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About me

Mengqiu (Matthew) is a Senior Lecturer in Transport, Logistics and Urban Planning at the School of Architecture and Cities, University of Westminster. He was awarded his PhD from the Bartlett School of Planning, University College London (UCL). He has worked in both academia and industry, specialising in an interdisciplinary research field, which is primarily a mixture of transport analysis and urban studies. In addition, he has also worked with public authorities and international funding organisations. He has served as the UK Ambassador for the Association of European Transport. He is a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society (RGS), a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society (RSS), a Fellow of the Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (RSA), a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (HEA), a Member of the Chartered Institution of Highways and Transportation (CIHT), a Member of the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport (CILT), a Member of the Transport Planning Society (TPS), a Member of the Town and Country Planning Association (TCPA) and a Member of the Regional Studies Association (RSA).


Mengqiu mainly teaches on the MSc Transport Planning and Management, and MSc Logistics and Supply Chain Management. He coordinates/lectures on the following postgraduate and undergraduate modules:

  • 7TRAN013W Land Use, Planning and Transport
  • 7TRAN027W Traffic and Streets
  • 7TRAN028W Transport Economics
  • 7TRAN021W Research Dissertation (Transport)
  • 7TRAN030W Transport Policy and Politics
  • 7TRAN016W Logistics Management in a Retail Supply Chain Context
  • 7PLAN013W Planning Theory and Practice
  • 7PLAN010W Planning for Urban Risk and Resilience
  • 7PLAN015W Public Realm
  • 4PLAN002W Contemporary Issues in Designing Cities
  • 7TRAN031W Air Transport Planning and Management – Additional Activities Programme

He is an external examiner for MA Logistics and Supply Chain Management, University of Greenwich. He continues to guest lecture at UCL and the University of Greenwich. He is also a personal tutor, PhD supervisor and MSc dissertation supervisor.


Mengqiu’s current research interests include: transport planning; sustainable transport development; social equity and travel vulnerability; statistics and transport modelling; transport and climate change; freight transport and logistics; transport economics; travel behaviour, behavioural economics and well-being; urban mobility; infrastructure planning and delivery; urban planning and sustainable cities.

He is interested in hearing from potential PhD students, particularly but not only in the area of transport planning. Highly quantitative individuals with strong statistical, mathematical, data handling, GIS, and computing skills are preferred. Potential candidates should preferably hold a bachelor’s or master’s degree in transport planning/engineering/simulation/modelling, statistics, mathematics, data science, computer science, physics, economics, quantitative geography or a closely-related discipline.


Research Projects

  • SCUE Research Fund, UK: Exploring the Relationship between the Effects of the Outbreak of COVID-19 and Changes in Travel Behaviour.
  • Developing Researcher Funding Scheme, UK: Sustainable Travel and Well-being in Asian Cities.
  • The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, UK: Centre for Sustainable Road Freight.
  • The National Natural Science Foundation of China: The Impacts of Social Equity and Transport Accessibility on a Just City: Empirical Evidence from London and Shanghai.
  • University of California, Berkeley, London Displacement Project, USA: Displacement, Gentrification, and Transit Investment in London.
  • Newton Fund Institutional Links Project, UK:  Sustainable Cities and Resilient Transport. 
  • Asian Development Bank: Improving Interchanges: Basic Planning and Design Guide for Multimodal Railway Interchange Hubs in the People’s Republic of China.



- Chen, W., Cheng, L., Chen, X., Chen J. and Cao, M. (2021). Measuring accessibility to health care services for older bus passengers: A finer spatial resolution. Journal of Transport Geography, 93, 103068. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2021.103068

- Cheng, L., Shi, K., De Vos, J., Cao, M. and Witlox, F. (2021). Examining the spatially heterogeneous effects of the built environment on walking among older adults. Transport Policy, 100, 21–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2020.10.004

- Gao, X., Cao, M., Zhang, Y., Liu, Y., Tong, H. and Yao, Q. (2021). Towards sustainability: An assessment of an urbanisation bubble in China using a hierarchical - Stochastic multicriteria acceptability analysis - Choquet integral method. Journal of Cleaner Production, 279, 123650. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.123650

- Gao, X., Wang, Z., Cao, M., Liu, Y., Zhang, Y., Wu, M. and Qiu, Y. (2021). Neighbourhood satisfaction in rural resettlement residential communities: The case of Suqian, China. Housing Studies, 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1080/02673037.2020.1853068

- Wang, Z., Liu, H., Zhu, Y., Zhang, Y., Basiri, A., Büttner, B., Gao, X. and Cao, M. (2021). Identifying urban functional areas and their dynamic changes in Beijing: Using multiyear transit smart card data. Journal of Urban Planning and Development, 147(2), 04021002. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000662

- Wu, M., Gao, X., Cao, M. and Papa, E. (2021). Large-scale enterprises, social capital and the post-disaster development of community tourism: The case of Taoping, China. International Journal of Tourism Research, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1002/jtr.2439

- Zhang, Y., Marshall, S., Cao, M., Manley, E. and Chen, H. (2021). Discovering the evolution of urban structure using smart card data: The case of London. Cities, 112, 103157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2021.103157

