy and Sustainable Development.

A final area of research focuses on the relationship between modes of environmental governance and the shaping of pro-environmental social practices. I have led two significant RCUK funded projects that have investigated the role of third sector/community organisations in promoting low-carbon practices. The Role of Community-based Initiatives in Energy Saving was an interdisciplinary project engaged in experimental and comparative research that ran from 2010-2014. I also co-directed the environmental stream of research in the Third Sector Research Centre.

2016

Democracy Matters: Lessons from the 2015 Citizens' Assemblies on English Devolution (2016)
Flinders, M., Ghose, K., Jennings, W., Molloy, E., Prosser, B., Renwick, A., Smith, G. and Spada, P.
Democracy Matters: Lessons from the 2015 Citizens' Assemblies on English Devolution Democracy Matters

2009

Empowering communities to influence local decision making: systematic review of the evidence (2009)
Pratchett, L., Durose, C., Lowndes, V., Smith, G., Stoker, G. and Wales, C.
Empowering communities to influence local decision making: systematic review of the evidence London Department for Communities and Local Government

2005

Beyond the ballot: 57 democratic innovations from around the world (2005)
Smith, G.
Beyond the ballot: 57 democratic innovations from around the world The Power Inquiry

2016

Tracing the impact of proposals from participatory processes: methodological challenges and substantive lessons (2016)
Font, J., Pasadas del Amo, S. and Smith, G.
Tracing the impact of proposals from participatory processes: methodological challenges and substantive lessons Journal of Public Deliberation 12 (1) Article 3 1937-2841

2015

Identifying and explaining framing strategies of low carbon lifestyle movement organisations (2015)
Buchs, M., Wallbridge, R., Saunders, C., Smith, G. and Bardsley, N.
Identifying and explaining framing strategies of low carbon lifestyle movement organisations Global Environmental Change 35 (Nov) 2015 0959-3780
The Potential of Participedia as a Crowdsourcing Tool for Comparative Analysis of Democratic Innovations (2015)
Smith, G., Gastil John and Richards Jr, R.C.
The Potential of Participedia as a Crowdsourcing Tool for Comparative Analysis of Democratic Innovations Policy and Internet 7 (2) 243–262 1944-2866
Survey Article: Deliberation, Democracy, and the Systemic Turn (2015)
Owen, D. and Smith, G.
Survey Article: Deliberation, Democracy, and the Systemic Turn Journal of Political Philosophy 23 (2) 213–234 0963-8016
‘It helped me sort of face the end of the world’: the role of emotions for third sector climate change engagement initiatives (2015)
Buchs, M., Hinton, E. and Smith, G.
‘It helped me sort of face the end of the world’: the role of emotions for third sector climate change engagement initiatives Environmental Values 24 (5) 621-640 0963-2719

2014

Ends, means, beginnings: environmental technocracy, ecological deliberation or embodied disagreement (2014)
Machin, A. and Smith, G.
Ends, means, beginnings: environmental technocracy, ecological deliberation or embodied disagreement Ethical Perspectives 21 (1) 47 -72 1370-0049
Beyond the activist ghetto: a deductive blockmodelling approach to understanding the relationship between contact with environmental organisations and public attitudes and behaviour (2014)
Saunders, C., Buchs, M., Papafragkou, A., Wallbridge, R. and Smith, G.
Beyond the activist ghetto: a deductive blockmodelling approach to understanding the relationship between contact with environmental organisations and public attitudes and behaviour Social Movement Studies: Journal of Social, Cultural and Political Protest 13 (1) 158-177 1474-2837

2013

Taking political engagement online: an experimental analysis of asynchronous discussion forums (2013)
Smith, G., John, P. and Sturgis, P.
Taking political engagement online: an experimental analysis of asynchronous discussion forums Political Studies 61 (4) 709-730 0032-3217
Mapping the environmental third sector in England: a distinctive field of activity? (2013)
Clifford, D., Geyne-Rajme, F., Smith, G., Edwards, R., Buchs, M. and Saunders, C.
Mapping the environmental third sector in England: a distinctive field of activity? Voluntary Sector Review 4 (2) 241-264 2040-8056
Environmental management systems and the third sector: exploring weak adoption in the UK (2013)
Edwards, R., Smith, G. and Buchs, M.
Environmental management systems and the third sector: exploring weak adoption in the UK Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 31 (1) 119-133 0263-774X

