Professor Izzet Kale

Head of Department

+44 20 7911 5000 ext 65157
115 New Cavendish Street London W1W 6UW

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Professor Izzet Kale is the Head of the Department of Engineering at the University of Westminster and Director of the Applied DSP and VLSI Research Group, which he founded in the late eighties, where he has undertaken numerous next generation product oriented innovative applied research and development projects/contracts for European, US and Japanese corporations, leading to a number of consumer electronic ICs/products as well as systems.

His research, teaching, industrial knowledge transfer and industry facing activities include digital and analogue signal processing, mixed-signal silicon circuit and system design (synchronous and asynchronous), sensors, and sensor networks, reduced complexity low-power multi-standard GNSS receivers along with efficient biomedical signal and image processing techniques and satellite on-board processing and processors as well as communication systems and receivers. He is currently leading research in the design and efficient implementation of sensors and sensor networks, for ground sensors and unmanned aerial vehicles based sensors and sensor networks for environment, monitoring as well as for wearable devices for health and wellbeing applications. All developed low-power DSP algorithms and devices are applicable in the communications, GNSS, sensors and biomedical industries and are inline with the next generation Internet of Things concepts. He is also working with the European Space Agency on efficient low-power and complexity reduced reconfigurable channeliser algorithms and processors to be deployed in next generation on-board satellite processing systems.

He has served and continues to serve on the IEEE UK&I Section Committee for a number of years, and is currently the Chapter Chair for the CAS and I&M Chapters. He has also served on a number of IEEE International Conference/Workshop organizing committees, as well as undertaking Associate Editor, Reviewer and Special Session Organizer duties for IEEE and RIN journals. He has co-authored and published over 350 refereed conference and journal publications, supervised 31 PhD students to successful completion and is currently supervising 7 others. He holds 7 patents and is co-author of 3 books in the areas of his research.

Teaching in a variety of subjects UG and PG including:

-Undergraduate Teaching:

a. BEng., Year II, Digital System Design and Implementation, Module Leader and Instructor for this module: (5ELEN002W), (20 Credits).

b. BEng., Year III, Algorithm and System Implementation, Module Leader and Instructor for this module: (6ELEN011W), (20 Credits).

-Postgraduate Teaching:

a. MSc., Electronics (Core module for all the 4 Electronics MScs), Module Leader and Instructor: (7ELEN013W), (40 Credits)

b. MSc., System-On-Chip Technologies (Pathway core module for the SoC MSc), Module Team and Instructor: (7ELEN015W), (40 Credits)

c. MSc., Project Co-ordinator/Module Team for Module: 7ELEN016W (60 Credits).

Professor Kale's research, teaching, industrial knowledge transfer and industry facing activities include digital and analogue signal processing, mixed-signal silicon circuit and system design (synchronous and asynchronous), sensors, and sensor networks, reduced complexity low-power multi-standard GNSS receivers along with efficient biomedical signal and image processing techniques and satellite on-board processing and processors as well as communication systems and receivers. He is currently leading research in the design and efficient implementation of sensors and sensor networks, for ground sensors and unmanned aerial vehicles based sensors and sensor networks for environment, monitoring as well as for wearable devices for health and wellbeing applications. All developed low-power DSP algorithms and devices are applicable in the communications, GNSS, sensors and biomedical industries and are inline with the next generation Internet of Things concepts. He is also working with the European Space Agency on efficient low-power and complexity reduced reconfigurable channeliser algorithms and processors to be deployed in next generation on-board satellite processing systems.

He has served and continues to serve on the IEEE UK&I Section Committee for a number of years, and is currently the Chapter Chair for the CAS and I&M Chapters. He has also served on a number of IEEE International Conference/Workshop organizing committees, as well as undertaking Associate Editor, Reviewer and Special Session Organizer duties for IEEE and RIN journals. He has co-authored and published over 350 refereed conference and journal publications, supervised 31 PhD students to successful completion and is currently supervising 7 others. He holds 7 patents and is co-author of 3 books in the areas of his research.

He has undertaken numerous applied research and development contracts sponsored by industry and research councils and has a 100% track record in successful delivery of these.

2018

Multi-Stage Complex Notch Filtering for Interference Detection and Mitigation to Improve the Acquisition Performance of GPS (2018)
Arif, S., Coskun, A. and Kale, I. 2018. Multi-Stage Complex Notch Filtering for Interference Detection and Mitigation to Improve the Acquisition Performance of GPS. 14th Conference on PhD Research in Microelectronics and Electronics (PRIME 2018). Prague, Czech Republic 02 to end of 05 Jul 2018 IEEE .

