Professor Naomi Sakr

Professor of Media Policy

+44 20 7911 5000 ext 68379
Harrow Campus Northwick Park HA1 3TP

I'm part of

Westminster School of Media and Communication | Department
CAMRI | Research

Connect with me

Naomi Sakr is Professor of Media Policy and a former Director of the CAMRI Arab Media Centre. 

She was previously a journalist, editor and country analyst. She worked at the Economist Intelligence Unit (1985-97) as a Middle East specialist and managing editor of political risk and economic forecast reports. She has an MA from the School of Oriental and African Studies (1974) and another from the Institute of Education (1994), University of London. She left the EIU to research Arab media for a PhD (awarded by the University of Westminster in 1999) and as a consultant to international organisations, including Article 19, Amnesty International and the United Nations Development Programme. She joined CAMRI as a Senior Lecturer in 2004, became Reader in Communication in 2006, Director of CAMRI's Arab Media Centre in 2007 and Professor in 2009. She was Bonnier Guest Professor at Stockholm University in 2012. 

Her early published work on Arab television coincided with growing international interest in Al-Jazeera, and her first book, Satellite Realms: Transnational Television, Globalization and the Middle East, which won the British Middle Eastern Studies Book Prize in 2003, appeared at a time of mounting Western concern over the uses of media in Arab states. She is also the author of Arab Television Today, published in 2007, and Transformations in Egyptian Journalism, published 2013. She has edited two collections: Women and Media in the Middle East, Power through Self-Expression (2004) and Arab Media and Political Renewal: Community, Legitimacy and Public Life (2007) and co-edited a third, Arab Media Moguls (2015). Her work on media policy, journalism and cultural production in the Arab world has been published in numerous refereed journals and edited books. 

In addition to her consulting work for the international organisations mentioned above, Naomi has been commissioned to write background papers on aspects of Arab media for UNESCO, the Arab Knowledge Report, the European Parliament, the UK House of Lords, British Council and Anna Lindh Euro-Mediterranean Foundation for Intercultural Dialogue. She has mentored academics in Egypt and Tunisia on behalf of Media Diversity Institute and is frequently invited to speak at overseas events.

Naomi supervises, or has supervised, theses on aspects of media production and consumption in Lebanon and Syria, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Qatar.

Naomi Sakr is a former director of the CAMRI Arab Media Centre. She is Principal Investigator on a three-year (2013-16) AHRC-funded research project entitled Orientations in the Development of Screen Content for Arabic-Speaking Children. 

In 2015 she was contracted as International Expert as part of team chosen by UNESCO and led by International Media Support (IMS) of Denmark to conduct a Media Landscape Analysis and Assessment of Media Development Indicators (MDIs) in Jordan. As such she was sole author of a parallel report on ‘Good Practice in Public Service Media in Europe and Contemporary Practice in Jordan: A Comparative Analysis’, published by UNESCO in September 2015.

Sakr was part of the research team on Mediamigraterra, a four-year (2009-2012) project funded by France's Agence Nationale de la Recherche and led by Professor Tristan Mattelart at Paris VIII. 

She advised on, and introduced, the 'Media Thematic Focus' section of the Anna Lindh Report on Euromed Intercultural Trends 2010. 

She contributed to the Regional Report on Reinforcing the Public Service Mission of National Broadcasters in Eight Countries in the Middle East and North Africa, concluded in 2012 by the Institut Panos Paris and Mediterranean Observatory of Communication. 

The CAMRI Arab Media Centre has received grants from the Arts & Humanities Research Council, Open Society Institute, Higher Education Innovation Fund and British Academy.

2018

Project Report to Stakeholders: Invisible Children - Children's Media, Diversity and Forced Migration (2018)
Steemers, J., Sakr, N. and Singer, C. 2018. Project Report to Stakeholders: Invisible Children - Children's Media, Diversity and Forced Migration. London Kings College London.
Children's Screen Content in an Era of Forced Migration: Facilitating Arab-European Dialogue, Drama, Storytelling, Empathy (2018)
Steemers, J., Sakr, N. and Singer, C. 2018. Children's Screen Content in an Era of Forced Migration: Facilitating Arab-European Dialogue, Drama, Storytelling, Empathy . London Kings College London.
Children's Screen Content in an Era of Forced Migration: Copenhagen Workshop REport (2018)
Sakr, N. and Steemers, J. 2018. Children's Screen Content in an Era of Forced Migration: Copenhagen Workshop REport. London Kings College London.
Children's Screen Content in an Era of Forced Migration: Manchester Workshop Briefing (2018)
Sakr, N. and Steemers, J. 2018. Children's Screen Content in an Era of Forced Migration: Manchester Workshop Briefing. London Kings College London.