2012

Towards a comparative analysis of democratic innovations: lessons from a small-n fsQCA of participatory budgeting (2012)
Ryan, M. and Smith, G.
Towards a comparative analysis of democratic innovations: lessons from a small-n fsQCA of participatory budgeting Revista Internacional de Sociología (RiS) 70 (Extra2) 89-120 0034-9712
Associative democracy and the social economy: exploring the regulatory challenge (2012)
Smith, G. and Teasdale, S.
Associative democracy and the social economy: exploring the regulatory challenge Economy and Society 41 (2) 151-176 0308-5147
Legislating for a big society? The case of the public services (social enterprise and social value) bill in England (2012)
Teasdale, S., Alcock, P. and Smith, G.
Legislating for a big society? The case of the public services (social enterprise and social value) bill in England Public Money and Management 32 (3) 201-208 0954-0962
Machiavellian democratic innovations: McCormick’s people’s tribunate (2012)
Smith, G. and Owen, D.
Machiavellian democratic innovations: McCormick’s people’s tribunate The Good Society 20 (2) 203-215 1089-0017
Navigating the perfect storm: research stategies for socialecological systems in a rapidly evolving world (2012)
Dearing, J.A., Bullock, S., Contanza, R., Dawson, T.P., Edwards, M.E., Poppy, G.M. and Smith, G.
Navigating the perfect storm: research stategies for socialecological systems in a rapidly evolving world Environmental Management 49 (4) 767-775 0364-152X
Organizing deliberation: the perspectives of professional participation practitioners in Britain and Germany (2012)
Cooper, E. and Smith, G.
Organizing deliberation: the perspectives of professional participation practitioners in Britain and Germany Journal of Public Deliberation 8 (1) Article 3 1937-2841

2011

Survey article: Democratic innovations: bringing theory and practice into dialogue (2011)
Smith, G.
Survey article: Democratic innovations: bringing theory and practice into dialogue Philosophy Compass 6 (12) 895-901 1747-9991
Ekonomia społeczna, przedsiębiorstwospołeczne i teoria d emokracji stowarzyszeniowej (2011)
Smith, G. and Teasdale, S.
Ekonomia społeczna, przedsiębiorstwospołeczne i teoria d emokracji stowarzyszeniowej Ekonomia Spoteczna 2 (3) 121-137

2009

Revitalising politics through democratic innovation? (2009)
Smith, G.
Revitalising politics through democratic innovation? Representation 45 (3) 259-264 0034-4893
Deliberativna demokracija i javnosti u malom (deliberative democracy and mini-publics) (2009)
Smith, G.
Deliberativna demokracija i javnosti u malom (deliberative democracy and mini-publics) Croatian Political Science Review 3/4 27-58 0032-3241
Nudge nudge, think think: two strategies for changing civic behaviour (2009)
John, P., Smith, G. and Stoker, G.
Nudge nudge, think think: two strategies for changing civic behaviour Political Quarterly 80 (3) 361-370 0032-3179

2008

Teaching citizenship in higher education (2008)
Smith, G., Ottewill, R., Jubb, E., Sperling, E. and Wyman, M.
Teaching citizenship in higher education European Political Science 7 135-143 1680-4333

2005

The theory and practice of group representation: reflections on the governance of race equality in Birmingham (2005)
Smith, G. and Stephenson, S.
The theory and practice of group representation: reflections on the governance of race equality in Birmingham Public Administration 83 (2) 323-343 0033-3298
Green citizenship and the social economy (2005)
Smith, G.
Green citizenship and the social economy Environmental Politics 14 (2) 273-289 0964-4016

2004

Building social capital in city politics: scope and limitations at the inter-organisational level (2004)
Smith, G., Maloney, W. and Stoker, G.
Building social capital in city politics: scope and limitations at the inter-organisational level Political Studies 52 (3) 508-530 0032-3217

2001

Taking deliberation seriously: institutional design and green politics (2001)
Smith, G.
Taking deliberation seriously: institutional design and green politics Environmental Politics 10 (3) 72-93 0964-4016

2000

Social capital and urban governance: adding a more contextualized ‘top-down’ perspective (2000)
Maloney, W., Smith, G. and Stoker, G.
Social capital and urban governance: adding a more contextualized ‘top-down’ perspective Political Studies 48 (4) 802-820 0032-3217
Citizens' juries and deliberative democracy (2000)
Smith, G. and Wales, C.
Citizens' juries and deliberative democracy Political Studies 48 (1) 51-65 0032-3217