2017

All-Digital 1550 nm Optical Aqueous Glucose Solution Measurement System (2017)
Turgul, V. and Kale, I. 2017. All-Digital 1550 nm Optical Aqueous Glucose Solution Measurement System. 24th IEEE International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems (ICECS). Batumi 05 to end of 08 Dec 2017 IEEE .
Robustness of Power Analysis Attack Resilient Adiabatic Logic: WCS-QuAL under PVT Variations (2017)
Raghav, H., Bartlett, V. and Kale, I. 2017. Robustness of Power Analysis Attack Resilient Adiabatic Logic: WCS-QuAL under PVT Variations. 27th International Symposium on Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization and Simulation. Thessaloniki, Greece 25 to end of 27 Sep 2017 IEEE .
A Novel Power Analysis Attack Resilient Adiabatic Logic without Charge Sharing (2017)
Raghav, H., Bartlett, V. and Kale, I. 2017. A Novel Power Analysis Attack Resilient Adiabatic Logic without Charge Sharing. 23rd European Conference on Circuit Theory and Design (ECCTD). Catania, Italy 04 to end of 06 Sep 2017 IEEE .
Adiabatic Flip-Flops and Sequential Circuit Design using Novel Resettable Adiabatic Buffers (2017)
Maheshwari, S., Bartlett, V. and Kale, I. 2017. Adiabatic Flip-Flops and Sequential Circuit Design using Novel Resettable Adiabatic Buffers. 23rd European Conference on Circuit Theory and Design. Catania, Italy 04 to end of 06 Sep 2017 IEEE .
Multiplier Free Implementation of 8-tap Daubechies Wavelet Filters for Biomedical Applications (2017)
Eminaga, Y., Coskun, A. and Kale, I. 2017. Multiplier Free Implementation of 8-tap Daubechies Wavelet Filters for Biomedical Applications. IEEE New Generation of Circuits and Systems Conference. Genova, Italy 07 to end of 09 Sep 2017 IEEE .
A Wireless Sensor Network for Early Forest Fire Detection and Monitoring as a Decision Factor in the Context of a Complex Integrated Emergency Response System (2017)
Abdullah, S., Masar, S., Bertalan, S., Coskun, A. and Kale, I. 2017. A Wireless Sensor Network for Early Forest Fire Detection and Monitoring as a Decision Factor in the Context of a Complex Integrated Emergency Response System. IEEE Workshop on Environmental, Energy, and Structural Monitoring Systems. Milan, Italy 24 to end of 25 Jul 2017 IEEE .
A Novel Two-Channel Continuous-Time Time-Interleaved 3rd-order Sigma-Delta Modulator with Integrator-Sharing Topology (2017)
Talebzadeh, J. and Kale, I. 2017. A Novel Two-Channel Continuous-Time Time-Interleaved 3rd-order Sigma-Delta Modulator with Integrator-Sharing Topology. Oxford Circuits and Systems Conference (OXCAS), 2017. Oxford, UK 19 to end of 19 Sep 2017 Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET).
A 28mW 320MHz 3rd–Order Continuous-Time Time-Interleaved Delta-Sigma Modulator with 10MHz Bandwidth and 12 Bits of Resolution (2017)
Talebzadeh, J. and Kale, I. 2017. A 28mW 320MHz 3rd–Order Continuous-Time Time-Interleaved Delta-Sigma Modulator with 10MHz Bandwidth and 12 Bits of Resolution. 7th International Conference on Circuits, System and Simulation (ICCSS 2017). University of Greenwich, London, UK 14 to end of 17 Jul 2017 IEEE .
A General Formula for Impulse-Invariant Transformation for Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators (2017)
Talebzadeh, J. and Kale, I. 2017. A General Formula for Impulse-Invariant Transformation for Continuous-Time Delta-Sigma Modulators . 13th Conference on Ph.D. Research in Microelectronics and Electronics (PRIME) 2017. Giardini Naxos and Taormina, Italy 12 to end of 15 Jun 2017 IEEE .
Design and Simulation of a 3rd-order Discrete-Time Time-Interleaved Delta-Sigma Modulator with Shared Integrators between Two Paths (2017)
Talebzadeh, J. and Kale, I. 2017. Design and Simulation of a 3rd-order Discrete-Time Time-Interleaved Delta-Sigma Modulator with Shared Integrators between Two Paths. 25th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering (ICEE2017). Tehran, IRAN 02 to end of 04 May 2017 IEEE .
Design of a Delayless Feedback Path Free 2nd-order Two-Path Time-Interleaved Discrete-Time Delta-Sigma Modulator- a New Approach (2017)
Talebzadeh, J. and Kale, I. 2017. Design of a Delayless Feedback Path Free 2nd-order Two-Path Time-Interleaved Discrete-Time Delta-Sigma Modulator- a New Approach . First IEEE PhD Research in Microelectronics and Electronics Conference PRIME_LA. Bariloche, Argentina 20 to end of 23 Feb 2017 IEEE .

2016

Energy efficiency of 2- Step power-clocks for adiabatic logic (2016)
Raghav, H., Bartlett, V. and Kale, I. 2016. Energy efficiency of 2- Step power-clocks for adiabatic logic. 26th International Workshop on Power And Timing Modeling, Optimization and Simulation (PATMOS). Bremen, Germany 21 to end of 23 Sep 2016 IEEE .
Investigation of Stepwise Charging Circuits for Power-Clock Generation in Adiabatic Logic (2016)
Raghav, H., Bartlett, V. and Kale, I. 2016. Investigation of Stepwise Charging Circuits for Power-Clock Generation in Adiabatic Logic. 12th International Conference on Ph.D. Research in Microelectronics and Electronics (PRIME). Portugal, Lisbon 27 to end of 30 Jun 2017 IEEE .
4-phase resettable quasi-adiabatic flip-flops and sequential circuit design (2016)
Maheshwari, S., Bartlett, V. and Kale, I. 2016. 4-phase resettable quasi-adiabatic flip-flops and sequential circuit design. 12th International Conference on PhD Research in Microelectronics and Electronics. Portugal, Lisbon 27 to end of 30 Jun 2016 IEEE .
Efficient Digital Signal Processing Techniques and Architectures for On-Board Processors (2016)
Coskun, A., Kale, I., Morling, R.C.S., Hughes, R., Brown, S. and Angeletti, P. 2016. Efficient Digital Signal Processing Techniques and Architectures for On-Board Processors. 3rd ESA Workshop on Advanced Flexible Telecom Payloads. Noordwijk, The Netherlands 21 to end of 24 Mar 2016 European Space Agency.
A Novel Pressure Sensing Circuit for Non-invasive RF/Microwave Blood Glucose Sensors (2016)
Turgul, V. and Kale, I. 2016. A Novel Pressure Sensing Circuit for Non-invasive RF/Microwave Blood Glucose Sensors. IEEE 16th Mediterranean Microwave Symposium (MMS2016). Abu Dhabi 14 to end of 16 Nov 2016 IEEE .
The Use of Almost Linear Phase IIR filters In DFT Modulated Filter Banks for Communication Systems (2016)
de Cacqueray-Valmenier, M., Coskun, A. and Kale, I. 2016. The Use of Almost Linear Phase IIR filters In DFT Modulated Filter Banks for Communication Systems . 2016 IEEE 17th International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC). Edinburgh 03 to end of 06 Jul 2016 IEEE .