- Cao, M. and Hickman, R. (2020). Transport, Social Equity and Capabilities in East Beijing. In: Chen, C.-L., Pan, H., Shen, Q. and Wang, J. (eds.), Handbook on Transport and Urban Transformation in China. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

- Cheng, L., Yang, J., Chen, X., Cao, M., Zhou, H. and Sun, Y. (2020). How could the station-based bike sharing system and the free-floating bike sharing system be coordinated?. Journal of Transport Geography, 89, 102896. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2020.102896

- Gao, X., Cao, M., Yang, T. and Basiri, A. (2020). Transport development, intellectual property rights protection and innovation: The case of the Yangtze River Delta Region, China. Research in Transportation Business and Management, 37, 100563. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2020.100563

- Gao, X., Zhai, K., Qiu, Y., Cao, M. and Wu, M. (2020). Innovation institution and spatial transfer of energy industry: The case of Jiangsu province, China. SAGE Open, 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244019900181

- Liu, C., Cao, M., Yang, T., Ma, L., Wu, M., Cheng, L. and Ye, R. (2020). Inequalities in the commuting burden: Institutional constraints and job-housing relationships in Tianjin, China. Research in Transportation Business and Management, 100545. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2020.100545

- Liu, Y., Wang, R., Lu, Y., Li, Z., Chen, H., Cao, M., Zhang, Y. and Song, Y. (2020). Natural outdoor environment, neighbourhood social cohesion and mental health: Using multilevel structural equation modelling, streetscape and remote-sensing metrics. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 48, 126576. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2019.126576

- Low, W-Y., Cao, M., De Vos, J. and Hickman, R. (2020). The journey experience of visually impaired people on public transport in London. Transport Policy, 97, 137–148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2020.07.018

- Lyu, Y., Cao, M., Zhang, Y., Yang, T. and Shi, C. (2020). Investigating users' perspectives on the development of bike-sharing in Shanghai. Research in Transportation Business and Management, 100543. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2020.100543

- Wang, Y., Cao, M., Liu, Y., Ye, R., Gao, X. and Ma, L. (2020). Public transport equity in Shenyang: Using structural equation modelling. Research in Transportation Business and Management, 100555. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rtbm.2020.100555

- Zhang, Y. and Cao, M. (2020). How will transit station closures affect Londoners?. FOCUS, 22(10), 52–53.

- Zhang, Y., Chapple, K., Cao, M., Dennett, A. and Smith, D. (2020). Visualising urban gentrification and displacement in Greater London. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space, 52(5), 819–824. https://doi.org/10.1177/0308518X19880211

- Cao, M. and Hickman, R. (2019). Understanding travel and differential capabilities and functionings in Beijing. Transport Policy, 83, 46–56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2019.08.006

- Cao, M. and Hickman, R. (2019). Urban transport and social inequities in neighbourhoods near underground stations in Greater London. Transportation Planning and Technology, 42(5), 419–441. https://doi.org/10.1080/03081060.2019.1609215

- Cao, M., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Y., Li, S. and Hickman, R. (2019). Using Different Approaches to Evaluate Individual Social Equity in Transport. In: Hickman, R., Mella-Lira, B., Givoni, M. and Geurs, K. (eds.), A Companion to Transport, Space and Equity. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

- Cuthill, N., Cao, M., Liu, Y., Gao, X. and Zhang, Y. (2019). The association between urban public transport infrastructure and social equity and spatial accessibility within the urban environment: An investigation of Tramlink in London. Sustainability, 11(5), 1229. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11051229

- Shammut, M., Cao, M., Zhang, Y., Papaix, C., Liu, Y. and Gao, X. (2019). Banning diesel vehicles in London: Is 2040 too late?. Energies, 12(18), 3495. http://doi.org/10.3390/en12183495

- Song, Z., Cao, M., Han, T. and Hickman, R. (2019). Public transport accessibility and housing value uplift: Evidence from the Docklands Light Railway in London. Case Studies on Transport Policy, 7(3), 607–616. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cstp.2019.07.001

- Spurling, D., Spurling J. and Cao, M. (2019). Transport Economics Matters: Applying Economic Principles to Transportation in Great Britain. Boca Raton: Brown Walker Press.

- Cao, M. and Hickman, R. (2018). Car dependence and housing affordability: An emerging social deprivation issue in London. Urban Studies, 55(10), 2088–2105. https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098017712682

- Hickman, R., Lopez, N., Cao, M., Mella-Lira, B. and Biona, J.B. (2018). “I drive outside of peak time to avoid traffic jams—public transport is not attractive here.” Challenging discourses on travel to the university campus in Manila. Sustainability, 10(5), 1462. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10051462

- Cao, M., Chen, C-L. and Hickman, R. (2017). Transport emissions in Beijing: A scenario planning approach. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers – Transport, 170(2), 65–75. https://doi.org/10.1680/jtran.15.00093

- Hickman, R., Cao, M., Mella-Lira, B., Fillone, A. and Biona, J.B. (2017). Understanding capabilities, functionings and travel in high and low income neighbourhoods in Manila. Social Inclusion, 5(4), 161–174. https://doi.org/10.17645/si.v5i4.1083


For details of all my research outputs, visit my WestminsterResearch profile.