2015

Good Practice in EU Public Service Media and Contemporary Practice in Jordan: A Comparative Analysis (2015)
Sakr, N. 2015. Good Practice in EU Public Service Media and Contemporary Practice in Jordan: A Comparative Analysis. Amman UNESCO Amman Office .

2018

‘Smarter, stronger, kinder’: Interests at stake in the remake of Iftah ya Simsim for Gulf children (2018)
Sakr, N. 2018. ‘Smarter, stronger, kinder’: Interests at stake in the remake of Iftah ya Simsim for Gulf children. Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication. 11 (1), pp. 9-28.

2017

Provision, protection or participation? Approaches to regulating children’s television in Arab countries (2017)
Sakr, N. 2017. Provision, protection or participation? Approaches to regulating children’s television in Arab countries. Media International Australia. 163 (1), pp. 31-41.

2016

Children’s access to beneficial information in Arab states: Implementation of Article 17 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Egypt, Morocco and the United Arab Emirates (2016)
Sakr, N. 2016. Children’s access to beneficial information in Arab states: Implementation of Article 17 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Egypt, Morocco and the United Arab Emirates. Global Studies of Childhood. 6 (4), pp. 376-387.
Survival or Sustainability? Contributions of Innovatively-Managed News Ventures to the Future of Egyptian Journalism (2016)
Sakr, N. 2016. Survival or Sustainability? Contributions of Innovatively-Managed News Ventures to the Future of Egyptian Journalism. Journal of Media Business Studies. 13 (1), pp. 45-59.

2013

Social media, television talk shows, and political change in Egypt (2013)
Sakr, N. 2013. Social media, television talk shows, and political change in Egypt. Television & New Media. 14 (4), pp. 322-337.
Where Arab media magnates stand vis-a-vis globalized media flows: insights from Egypt and Saudi Arabia (2013)
Sakr, N. 2013. Where Arab media magnates stand vis-a-vis globalized media flows: insights from Egypt and Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Communication. 7, pp. 2285-2302.

2010

News, transparency and the effectiveness of reporting from inside Arab dictatorships (2010)
Sakr, N. 2010. News, transparency and the effectiveness of reporting from inside Arab dictatorships. International Communication Gazette. 72 (1), pp. 35-50.
Enriching or impoverishing discourse on human rights? Talk about freedom of expression on Arab television (2010)
Sakr, N. 2010. Enriching or impoverishing discourse on human rights? Talk about freedom of expression on Arab television. Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication. 3 (1), pp. 101-119.

2008

Women and media in Saudi Arabia: rhetoric, reductionism and realities (2008)
Sakr, N. 2008. Women and media in Saudi Arabia: rhetoric, reductionism and realities. British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies. 35 (3), pp. 385-404.
Diversity and diaspora: Arab communities and satellite communication in Europe (2008)
Sakr, N. 2008. Diversity and diaspora: Arab communities and satellite communication in Europe. Global Media and Communication. 4 (3), pp. 277-300.
Oil, arms and media: how US interventionalism shapes Arab TV (2008)
Sakr, N. 2008. Oil, arms and media: how US interventionalism shapes Arab TV. Journal für Entwicklungspolitik. 2008/1, pp. 57-81.

2006

Foreign support for media freedom advocacy in the Arab Mediterranean: globalization from above or below? (2006)
Sakr, N. 2006. Foreign support for media freedom advocacy in the Arab Mediterranean: globalization from above or below? Mediterranean Politics. 11 (1), pp. 1-20.

2003

Freedom of expression, accountability and development in the Arab region (2003)
Sakr, N. 2003. Freedom of expression, accountability and development in the Arab region. Journal of Human Development. 4 (1), pp. 29-46.