2015

Analysis of Thin Blood Images for Automated Malaria Diagnosis (2015)
Reni, S., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2015. Analysis of Thin Blood Images for Automated Malaria Diagnosis. E-Health and Bioengineering Conference (EHB). Iasi, Romania 19 to end of 21 Nov 2015 IEEE .
Low Complexity All-Pass Based Polyphase Decimation Filters for ECG Monitoring (2015)
Eminaga, Y., Coskun, A., Moschos, S.A. and Kale, I. 2015. Low Complexity All-Pass Based Polyphase Decimation Filters for ECG Monitoring. PRIME 2015, 11th Conference on PhD Research in Microelectronics and Electronics . Glasgow, Scotland 30 Jun 2015 IEEE .
Analysis of Thin Blood Images for Automated Malaria Diagnosis (2015)
Reni, S., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2015. Analysis of Thin Blood Images for Automated Malaria Diagnosis. The 5th IEEE International Conference on E-Health and Bioengineering - EHB 2015. Iaşi, Romania, November 19-21, 2015 19 Nov 2015
IF-MANET: Interoperable Framework for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. (2015)
Hassan, H., Trwoga, P. and Kale, I. 2015. IF-MANET: Interoperable Framework for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. 22st International Conference on Computer Networks (CN 2015). Silesian University of Technology, Poland 17 Jun 2015 Springer.

2014

The Design of Low Complexity Low Power Pipelined Short Length Winograd Fourier Transforms (2014)
Coskun, A., Kale, I., Morling, R.C.S., Hughes, R., Brown, S. and Angeletti, P. 2014. The Design of Low Complexity Low Power Pipelined Short Length Winograd Fourier Transforms. IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS). Melbourne VIC, Australia 01 to end of 05 Jun 2014 IEEE .
Nonlinear Phase Filtering Effects on GNSS Receiver Positioning Accuracy (2014)
Cetinsel, S., Morling, R.C.S. and Kale, I. 2014. Nonlinear Phase Filtering Effects on GNSS Receiver Positioning Accuracy. 7th ESA Workshop on Satellite Navigation Technologies and European Workshop on GNSS Signals and Signal Processing (NAVITEC). Noordwijk, Netherlands 03 Dec 2014
Real Time Blood Image Processing Application for Malaria Diagnosis Using Mobile Phones (2014)
Dallet, C., Reni, S. and Kale, I. 2014. Real Time Blood Image Processing Application for Malaria Diagnosis Using Mobile Phones. IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systemss, ISCAS 2014. Melbourne, Victoria, Australia 01 Jun 2014 IEEE .

2013

Efficient Coefficient Store in Decomposed DFT/FFT Architectures for On-Board Processors (2013)
Coskun, A., Kale, I., Morling, R.C.S., Cetinsel, S., Hughes, R., Brown, S. and Angeletti, P. 2013. Efficient Coefficient Store in Decomposed DFT/FFT Architectures for On-Board Processors. 31st AIAA International Communications Satellite Systems Conference. Florence, Italy 17 Oct 2013 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
NFC RF Analog Challenge and Enhanced High Speed Transmitter Design (2013)
Mwalula, L., Al-Janabi, M. and Kale, I. 2013. NFC RF Analog Challenge and Enhanced High Speed Transmitter Design. 19th IMEKO TC-4 Symposium Measurements of Electrical Quantities. Barcelona, Spain 18 Jul 2013
Novel Time-Interleaved Variable-Center Frequency Σ-∆ Modulators - Design, Analysis and Critical Evaluation (2013)
Kalafat Kizilkaya, I., Al-Janabi, M. and Kale, I. 2013. Novel Time-Interleaved Variable-Center Frequency Σ-∆ Modulators - Design, Analysis and Critical Evaluation. IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference. Minneapolis, USA 06 May 2013
Design and Evaluation of Time-Interleaved Variable Center-Frequency Sigma-Delta Modulators (2013)
Kalafat Kizilkaya, I., Al-Janabi, M. and Kale, I. 2013. Design and Evaluation of Time-Interleaved Variable Center-Frequency Sigma-Delta Modulators. 18th International Conference on Digital Signal Processing. Santorini, Greece 01 Jul 2013 IEEE .
Halfband IIR Filter Alternatives for On-Board Digital Channelisation (2013)
Coskun, A., Kale, I., Morling, R.C.S., Hughes, R., Brown, S. and Angeletti, P. 2013. Halfband IIR Filter Alternatives for On-Board Digital Channelisation. 31st AIAA International Communications Satellite Systems Conference. Florence, Italy 17 Oct 2013 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

2012

A Comparative Study of a Low Doppler Shift in a Carrier Tracking Loop for GPS (2012)
Cetinsel, S., Morling, R.C.S. and Kale, I. 2012. A Comparative Study of a Low Doppler Shift in a Carrier Tracking Loop for GPS. 2012 IEEE Asia Pacific Conference on Circuits and Systems (APCCAS). Kaohsiung, Taiwan 02 Dec 2012 IEEE .
Automated Malaria Parasite Detection in Thin Blood Films:- A Hybrid, Illumination and Colour Constancy Insensitive Morphological Approach (2012)
Reni, S., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2012. Automated Malaria Parasite Detection in Thin Blood Films:- A Hybrid, Illumination and Colour Constancy Insensitive Morphological Approach. IEEE Asia-Pacific Conference on Circuits and Systems, Proceedings, APCCAS. Kaohsiung, Taiwan 02 Dec 2012 IEEE .
Comparative performance analysis of a streamlined iteration cancellation technique for MIMO-OFDM systems with memoryless nonlinearity (2012)
Barjamovic, D. and Kale, I. 2012. Comparative performance analysis of a streamlined iteration cancellation technique for MIMO-OFDM systems with memoryless nonlinearity. IEEE Asia Pacific Conference on Circuits and Systems. Kaohsiung, Taiwan 02-05 December 2012

2011

An FPGA based decimation filter processor design for real-time continuous-time Σ−Δ modulator performance measurement and evaluation (2011)
Cetinsel, S., Morling, R.C.S. and Kale, I. 2011. An FPGA based decimation filter processor design for real-time continuous-time Σ−Δ modulator performance measurement and evaluation. 20th European Conference on Circuit Theory and Design (ECCTD). Linkoping, Sweden 29 Aug 2011 IEEE .
Dual-tracking multi-constellation GNSS front-end for high-performance receiver applications (2011)
Adane, Y., Ucar, A. and Kale, I. 2011. Dual-tracking multi-constellation GNSS front-end for high-performance receiver applications. 24th International Technical Meeting of The Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation (ION GNSS 2011). Portland, Oregon pp. 803-807

