Professor Tom Buchanan

Professor of Psychology and Faculty Research Director

+44 20 7911 5000 ext 69032
115 New Cavendish Street London W1W 6UW
Monday 9-10 during teaching weeks, by arrangement (email for an appointment) at other times

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I joined the University of Westminster in 1999, where I am now a Professor of Psychology.

My teaching is mainly in the areas of individual differences and social psychology and the Internet. I have a long-standing interest in the use of student-centred approaches to learning, especially when supported by Internet technology. 

After early work on media violence and aggression, most of my research since the mid 1990s has revolved around how people behave 'on the Internet', and what the Internet has to offer for psychologists (an area that has become known as 'cyberpsychology'). Much of my work has been methodological in nature, focusing on web-based psychological measurement, validity of online research techniques, and ethics of online data collection. Other projects have generally involved application of these techniques to substantive topics including online self-disclosure, self-presentation, privacy concern, effects of recreational drug use and nutritional supplements. My current focus is generally on how people present themselves in various online spaces, factors affecting how they engage with online technologies, and potential influences of online stimuli on our behaviour.

2017

Self-assessments of memory correlate with neuroticism and conscientiousness, not memory span performance (2017)
Buchanan, T. 2017. Self-assessments of memory correlate with neuroticism and conscientiousness, not memory span performance. Personality and Individual Differences. 105, pp. 19-23.

2016

Self-report measures of executive function problems correlate with personality, not performance-based executive function measures, in non-clinical samples (2016)
Buchanan, T. 2016. Self-report measures of executive function problems correlate with personality, not performance-based executive function measures, in non-clinical samples . Psychological Assessment. 28 (4), pp. 372-385.
The Online dating romance scam: The psychological impact on victims – both financial and non-financial (2016)
Whitty, M.T. and Buchanan, T. 2016. The Online dating romance scam: The psychological impact on victims – both financial and non-financial. Criminology & Criminal Justice. 16 (2), pp. 176-194.

2015

Aggressive priming online: Facebook adverts can prime aggressive cognitions (2015)
Buchanan, T. 2015. Aggressive priming online: Facebook adverts can prime aggressive cognitions. Computers in Human Behavior. 48, pp. 323-330.

2014

The true self online: personality correlates of preference for self-expression online, and observer ratings of personality online and offline (2014)
Marriott, T.C. and Buchanan, T. 2014. The true self online: personality correlates of preference for self-expression online, and observer ratings of personality online and offline. Computers in Human Behavior. 32, pp. 171-177.
The online dating romance scam: causes and consequences of victimhood (2014)
Buchanan, T. and Whitty, M.T. 2014. The online dating romance scam: causes and consequences of victimhood. Psychology, Crime and Law. 20 (3), pp. 261-283.
Internet self-efficacy does not predict student use of Internet-mediated educational technology (2014)
Buchanan, T., Joban, S. and Porter, A. 2014. Internet self-efficacy does not predict student use of Internet-mediated educational technology. Research in Learning Technology. 22, p. 19585.

2013

Factors affecting faculty use of learning technologies: implications for models of technology adoption (2013)
Buchanan, T., Sainter, P. and Saunders, G. 2013. Factors affecting faculty use of learning technologies: implications for models of technology adoption. Journal of Computing in Higher Education. 25 (1), pp. 1-11.

2012

The Online Romance Scam: A Serious Cybercrime (2012)
Whitty, M.T. and Buchanan, T. 2012. The Online Romance Scam: A Serious Cybercrime. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking. 15 (3), pp. 181-183.
The relationship between retrieval-induced forgetting, anxiety, and personality (2012)
Law, R., Groome, D.H., Thorn, L., Potts, R. and Buchanan, T. 2012. The relationship between retrieval-induced forgetting, anxiety, and personality. Anxiety, Stress and Coping. 25 (6), pp. 711-718.
Not all lies are spontaneous: an examination of deception across different modes of communication (2012)
Whitty, M.T., Buchanan, T., Joinson, A.N. and Meredith, A. 2012. Not all lies are spontaneous: an examination of deception across different modes of communication. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 63 (1), pp. 208-216.