1999

The theory and practice of citizens’ juries (1999)
Smith, G. and Wales, C.
The theory and practice of citizens’ juries Policy and Politics 27 (3) 295-308 0305-5736

2014

Defining Mini-Publics (2014)
Ryan, M. and Smith, G.
Defining Mini-Publics in: Kimmo Grönlund André Bächtiger Maija Setälä (ed.) Deliberative Mini-Publics: Involving Citizens in the Democratic Process Colchester ECPR Press pp. 9-26

2013

Designing democratic innovations at the European level: lessons from the experiments (2013)
Smith, G.
Designing democratic innovations at the European level: lessons from the experiments in: Kies, R. and Nanz, P. (ed.) Is Europe listening to us? Successes and failures of EU citizen consultations Ashgate pp. 201-216

2012

The European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI): a new institution for empowering Europe’s citizens? (2012)
Smith, G.
The European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI): a new institution for empowering Europe’s citizens? in: Dougan, M., Shuibhne, N.N. and Spaventa, E. (ed.) Empowerment and disempowerment of the European citizen Oxford Hart
Deliberative democracy and mini-publics (2012)
Smith, G.
Deliberative democracy and mini-publics in: Geissel, B. and Newton, K. (ed.) Evaluating democratic innovations: curing the democratic malaise? London Routledge pp. 90-111

2011

Putting democracy into welfare provision (2011)
Smith, G.
Putting democracy into welfare provision in: Westall, A. (ed.) Revisiting associative democracy London Lawrence & Wishart

2005

Democratic deliberation and environmental policy: opportunities and barriers in Britain (2005)
Smith, G.
Democratic deliberation and environmental policy: opportunities and barriers in Britain in: Paehlke, R. and Torgerson, D. (ed.) Managing leviathan: environmental politics and the administrative state Ontario Broadview

2004

Voluntary organisations and the generation of social capital (2004)
Stoker, G., Smith, G., Maloney, W. and Young, S.
Voluntary organisations and the generation of social capital in: Boddy, M. and Parkinson, M. (ed.) City matters: competitiveness, cohesion and urban governance Bristol Policy Press pp. 389-406
Liberal democracy and the shaping of environmentally enlightened citizens (2004)
Smith, G.
Liberal democracy and the shaping of environmentally enlightened citizens in: Levy, Y. and Wissenburg, M. (ed.) Liberal democracy and environmentalism: the end of environmentalism? London Routledge pp. 139-152
How can the weaknesses of deliberative decision making be overcome? (2004)
Smith, G.
How can the weaknesses of deliberative decision making be overcome? in: Blowers, A. (ed.) Deliberative democracy and decision making for radioactive waste: a report for the HM Government-sponsored Commission on Radioactive Waste Management (CoRWM) Commission on Radioactive Waste Management (CoRWM)

2001

Social capital and the city (2001)
Maloney, W., Smith, G. and Stoker, G.
Social capital and the city in: Edwards, B., Foley, M.W. and Diani, M. (ed.) Beyond Tocqueville: civil society and the social capital debate in comparative perspective University of New England Press pp. 83-98

2000

Toward deliberative institutions (2000)
Smith, G.
Toward deliberative institutions in: Saward, M. (ed.) Democratic innovation: deliberation, representation and association London Routledge pp. 29-39

2012

Politics and the environment: from theory to practice. 3rd edition (2012)
Connelly, J., Smith, G., Benson, D. and Saunders, C.
Politics and the environment: from theory to practice. 3rd edition London Routledge

2011

Nudge nudge, think think: experimenting with ways to change civic behaviour (2011)
John, P., Cotterill, S., Richardson, L., Moseley, A., Smith, G., Stoker, G. and Wales, C.
Nudge nudge, think think: experimenting with ways to change civic behaviour London Bloomsbury Academic

2010

Prospects for citizenship (2010)
Stoker, G., Armstrong, C., Banya, M., Mason, A., McGee, D., McGrew, T., Owen, D., Saunders, C. and Smith, G.
Prospects for citizenship London Bloomsbury Academic

2009

Democratic innovations: designing institutions for citizen participation (2009)
Smith, G.
Democratic innovations: designing institutions for citizen participation Cambridge Cambridge University Press

2003

Deliberative democracy and the environment (2003)
Smith, G.
Deliberative democracy and the environment London Routledge

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