2009

The effect of clock jitter on the performance of continuous-time delta-sigma ADC for GNSS signals (2009)
Ucar, A., Cetin, E. and Kale, I. 2009. The effect of clock jitter on the performance of continuous-time delta-sigma ADC for GNSS signals. Proceedings of the European Navigation Conference (ENC-GNSS’09). Naples, Italy 03 - 06 May 2009
Global navigation satellite systems-overview (2009)
Telli, A.T. and Kale, I. 2009. Global navigation satellite systems-overview. Highlights in Micro-technology. Neuchatel, Switzerland 03 - 04 Jul 2009
A low complexity cross-correlation interference mitigation technique for GNSS (2009)
Kazazoglu, R., Cetin, E. and Kale, I. 2009. A low complexity cross-correlation interference mitigation technique for GNSS. Proceedings of the European Navigation Conference (ENC-GNSS’09). Naples, Italy 03 - 06 May 2009
The GNSScope toolbox and novel tracking techniques (2009)
Kazazoglu, R., Cetin, E. and Kale, I. 2009. The GNSScope toolbox and novel tracking techniques. School of ECS Research Conference. University of Westminster, London 25 - 26 Jun 2009
Extending the applications and improving the efficiency of positioning through the exploitation of new GNSS signals (2009)
Cross, P., Ziebart, M., Lau, L., Ochieng, W., Feng, S., Moore, T., Hill, C., Yang, L., Hancock, C., Kale, I. and Kazazoglu, R. 2009. Extending the applications and improving the efficiency of positioning through the exploitation of new GNSS signals. Proceedings of the European Navigation Conference (ENC-GNSS’09). Naples, Italy 03 - 06 May 2009

2008

GNSScope: a toolbox for end-to-end modeling, simulation and analysis of GNSS (2008)
Kazazoglu, R., Cetin, E. and Kale, I. 2008. GNSScope: a toolbox for end-to-end modeling, simulation and analysis of GNSS. The Navigation Exhibition. The Royal Institute of Navigation, London Jun 2008
Weak signal and multipath analysis using GNSScope: a toolbox for end-to-end modelling, simulation and analysis of GNSS systems (2008)
Ucar, A., Kazazoglu, R., Cetin, E. and Kale, I. 2008. Weak signal and multipath analysis using GNSScope: a toolbox for end-to-end modelling, simulation and analysis of GNSS systems. NAV08/ILA37 The Navigation Conference & Exhibition: Navigation and Location. Church House, Westminster, London 28 - 30 Oct 2008
GNSScope: overview of a toolbox for end-to-end modelling, simulation and analysis of GNSS systems (2008)
Ucar, A., Kazazoglu, R., Cetin, E. and Kale, I. 2008. GNSScope: overview of a toolbox for end-to-end modelling, simulation and analysis of GNSS systems. New Navigator Seminar 2008. Imperial College, London 18 Jun 2008
A reconfigurable SDR receiver for multi-mode GNSS applications (2008)
Ucar, A., Cetin, E. and Kale, I. 2008. A reconfigurable SDR receiver for multi-mode GNSS applications. Proceedings of the SDR Forum Technical Conference. Washington, D.C. 26 - 30 Oct 2008
On the implications of analog to digital conversion on variable-rate bandpass sampling GNSS receivers (2008)
Ucar, A., Cetin, E. and Kale, I. 2008. On the implications of analog to digital conversion on variable-rate bandpass sampling GNSS receivers. Proceedings of the Forty-second Asilomar Conference on Signals Systems and Computers. Asilomar Hotel and Conference Grounds, Pacific Grove, CA 26 - 29 Oct 2008
Rail-to-rail CMOS op-amp input stage using level-shift multiplexing technique (2008)
Haga, Y. and Kale, I. 2008. Rail-to-rail CMOS op-amp input stage using level-shift multiplexing technique. Proceedings of the Institute of Electrical Engineers Japan, IEEJ International Analog VLSI Workshop. Hyatt Regency Hotel, Istanbul, Turkey 30 Jul - 01 Aug 2009
Establishing the finite word-length parameters for a CNN based fingerprint recognition system (2008)
Abrishambaf, R., Demirel, H. and Kale, I. 2008. Establishing the finite word-length parameters for a CNN based fingerprint recognition system. Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Electrical and Computer Systems (EECS'08). Gemikonagi, Cyprus 27 - 28 Nov 2008

2006

A multimode fully software configurable GNSS receiver: a focus on Galileo (2006)
Telli, A.T., Cetin, E. and Kale, I. 2006. A multimode fully software configurable GNSS receiver: a focus on Galileo. Transport in 7th FP. Warsaw, Poland 06-07 Jun 2006
A digitally configurable fully integrated receiver chip for GALILEO ground terminals - GaliSys (2006)
Telli, A.T., Cetin, E. and Kale, I. 2006. A digitally configurable fully integrated receiver chip for GALILEO ground terminals - GaliSys. 3rd ESA Workshop on Satellite Navigation User Equipment Technologies (NAVITEC '2006). Noordwijk, The Netherlands 11-14 Dec 2006
GaliSys: fully integrated software configurable receiver integrated circuit(s) (ICs) for GALILEO radio navigation satellite systems and it's applications in disaster management and rehabilitation (2006)
Telli, A.T., Cetin, E. and Kale, I. 2006. GaliSys: fully integrated software configurable receiver integrated circuit(s) (ICs) for GALILEO radio navigation satellite systems and it's applications in disaster management and rehabilitation. 1st International Conference on Advances in Space Technologies: Space Technologies for Disaster Management and Rehabilitation. Islamabad, Pakistan 02-03 Sep 2006

2005

Efficient FPGA implementation of an adaptive IQ-imbalance corrector for communication receivers using reduced range multipliers (2005)
Cetin, E., Demirsoy, S.S., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2005. Efficient FPGA implementation of an adaptive IQ-imbalance corrector for communication receivers using reduced range multipliers. 13th European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO). Antalya, Turkey 04-08 Sep 2005