2011

Ecstasy use, by itself, does not result in residual neurotoxicity - a powerful argument? (2011)
Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J. and Scholey, A.B. 2011. Ecstasy use, by itself, does not result in residual neurotoxicity - a powerful argument? Addiction. 106 (7), pp. 1269-1270.
Is MDMA present in hair samples consistent with reported Ecstasy use? (2011)
Scholey, A.B., Owen, L., Gates, J.B., Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Ling, J., Heffernan, T.M., Swan, P., Stough, C. and Parrott, A.C. 2011. Is MDMA present in hair samples consistent with reported Ecstasy use? Open Addiction Journal. 4, pp. 50-51.
Prospective memory: the influence of ecstasy, cannabis and nicotine use and the WWW (2011)
Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B., Heffernan, T.M. and Ling, J. 2011. Prospective memory: the influence of ecstasy, cannabis and nicotine use and the WWW. Open Addiction Journal. 4, pp. 44-45.

2010

Hair MDMA samples are consistent with reported Ecstasy use: findings from a study investigating effects of Ecstasy on mood and memory (2010)
Scholey, A.B., Owen, L., Gates, J.B., Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Ling, J., Heffernan, T.M., Swan, P., Stough, C. and Parrott, A.C. 2010. Hair MDMA samples are consistent with reported Ecstasy use: findings from a study investigating effects of Ecstasy on mood and memory. Neuropsychobiology. 63 (1), pp. 15-21.
A short self-report measure of problems with executive function suitable for administration via the Internet (2010)
Buchanan, T., Heffernan, T.M., Parrott, A.C., Ling, J., Rodgers, J. and Scholey, A.B. 2010. A short self-report measure of problems with executive function suitable for administration via the Internet. Behavior Research Methods. 72 (3), pp. 709-714.
A short self-report measure of problems with executive function suitable for administration via the Internet (2010)
Buchanan, T., Heffernan, T.M., Parrott, A.C., Ling, J., Rodgers, J. and Scholey, A.B. 2010. A short self-report measure of problems with executive function suitable for administration via the Internet. Behavior Research Methods. 42 (3), pp. 709-714.
What's in a screen name? Attractiveness of different types of screen names used by online daters (2010)
Whitty, M.T. and Buchanan, T. 2010. What's in a screen name? Attractiveness of different types of screen names used by online daters. International Journal of Internet Science. 5 (1), pp. 5-19.
Privacy, trust, and self-disclosure online (2010)
Joinson, A.N., Reips, U.D., Buchanan, T. and Paine Schofield, C.B. 2010. Privacy, trust, and self-disclosure online. Human-Computer Interaction. 25 (1), pp. 1-24.

2009

Looking for love in so many places: characteristics of online daters and speed daters (2009)
Whitty, M.T. and Buchanan, T. 2009. Looking for love in so many places: characteristics of online daters and speed daters. Interpersona. 3 (Suppl. 2), pp. 63-86.
Are individuals with a family history of mood disorders more vulnerable to MDMA depression following ecstasy use? (2009)
Rodgers, J., Skene, D., Buchanan, T., Heffernan, T.M., Soar, K. and Parrott, A.C. 2009. Are individuals with a family history of mood disorders more vulnerable to MDMA depression following ecstasy use? Neuropsychobiology. 60 (3-4), p. 222.
Cognitive and mood effects of 8 weeks' supplementation with 400 mg or 1000 mg of the omega-3 essential fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in healthy children aged 10-12 years (2009)
Kennedy, D.O., Jackson, P.A., Elliott, J.M., Scholey, A.B., Robertson, B.C., Greer, J., Tiplady, B., Buchanan, T. and Haskell, C.F. 2009. Cognitive and mood effects of 8 weeks' supplementation with 400 mg or 1000 mg of the omega-3 essential fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in healthy children aged 10-12 years. Nutritional Neuroscience. 12 (2), pp. 48-56.