2017

Managing for sustainable journalism under authoritarianism: innovative business models aimed at good practice (2017)
Sakr, N. 2017. Managing for sustainable journalism under authoritarianism: innovative business models aimed at good practice. in: Berglez, P., Olausson , U. and Ots, M. (ed.) What Is Sustainable Journalism?: Integrating the Environmental, Social, and Economic Challenges of Journalism New York Peter Lang. pp. 295-313
Rebranding Al-Jazeera Children's Channel: The Qatarization Factor (2017)
Sakr, N. and Steemers, J. 2017. Rebranding Al-Jazeera Children's Channel: The Qatarization Factor. in: Children's TV and Digital Media in the Arab World: Childhood, Screen Culture and Education London I.B. Tauris. pp. 99-121
Forces for Change in Offiicial Arab Policies on Media and Children (2017)
Sakr, N. 2017. Forces for Change in Offiicial Arab Policies on Media and Children. in: Children's TV and Digital Media in the Arab World: Childhood, Screen Culture and Education London I.B. Tauris. pp. 45-69

2016

Media ‘Globalization’ as Survival Strategy for Authoritarian Regimes In the Arab Middle East (2016)
Sakr, N. 2016. Media ‘Globalization’ as Survival Strategy for Authoritarian Regimes In the Arab Middle East. in: Flew, T., Iosifides, P. and Steemers, J. (ed.) Global Media and National Policies: The Return of the State Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 173-189

2015

Co-producing content for pan-Arab children's TV: state, business, and the workplace (2015)
Steemers, J. and Sakr, N. 2015. Co-producing content for pan-Arab children's TV: state, business, and the workplace. in: Banks, M., Conor, B. and Mayer, V. (ed.) Production studies, the sequel!: cultural studies of global media industries London Routledge. pp. 238-250
Naguib Sawiris: global capitalist, Egyptian media investor (2015)
Sakr, N. 2015. Naguib Sawiris: global capitalist, Egyptian media investor. in: Ratta, D., Sakr, N. and Skovgaard-Petersen, J. (ed.) Arab media moguls London I.B. Tauris. pp. 147-164

2014

Les migrations arabes vers l'Europe méditerranéenne sous le prisme des télévisions panarabes (2014)
Sakr, N. 2014. Les migrations arabes vers l'Europe méditerranéenne sous le prisme des télévisions panarabes. in: Mattelart, T. (ed.) Médias et migrations dans l'espace euro-méditerranéen (French) France Editions Mare et Martin. pp. 181-204

2013

‘We cannot let it loose’: geopolitics, security and reform in Jordanian broadcasting (2013)
Sakr, N. 2013. ‘We cannot let it loose’: geopolitics, security and reform in Jordanian broadcasting. in: Guaaybess, T. (ed.) National broadcasting and state policy in Arab countries Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 96-116

2012

Public service initiatives in Arab media today (2012)
Sakr, N. 2012. Public service initiatives in Arab media today. in: Lowe, G.F. and Steemers, J. (ed.) Regaining the initiative for public service media Göteborg Nordicom. pp. 183-198
From satellite to screen: how Arab TV is shaped in space (2012)
Sakr, N. 2012. From satellite to screen: how Arab TV is shaped in space. in: Parks, L. and Schwoch, J. (ed.) Down to earth: satellite technologies, industries and cultures New Jersey Rutgers University Press. pp. 143-155

2011

Placing political economy in relation to cultural studies: reflections on the case of cinema in Saudi Arabia (2011)
Sakr, N. 2011. Placing political economy in relation to cultural studies: reflections on the case of cinema in Saudi Arabia. in: Sabry, T. (ed.) Arab cultural studies: mapping the field London I.B. Tauris.