2003

Performance analysis of PC-based development systems with onboard ADC/DACs for digital signal processing applications (2003)
Macii, D., Demirsoy, S.S., Carbone, P. and Kale, I. 2003. Performance analysis of PC-based development systems with onboard ADC/DACs for digital signal processing applications. Eighth IMEKO TC-4 Workshop on ADC Modelling and Testing. Perugia, Italy 08-10 Sep 2003

2001

Blind source separation based low-complexity carrier phase synchronization (2001)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2001. Blind source separation based low-complexity carrier phase synchronization. 1st IEEE International Symposium on Signal Processing and Information Technology. Cairo, Egypt 28-30 Dec 2001
Blind adaptive DSP techniques to combat analog front-end non-linearities in digital receivers (2001)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2001. Blind adaptive DSP techniques to combat analog front-end non-linearities in digital receivers. 2001 IEEE - EURASIP Workshop on Nonlinear Signal and Image Processing. Baltimore, USA 03-06 Jun 2001

2018

Investigating the effectiveness of Without Charge-Sharing Quasi-Adiabatic Logic for energy efficient and secure cryptographic implementations (2018)
Raghav, H., Bartlett, V. and Kale, I. 2018. Investigating the effectiveness of Without Charge-Sharing Quasi-Adiabatic Logic for energy efficient and secure cryptographic implementations. Microelectronics Journal. 76, pp. 8-21.
Permittivity Extraction of Glucose Solutions Through Artificial Neural Networks and Non-invasive Microwave Glucose Sensing (2018)
Turgul, V. and Kale, I. 2018. Permittivity Extraction of Glucose Solutions Through Artificial Neural Networks and Non-invasive Microwave Glucose Sensing. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical. 277, pp. 65-72.
Energy efficient implementation of multi-phase quasi-adiabatic Cyclic Redundancy Check in near field communication (2018)
Maheshwari, S., Bartlett, V. and Kale, I. 2018. Energy efficient implementation of multi-phase quasi-adiabatic Cyclic Redundancy Check in near field communication. Integration, the VLSI Journal. 62, pp. 341-352.
Automatic Heart Sounds Segmentation based on the Correlation Coefficients Matrix for Similar Cardiac Cycles Identification (2018)
Belmecheri, M.Z., Ahfir, M. and Kale, I. 2018. Automatic Heart Sounds Segmentation based on the Correlation Coefficients Matrix for Similar Cardiac Cycles Identification. Biomedical Signal Processing and Control. 43, pp. 300-310.
A Novel Two-Channel Continuous-Time Time-Interleaved 3rd-order Sigma- Delta Modulator with Integrator-Sharing Topology (2018)
Talebzadeh, J. and Kale, I. 2018. A Novel Two-Channel Continuous-Time Time-Interleaved 3rd-order Sigma- Delta Modulator with Integrator-Sharing Topology. Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing. 95 (3), pp. 375-385.

2017

The role of space in the security and defence policy of Turkey. A change in outlook: Security in space versus security from space (2017)
Ercan, C. and Kale, I. 2017. The role of space in the security and defence policy of Turkey. A change in outlook: Security in space versus security from space. Elsevier, Space Policy. 42, pp. 17-25.
Simulating the Effects of Skin Thickness and Fingerprints to Highlight Problems with Non-invasive RF Blood Glucose Sensing from Fingertips (2017)
Turgul, V. and Kale, I. 2017. Simulating the Effects of Skin Thickness and Fingerprints to Highlight Problems with Non-invasive RF Blood Glucose Sensing from Fingertips. IEEE Sensors Journal. 17 (22), pp. 7553-7560.
Influence of fingerprints and finger positioning on accuracy of RF blood glucose measurement from fingertips (2017)
Turgul, V. and Kale, I. 2017. Influence of fingerprints and finger positioning on accuracy of RF blood glucose measurement from fingertips. Electronics Letters. 53 (4), pp. 218-220.
Historical Space Steps of Turkey: It Is High Time to Establish the Turkish Space Agency (2017)
Ercan, C. and Kale, I. 2017. Historical Space Steps of Turkey: It Is High Time to Establish the Turkish Space Agency. Acta Astronautica. 130, pp. 67-74.
Two-Path All-pass Based Half-Band Infinite Impulse Response Decimation Filters and the Effects of Their Non-Linear Phase Response on ECG Signal Acquisition (2017)
Eminaga, Y., Coskun, A. and Kale, I. 2017. Two-Path All-pass Based Half-Band Infinite Impulse Response Decimation Filters and the Effects of Their Non-Linear Phase Response on ECG Signal Acquisition. Biomedical Signal Processing & Control. 31, pp. 529-538.

2016

Adaptive Gray World-Based Color Normalization of Thin Blood Film Images (2016)
Tek, F.B., Dempster, A.G. and Kale, I. 2016. Adaptive Gray World-Based Color Normalization of Thin Blood Film Images.
Interference Resilient Sigma Delta-Based Pulse Oximeter (2016)
Shokouhian, M., Morling, R.C.S. and Kale, I. 2016. Interference Resilient Sigma Delta-Based Pulse Oximeter. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems. 10 (3), pp. 623-631.

2015

Design and Implementation of Novel FPGA Based Time-Interleaved Variable Centre-Frequency Digital Sigma-Delta Modulators (2015)
Kalafat Kizilkaya, I., Al-Janabi, M. and Kale, I. 2015. Design and Implementation of Novel FPGA Based Time-Interleaved Variable Centre-Frequency Digital Sigma-Delta Modulators. Special Issue of ACTA IMEKO Journal. 4 (1), pp. 68-76.

2014

Robust localization and identification of African clawed frogs in digital images (2014)
Tek, F.B., Cannavo, F., Nunnari, G. and Kale, I. 2014. Robust localization and identification of African clawed frogs in digital images. Ecological Informatics. 23, pp. 3-12.
Nonlinear stability prediction of multibit delta--sigma modulators for sinusoidal inputs (2014)
Lota, J., Al-Janabi, M. and Kale, I. 2014. Nonlinear stability prediction of multibit delta--sigma modulators for sinusoidal inputs. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement. 63 (1), pp. 18-26.