2008

Five-factor personality correlates of perceptions of women's body sizes (2008)
Swami, V., Buchanan, T., Furnham, A. and Tovee, M.J. 2008. Five-factor personality correlates of perceptions of women's body sizes. Personality and individual differences. 45 (7), pp. 697-699.
Cognitive and mood effects in healthy children during 12 weeks' supplementation with multi-vitamin/minerals (2008)
Haskell, C.F., Scholey, A.B., Jackson, P.A., Elliott, J.M., Defeyter, M.A., Greer, J., Robertson, B.C., Buchanan, T., Tiplady, B. and Kennedy, D.O. 2008. Cognitive and mood effects in healthy children during 12 weeks' supplementation with multi-vitamin/minerals. British Journal of Nutrition. 100 (5), pp. 1086-1096.
Measuring self-disclosure online: blurring and non-response to sensitive items in web-based surveys (2008)
Joinson, A.N., Paine Schofield, C.B., Buchanan, T. and Reips, U.D. 2008. Measuring self-disclosure online: blurring and non-response to sensitive items in web-based surveys. Computers in Human Behavior. 24 (5), pp. 2158-2171.

2007

Looking for medical information on the Internet: self-disclosure, privacy and trust (2007)
Buchanan, T., Joinson, A.N., Paine Schofield, C.B. and Reips, U.D. 2007. Looking for medical information on the Internet: self-disclosure, privacy and trust. [email protected] Information on the Internet. 58 (1), pp. 83-9.
Internet users' perceptions of 'privacy concerns' and 'privacy actions' (2007)
Paine Schofield, C.B., Reips, U.D., Stieger, S., Joinson, A.N. and Buchanan, T. 2007. Internet users' perceptions of 'privacy concerns' and 'privacy actions'. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies. 65 (6), pp. 526-536.
Development of measures of online privacy concern and protection for use on the Internet (2007)
Buchanan, T., Paine Schofield, C.B., Joinson, A.N. and Reips, U.D. 2007. Development of measures of online privacy concern and protection for use on the Internet. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 58 (2), pp. 157-165.

2006

Watching me, watching you: privacy attitudes and reactions to identity card implementation scenarios in the United Kingdom (2006)
Joinson, A.N., Paine Schofield, C.B., Buchanan, T. and Reips, U.D. 2006. Watching me, watching you: privacy attitudes and reactions to identity card implementation scenarios in the United Kingdom. Journal of Information Science. 32 (4), pp. 334-343.
Dancing hot on Ecstasy: physical activity and thermal comfort ratings are associated with the memory and other psychobiological problems reported by recreational MDMA users (2006)
Parrott, A.C., Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Ling, J., Heffernan, T.M. and Scholey, A.B. 2006. Dancing hot on Ecstasy: physical activity and thermal comfort ratings are associated with the memory and other psychobiological problems reported by recreational MDMA users. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental. 21 (5), pp. 285-298.
Differential experiences of the psychobiological sequelae of ecstasy use: quantitative and qualitative data from an internet study (2006)
Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Pearson, C., Parrott, A.C., Ling, J., Heffernan, T.M. and Scholey, A.B. 2006. Differential experiences of the psychobiological sequelae of ecstasy use: quantitative and qualitative data from an internet study. Journal of Psychopharmacology. 20 (3), pp. 437-446.
Screening for psychological distress using internet administration of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome (2006)
McCue, P., Buchanan, T. and Martin, C.R. 2006. Screening for psychological distress using internet administration of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome. British Journal of Clinical Psychology. 45 (4), pp. 483-198.

2005

Personality, gender and self-perceived intelligence (2005)
Furnham, A. and Buchanan, T. 2005. Personality, gender and self-perceived intelligence. Personality and Individual Differences. 39 (3), pp. 543-555.
Implementing a five-factor personality inventory for use on the internet (2005)
Buchanan, T., Johnson, J.A. and Goldberg, L.R. 2005. Implementing a five-factor personality inventory for use on the internet. European Journal of Psychological Assessment. 21 (2), pp. 115-127.
Nonequivalence of on-line and paper-and-pencil psychological tests: the case of the prospective memory questionnaire (2005)
Buchanan, T., Ali, T., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J., Parrott, A.C., Rodgers, J. and Scholey, A.B. 2005. Nonequivalence of on-line and paper-and-pencil psychological tests: the case of the prospective memory questionnaire. Behavior Research Methods. 37 (1), pp. 148-154.
Self-rated everyday and prospective memory abilities of cigarette smokers and non-smokers: a web-based study (2005)
Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J., Parrott, A.C., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B. and Rodgers, J. 2005. Self-rated everyday and prospective memory abilities of cigarette smokers and non-smokers: a web-based study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 78 (3), pp. 235-241.