2009

Le public et les 'questions de société' sur les chaînes arabes (2009)
Sakr, N. 2009. Le public et les 'questions de société' sur les chaînes arabes. in: Gonzalez-Quijano, Y. and Guaaybess, T. (ed.) Les Arabes parlent aux Arabes: La revolution de l'information dans le monde arabe Paris Editions Sindbad (Actes Sud). pp. 180-190
Is the Arab TV viewer a king or a pawn? How Arab broadcasters deal with schedules and audience data (2009)
Sakr, N. 2009. Is the Arab TV viewer a king or a pawn? How Arab broadcasters deal with schedules and audience data. in: Heinemann, A., Lamloum, O. and Weber, A.F. (ed.) The Middle East in the media: conflicts, censorship and public opinion London Saqi Books. pp. 131-146
Fragmentation or consolidation? Factors in the Oprah-ization of social talk on multi-channel Arab TV (2009)
Sakr, N. 2009. Fragmentation or consolidation? Factors in the Oprah-ization of social talk on multi-channel Arab TV. in: Turner, G. and Tay, J. (ed.) Television studies after TV: understanding television in the post-broadcast era Abingdon Routledge. pp. 168-177

2008

Gaps in the market: insights from scholarly work on Arab media economics (2008)
Sakr, N. 2008. Gaps in the market: insights from scholarly work on Arab media economics. in: Hafez, K. (ed.) Arab media: power and weakness London Continuum. pp. 195-198
Egyptian TV in the grip of government: politics before profit in a fluid Pan-Arab market (2008)
Sakr, N. 2008. Egyptian TV in the grip of government: politics before profit in a fluid Pan-Arab market. in: Ward, D. (ed.) Television and public policy: change and continuity in an era of global liberalization New York Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. pp. 265-281

2007

Challenger or lackey?: The politics of news on Al-Jazeera (2007)
Sakr, N. 2007. Challenger or lackey?: The politics of news on Al-Jazeera. in: Thussu, D.K. (ed.) Media on the move: global flow and contra-flow London, UK Routledge.
Approaches to exploring media-politics connections in the Arab world (2007)
Sakr, N. 2007. Approaches to exploring media-politics connections in the Arab world. in: Sakr, N. (ed.) Arab media and political renewal: community, legitimacy and public life London I.B. Tauris.

2006

Challenger or lackey? The politics of news on al-Jazeera (2006)
Sakr, N. 2006. Challenger or lackey? The politics of news on al-Jazeera. in: Thussu, D.K. (ed.) Media on the move: global flow and contra-flow London, UK Routledge.

2005

Women, development and Al Jazeera: a balance sheet (2005)
Sakr, N. 2005. Women, development and Al Jazeera: a balance sheet. in: Zayani, M. (ed.) The Al Jazeera phenomenon: critical perspectives on new Arab media London, UK Pluto. pp. 127-149
Media policy in the Middle East: a reappraisal (2005)
Sakr, N. 2005. Media policy in the Middle East: a reappraisal. in: Curran, J. and Gurevitch, M. (ed.) Mass media and society. 4th edition London, UK Hodder Arnold. pp. 234-250

2004

Women and media in the Middle East: an introductory overview (2004)
Sakr, N. 2004. Women and media in the Middle East: an introductory overview. in: Sakr, N. (ed.) Women and media in the Middle East: power through self-expression London, UK I.B. Tauris.

2017

Children's TV and Digital Media in the Arab World (2017)
Sakr, N. and Steemers, J. (ed.) 2017. Children's TV and Digital Media in the Arab World. London I.B. Tauris.

2015

Arab Media Moguls (2015)
Ratta, D., Sakr, N. and Skovgaard-Petersen, J. (ed.) 2015. Arab Media Moguls. London I.B. Tauris.

2013

Transformations in Egyptian Journalism (2013)
Sakr, N. 2013. Transformations in Egyptian Journalism. London I.B. Tauris.
Transformations in Egyptian journalism (2013)
Sakr, N. 2013. Transformations in Egyptian journalism. London I.B. Tauris.

2007

Arab television today (2007)
Sakr, N. 2007. Arab television today. London, UK I.B. Tauris.
Arab media and political renewal: community, legitimacy and public life (2007)
Sakr, N. (ed.) 2007. Arab media and political renewal: community, legitimacy and public life. London I.B. Tauris.

2002

Satellite realms: transnational television, globalization, and the Middle East (2002)
Sakr, N. 2002. Satellite realms: transnational television, globalization, and the Middle East. London, UK I.B. Tauris.

Browse

Browse our directory to find staff profiles containing contact information, biography and list of publications.

Related links

Research strategy
Our University

Discover how the University of Westminster is organised and who makes the University tick.