2013

A chip scale atomic clock driven receiver for multi-constellation GNSS (2013)
Ucar, A., Adane, Y., Bardak, B., Paparo, C., Berry, R. and Kale, I. 2013. A chip scale atomic clock driven receiver for multi-constellation GNSS. Journal of Navigation. 66 (3), pp. 449-464.
Nonlinear model based approach for accurate stability prediction of one-bit higher-order delta-sigma (Δ-Σ) modulators (2013)
Lota, J., Al-Janabi, M. and Kale, I. 2013. Nonlinear model based approach for accurate stability prediction of one-bit higher-order delta-sigma (Δ-Σ) modulators. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement. 62 (4), pp. 686-692.

2012

All-adaptive blind matched filtering for the equalization and identification of multipath channels: a practical approach (2012)
Coskun, A. and Kale, I. 2012. All-adaptive blind matched filtering for the equalization and identification of multipath channels: a practical approach. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Fundamental Theory and Applications. 60 (1), pp. 232-242.
A continuous-time delta-sigma modulator for RF subsampling receivers (2012)
Ucar, A., Cetin, E. and Kale, I. 2012. A continuous-time delta-sigma modulator for RF subsampling receivers. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II. 59 (5), pp. 272-276.
Accurate stability prediction of one-bit higher-order delta-sigma (Δ-Σ) modulators for multiple-sinusoidal inputs (2012)
Lota, J., Al-Janabi, M. and Kale, I. 2012. Accurate stability prediction of one-bit higher-order delta-sigma (Δ-Σ) modulators for multiple-sinusoidal inputs. IET Circuits, Devices & Systems. 6 (2), pp. 71-78.

2011

Stability analysis of bandpass sigma–delta modulators for single and dual tone sinusoidal inputs (2011)
Altinok, G., Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Altinok, G. 2011. Stability analysis of bandpass sigma–delta modulators for single and dual tone sinusoidal inputs. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement. 60 (5), pp. 1546 -1554.

2010

Parasite detection and identification for automated thin blood film malaria diagnosis (2010)
Tek, F.B., Dempster, A.G. and Kale, I. 2010. Parasite detection and identification for automated thin blood film malaria diagnosis. Computer Vision and Image Understanding. 114 (1), pp. 21-32.
Blind multidimensional matched filtering techniques for single input multiple output communications (2010)
Coskun, A. and Kale, I. 2010. Blind multidimensional matched filtering techniques for single input multiple output communications. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement. 59 (5), pp. 1056-1064.
An assessment of project based learning (PBL) environment based on the perceptions of students: a short course case study on circuit design for VLSI (2010)
Iscioglu, E. and Kale, I. 2010. An assessment of project based learning (PBL) environment based on the perceptions of students: a short course case study on circuit design for VLSI. International Journal of Engineering Education. 26 (3).

2009

Computer vision for microscopy diagnosis of malaria (2009)
Tek, F.B., Dempster, A.G. and Kale, I. 2009. Computer vision for microscopy diagnosis of malaria. Malaria Journal. 8, p. 153.
CMOS buffer using complementary pair of bulk-driven super source followers (2009)
Haga, Y. and Kale, I. 2009. CMOS buffer using complementary pair of bulk-driven super source followers. Electronics Letters. 45 (18), pp. 917-918.

2008

Nonlinear-stability analysis of higher order ∆ –Σ modulators for DC and sinusoidal inputs (2008)
Lota, J., Al-Janabi, M. and Kale, I. 2008. Nonlinear-stability analysis of higher order ∆ –Σ modulators for DC and sinusoidal inputs. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement. 57 (3), pp. 530-542.

2007

A comparative study on the modified Max-Log-MAP turbodecoding by extrinsic information scaling (2007)
Taskaldiran, M., Morling, R.C.S. and Kale, I. 2007. A comparative study on the modified Max-Log-MAP turbodecoding by extrinsic information scaling. IEEE 5th Annual Wireless Telecommunication Symposium (WTS 2007).

2006

Partial equalization of non-minimum-phase impulse responses (2006)
Maamar, A., Kale, I., Krukowski, A.M. and Daoud, B. 2006. Partial equalization of non-minimum-phase impulse responses. EURASIP Journal on Applied Signal Processing. 2006 (Article ID 67467), p. 8 pages.
Highly linear transconductance topology using floating transistors (2006)
Zare-Hoseini, H., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2006. Highly linear transconductance topology using floating transistors. Electronics Letters. 42 (1), pp. 2-4.

2005

Modeling of switched-capacitor delta-sigma Modulators in SIMULINK (2005)
Zare-Hoseini, H., Kale, I. and Shoaei, O. 2005. Modeling of switched-capacitor delta-sigma Modulators in SIMULINK. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement. 54 (4), pp. 1646-1654.

2004

Rigorous analysis of delta-sigma modulators for fractional-N PLL frequency synthesis (2004)
Kozak, M. and Kale, I. 2004. Rigorous analysis of delta-sigma modulators for fractional-N PLL frequency synthesis. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Fundamental Theory and Applications. 51 (6), pp. 1148-1162.

2002

Quantization effects in the polyphase N-path IIR structure (2002)
Krukowski, A.M., Morling, R.C.S. and Kale, I. 2002. Quantization effects in the polyphase N-path IIR structure. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement. 51 (6), pp. 1271-1278.

2001

Methods for the transfer function design of multiple narrow-band bandpass sigma-delta modulators (2001)
Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2001. Methods for the transfer function design of multiple narrow-band bandpass sigma-delta modulators. Computer Standards & Interfaces. 23 (2), pp. 85-102.

1999

Narrow-band variable center frequency single-loop and multistage sigma-delta modulators for bandpass signals (1999)
Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 1999. Narrow-band variable center frequency single-loop and multistage sigma-delta modulators for bandpass signals. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement. 48 (5), pp. 873-877.

1998

An extensible complex fast Fourier transform processor chip for real-time spectrum analysis and measurement (1998)
Cetin, E., Morling, R.C.S. and Kale, I. 1998. An extensible complex fast Fourier transform processor chip for real-time spectrum analysis and measurement. IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement. 47 (1), pp. 95-99.

1997

Variable centre frequency resonator based bandpass Σ-Δ modulator (1997)
Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 1997. Variable centre frequency resonator based bandpass Σ-Δ modulator. Electronics Letters. 33 (24), pp. 2008-2009.