2004

Increased intensity of Ecstasy and polydrug usage in the more experienced recreational Ecstasy/MDMA users: A WWW study (2004)
Scholey, A.B., Parrott, A.C., Buchanan, T., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J. and Rodgers, J. 2004. Increased intensity of Ecstasy and polydrug usage in the more experienced recreational Ecstasy/MDMA users: A WWW study. Addictive Behaviors. 29 (4), pp. 743-752.
The reality of psychomotor problems, and the possibility of Parkinson's disorder, in some recreational ecstasy/MDMA users: a rejoinder to Sumnall et al. (2003) (2004)
Parrott, A.C., Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B., Heffernan, T.M. and Ling, J. 2004. The reality of psychomotor problems, and the possibility of Parkinson's disorder, in some recreational ecstasy/MDMA users: a rejoinder to Sumnall et al.
. Psychopharmacology. 171 (2), pp. 231-233.

2003

Patterns of drug use and the influence of gender on self-reports of memory ability in ecstasy users: a web-based study (2003)
Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J. and Parrott, A.C. 2003. Patterns of drug use and the influence of gender on self-reports of memory ability in ecstasy users: a web-based study. Journal of Psychopharmacology. 17, pp. 389-396.
Parkinson's disorder, psychomotor problems and dopaminergic neurotoxicity in recreational ecstasy/MDMA users (2003)
Parrott, A.C., Buchanan, T., Heffernan, T.M., Scholey, A.B., Ling, J. and Rodgers, J. 2003. Parkinson's disorder, psychomotor problems and dopaminergic neurotoxicity in recreational ecstasy/MDMA users. Psychopharmacology. 167 (4), pp. 449-450.
Effects of alcohol on subjective ratings of prospective and everyday memory deficits (2003)
Ling, J., Heffernan, T.M., Buchanan, T., Rodgers, J., Scholey, A.B. and Parrott, A.C. 2003. Effects of alcohol on subjective ratings of prospective and everyday memory deficits. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 27 (6), pp. 970-974.
An investigation into the psychometric properties of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in individuals with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (2003)
McCue, P., Martin, C.R., Buchanan, T., Rodgers, J. and Scholey, A.B. 2003. An investigation into the psychometric properties of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale in individuals with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Psychology, Health and Medicine. 8 (4), pp. 425-439.
Internet-based questionnaire assessment: appropriate use in clinical contexts (2003)
Buchanan, T. 2003. Internet-based questionnaire assessment: appropriate use in clinical contexts. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy. 32 (3), pp. 100-109.

2002

Ecstasy/MDMA attributed problems reported by novice, moderate and heavy recreational users (2002)
Parrott, A.C., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J. and Rodgers, J. 2002. Ecstasy/MDMA attributed problems reported by novice, moderate and heavy recreational users. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental. 17 (6), pp. 309-312.
Online assessment: desirable or dangerous? (2002)
Buchanan, T. 2002. Online assessment: desirable or dangerous? Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. 33 (2), pp. 148-154.
Self-monitoring: an elaboration of the concept based on Internet-mediated data (2002)
Smith, J.L. and Buchanan, T. 2002. Self-monitoring: an elaboration of the concept based on Internet-mediated data. Social Psychological Review. 4 (1), pp. 14-24.

2001

Differential effects of Ecstasy and cannabis on self-reports of memory ability: a web-based study (2001)
Rodgers, J., Buchanan, T., Scholey, A.B., Heffernan, T.M., Ling, J. and Parrott, A.C. 2001. Differential effects of Ecstasy and cannabis on self-reports of memory ability: a web-based study. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental. 16 (8), pp. 619-625.