2015

Time Interleaved Delta Sigma Modulator (2015)
Talebzadeh, J. and Kale, I. 2015. Time Interleaved Delta Sigma Modulator.

2006

Satellite radio navigation receivers (2006)
Cetin, E., Kale, I., Morling, R.C.S. and Dempster, A.G. 2006. Satellite radio navigation receivers.

2005

Communications system (2005)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2005. Communications system.

2013

Novel time-interleaved variable centre-frequency, single-bit A/D and D/A Sigma-Delta modulator topologies (2013)
Kalafat Kızılkaya, I., Al-Janabi, M. and Kale, I. 2013. Novel time-interleaved variable centre-frequency, single-bit A/D and D/A Sigma-Delta modulator topologies. in: 19th IMEKO TC-4, 2013, July 18-19: Symposium Measurements of Electrical Quantities: Barcelona, Spain Barcelona Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC). pp. 599-604

2012

Automated P.falciparum detection system for post-treatment malaria diagnosis using modified annular ring ratio method (2012)
Kareem, S., Kale, I., Morling, R.C.S. and Reni, S. 2012. Automated P.falciparum detection system for post-treatment malaria diagnosis using modified annular ring ratio method. in: Al-Dabass, D., Orsoni, A. and Cant, R. (ed.) Proceedings of the 2012 UKSim 14th International Conference on Computer Modelling and Simulation (UKSim), Cambridge, 28-30 March 2012 IEEE . pp. 432-436

2011

Cost effective estimation and equalization of frequency selective channels for transmit diversity (2011)
Coskun, A. and Kale, I. 2011. Cost effective estimation and equalization of frequency selective channels for transmit diversity. in: IEEE 7th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC), 4-8 July 2011 IEEE . pp. 1429-1432
A novel method to count the red blood cells in thin blood films (2011)
Kareem, S., Morling, R.C.S., Kale, I. and Reni, S. 2011. A novel method to count the red blood cells in thin blood films. in: Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), Rio de Janeiro, 15-18 May 2011 IEEE . pp. 1021-1024
Improved ultrasound digital beamforming using single-bit sigma-delta modulators with band-pass decimation filters (2011)
Altinok, G., Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Altinok, G. 2011. Improved ultrasound digital beamforming using single-bit sigma-delta modulators with band-pass decimation filters. in: Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 15-18 May 2011 IEEE . pp. 2091-2094
Improved sigma-delta ultrasound beamformers with adaptive low-pass decimation filters (2011)
Altinok, G., Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Altinok, G. 2011. Improved sigma-delta ultrasound beamformers with adaptive low-pass decimation filters. in: Proceedings of the 2011 IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC), Hangzhou, China, 10-12 May 2011 IEEE . pp. 329-333

2010

Stability predictions for higher-order band-pass sigma-delta modulators for dual sinusoidal inputs (2010)
Altinok, G., Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Altinok, G. 2010. Stability predictions for higher-order band-pass sigma-delta modulators for dual sinusoidal inputs. in: Proceedings of the IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Texas, USA, May 3-6 2010 (I3MTC 2010) IEEE . pp. 541-545
A describing function based method for predicting the stability of higher-order high-pass sigma-delta modulators (2010)
Altinok, G., Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Altinok, G. 2010. A describing function based method for predicting the stability of higher-order high-pass sigma-delta modulators. in: 2010 Conference on Research in Microelectronics and Electronics (PRIME), 18-21 July 2010 IEEE . pp. 1-4
Blind matched filtering for multiple input multiple output transceivers (2010)
Coskun, A. and Kale, I. 2010. Blind matched filtering for multiple input multiple output transceivers. in: Proceedings of the IEEE Intrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Texas, USA, May 3-6 2010 (I2MTC 2010) IEEE . pp. 633-636