2000

Internet research: Self-monitoring and judgments of attractiveness (2000)
Buchanan, T. 2000. Internet research: Self-monitoring and judgments of attractiveness. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers. 32 (4), pp. 521-527.
The efficacy of a World‐Wide Web mediated formative assessment (2000)
Buchanan, T. 2000. The efficacy of a World‐Wide Web mediated formative assessment. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning. 16 (3), pp. 193-200.

1999

Research on the Internet: validation of a World-Wide Web mediated personality scale (1999)
Buchanan, T. and Smith, J.L. 1999. Research on the Internet: validation of a World-Wide Web mediated personality scale. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments & Computers. 31 (4), pp. 565-571.
Using the Internet for psychological research: personality testing on the World Wide Web (1999)
Buchanan, T. and Smith, J.L. 1999. Using the Internet for psychological research: personality testing on the World Wide Web. British Journal of Psychology. 90 (1), pp. 125-144.
Does the revised multiple affect adjective checklist hostility subscale measure hostility? (1999)
Buchanan, T. 1999. Does the revised multiple affect adjective checklist hostility subscale measure hostility? Aggressive Behavior. 25 (3), pp. 179-184.

1998

Using the World Wide Web for formative assessment (1998)
Buchanan, T. 1998. Using the World Wide Web for formative assessment. Journal of Educational Technology Systems. 27 (1), pp. 71-79.

2015

Reflections in the pool of Narcissus: Some thoughts on Cyberpsychology (2015)
Buchanan, T. 2015. Reflections in the pool of Narcissus: Some thoughts on Cyberpsychology. Social Networking in Cyberspace (SNIC 2015). Wolverhampton, UK 03 Sep 2015
What do self-report measures of problems with executive function actually measure? Data from internet and laboratory studies. (2015)
Buchanan, T. 2015. What do self-report measures of problems with executive function actually measure? Data from internet and laboratory studies. 13th European Conference on Psychological Assessment. Zurich, Switzerland 23 Jul 2015
Personality and performance on digit span tests in online and offline settings. (2015)
Buchanan, T. 2015. Personality and performance on digit span tests in online and offline settings. WEBDATANET CONFERENCE 2015. Salamanca, Spain 26 May 2015
Aggressive priming online: Facebook adverts can prime aggressive cognitions (2015)
Buchanan, T. 2015. Aggressive priming online: Facebook adverts can prime aggressive cognitions. International Convention of Psychological Science. Amsterdam, The Netherlands 13 Mar 2015

2010

Ethical issues in psychological research on the Internet (2010)
Buchanan, T. and Williams, J.E. 2010. Ethical issues in psychological research on the Internet. in: Gosling, S.D. and Johnson, J.A. (ed.) Advanced methods for conducting online behavioral research Washington, D.C. American Psychological Association. pp. 255-271

2007

Personality testing on the Internet: what we know and what we do not (2007)
Buchanan, T. 2007. Personality testing on the Internet: what we know and what we do not. in: Joinson, A.N., McKenna, K., Postmes, T. and Reips, U.D. (ed.) The Oxford handbook of Internet psychology Oxford Oxford University Press. pp. 447-459

2004

Internet-based psychological testing and assessment (2004)
Barak, A. and Buchanan, T. 2004. Internet-based psychological testing and assessment. in: Kraus, R., Zack, J.S. and Stricker, G. (ed.) Online couseling: a handbook for mental health professionals San Diego, CA Elsevier. pp. 217-239

2001

Doing educational research on the Internet (2001)
Joinson, A.N. and Buchanan, T. 2001. Doing educational research on the Internet. in: Wolfe, C.R. (ed.) Learning and teaching on the World Wide Web San Diego, CA Academic Press. pp. 221-242
Online personality assessment (2001)
Buchanan, T. 2001. Online personality assessment. in: Reips, U.D. and Bosnjak, M. (ed.) Dimensions of Internet science Lengerich Pabst Science Publishers. pp. 57-74

2000

Potential of the Internet for personality research (2000)
Buchanan, T. 2000. Potential of the Internet for personality research. in: Birnbaum, M.H. (ed.) Psychological experiments on the Internet San Diego, CA Academic Press. pp. 121-140

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