2009

Parallel decoding of turbo codes using multi-point trellis termination and collision-free interleavers (2009)
Taskaldiran, M., Morling, R.C.S. and Kale, I. 2009. Parallel decoding of turbo codes using multi-point trellis termination and collision-free interleavers. in: Wireless Telecommunications Symposium 2009. WTS 2009 IEEE . pp. 1-5
Blind correlation-based DFE receiver for the equalization of single input multi output communication channels (2009)
Coskun, A. and Kale, I. 2009. Blind correlation-based DFE receiver for the equalization of single input multi output communication channels. in: Wireless Telecommunications Symposium 2009. WTS 2009 IEEE . pp. 1-5
The practical limits of MASH Delta-Sigma Modulators designed to maintain very long controllable sequence lengths for structured tone mitigation (2009)
Telli, A.T. and Kale, I. 2009. The practical limits of MASH Delta-Sigma Modulators designed to maintain very long controllable sequence lengths for structured tone mitigation. in: Proceedings of the 10th IEEE Annual Wireless and Microwave Technology Conference (WAMICON '09) IEEE . pp. 1-5
Structured tone mitigation in 3rd and 4th order MASH Delta-Sigma Modulators-comparative study (2009)
Telli, A.T. and Kale, I. 2009. Structured tone mitigation in 3rd and 4th order MASH Delta-Sigma Modulators-comparative study. in: Proceedings of the 10th IEEE Annual Wireless and Microwave Technology Conference (WAMICON '09) IEEE . pp. 1-5
The modified Max-Log-MAP turbo decoding algorithm by extrinsic information scaling for wireless applications (2009)
Taskaldiran, M., Morling, R.C.S. and Kale, I. 2009. The modified Max-Log-MAP turbo decoding algorithm by extrinsic information scaling for wireless applications. in: Powell, S. and Shim, J.P. (ed.) Wireless technology: applications, management, and security Springer.
Increasing the speed of parallel decoding of turbo codes (2009)
Taskaldiran, M., Morling, R.C.S. and Kale, I. 2009. Increasing the speed of parallel decoding of turbo codes. in: PRIME: 2009 PhD Research in Microelectronics and Electronics. Proceedings. Cork, Ireland, 12-17 July 2009 IEEE . pp. 304-307
Weak signal and multipath analysis using GNSScope: a toolbox for end-to-end modeling, simulation and analysis of GNSS (2009)
Kazazoglu, R., Ucar, A., Cetin, E. and Kale, I. 2009. Weak signal and multipath analysis using GNSScope: a toolbox for end-to-end modeling, simulation and analysis of GNSS. in: Royal Institute of Navigation Annual Conference and Exhibition 2008 and 37th ILA Annual Convention and Technical Symposium (NAV 08/ILA 37): proceedings of a meeting held 28-30 October 2008, London, United Kingdom Curran Associates.
GNSScope and the split chip compression technique (2009)
Kazazoglu, R., Cetin, E. and Kale, I. 2009. GNSScope and the split chip compression technique. in: Proceedings of the European Conference on Circuit Theory and Design, 23-27 August 2009, Antalya, Turkey (ECCTD 2009) IEEE . pp. 379-382
Class-AB rail-to-rail CMOS buffer with bulk-driven super source followers (2009)
Haga, Y. and Kale, I. 2009. Class-AB rail-to-rail CMOS buffer with bulk-driven super source followers. in: Proceedings of the European Conference on Circuit Theory and Design, 23-27 August 2009, Antalya, Turkey (ECCTD 2009) IEEE . pp. 379-382
Bulk-driven flipped voltage follower (2009)
Haga, Y. and Kale, I. 2009. Bulk-driven flipped voltage follower. in: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, 2009 (ISCAS 2009) IEEE . pp. 2717-2720
A blind implementation of multi-dimensional matched filtering in a Maximum-Likelihood receiver for SIMO channels (2009)
Coskun, A. and Kale, I. 2009. A blind implementation of multi-dimensional matched filtering in a Maximum-Likelihood receiver for SIMO channels. in: Proceedings of the IEEE Intrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC '09) IEEE . pp. 633-637
Multi-dimensional matched filter identification technique for channel equalization deployed in spatial diversity receivers (2009)
Coskun, A. and Kale, I. 2009. Multi-dimensional matched filter identification technique for channel equalization deployed in spatial diversity receivers. in: PRIME: 2009 PhD Research in Microelectronics and Electronics. Proceedings. Cork, Ireland, 12-17 July 2009 IEEE . pp. 36-39
Design of a power-aware digital image rejection receiver (2009)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2009. Design of a power-aware digital image rejection receiver. in: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, 2009 (ISCAS 2009) IEEE . pp. 209-212
A GUI driven Σ-Δ modulator design, evaluation and measurement tool with a view to practical implementation (2009)
Altinok, G., Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Altinok, G. 2009. A GUI driven Σ-Δ modulator design, evaluation and measurement tool with a view to practical implementation. in: IEEE Intrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Singapore, May 2009. I2MTC '09 IEEE . pp. 1022-1025
RF front-end design for full constellation SDR based GNSS receivers (2009)
Adane, Y. and Kale, I. 2009. RF front-end design for full constellation SDR based GNSS receivers. in: International GNSS conference, IGNSS 2009 Conference & Exhibition, Book of abstracts for Oral and Poster Presentations, Dec 1 - 3 2009, Holiday Inn Hotel, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia International Global Navigation Satellite Systems. pp. 38

2008

A system for calculating the greatest common denominator implemented using asynchrobatic logic (2008)
Willingham, D.J. and Kale, I. 2008. A system for calculating the greatest common denominator implemented using asynchrobatic logic. in: Ellervee, P., Jervan, G. and Nielsen, I.R. (ed.) 26th Norchip Conference, Tallinn, Estonia, 17 - 18 November 2008. Formal proceedings IEEE . pp. 194-197
An asynchrobatic, radix-four, carry look-ahead adder (2008)
Willingham, D.J. and Kale, I. 2008. An asynchrobatic, radix-four, carry look-ahead adder. in: PRIME: 2008 PhD Research in Microelectronics and Electronics. Proceedings. Istanbul, Turkey, June 22–25, 2008 IEEE . pp. 105-108
Using positive feedback adiabatic logic to implement reversible Toffoli gates (2008)
Willingham, D.J. and Kale, I. 2008. Using positive feedback adiabatic logic to implement reversible Toffoli gates. in: Ellervee, P., Jervan, G. and Nielsen, I.R. (ed.) 26th Norchip Conference, Tallinn, Estonia, 17 - 18 November 2008. Formal proceedings IEEE . pp. 5-8
A low complexity DSP driven analog impairment mitigation scheme for low-IF GNSS receivers (2008)
Ucar, A., Cetin, E. and Kale, I. 2008. A low complexity DSP driven analog impairment mitigation scheme for low-IF GNSS receivers. in: Proceedings of the IEEE/ION Position, Location and Navigation Symposium 2008: May 6 - 8, 2008, Hyatt Regency Hotel, Monterey, California Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 865-870
System and circuit level design and analysis of a 16-bit sigma-delta ADC for a TETRA-2 network mobile station application (2008)
Lota, J., Al-Janabi, M. and Kale, I. 2008. System and circuit level design and analysis of a 16-bit sigma-delta ADC for a TETRA-2 network mobile station application. in: 2008 IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference Proceedings. IMTC 2008 IEEE . pp. 663-667
Achieving rail-to-rail input operation using level-shift multiplexing technique for all CMOS op-amps (2008)
Haga, Y. and Kale, I. 2008. Achieving rail-to-rail input operation using level-shift multiplexing technique for all CMOS op-amps. in: Proceedings of the 51st Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, 2008 (MWSCAS 2008) IEEE . pp. 698-701
Design and low-power implementation of an adaptive image rejection receiver (2008)
Cetin, E., Topcu, S., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2008. Design and low-power implementation of an adaptive image rejection receiver. in: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, (ISCAS 2008): May 18-21, 2008, Seattle, Washington, USA Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 3146-3149
A fully CNN based fingerprint recognition system (2008)
Abrishambaf, R., Demirel, H. and Kale, I. 2008. A fully CNN based fingerprint recognition system. in: IEEE 11th Cellular Neural Networks and Their Applications (CNNA 2008) IEEE . pp. 146-149

2007

Tonality index of sigma-delta modulators: a psychoacoustics model based approach (2007)
Lota, J., Al-Janabi, M. and Kale, I. 2007. Tonality index of sigma-delta modulators: a psychoacoustics model based approach. in: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems 2007, (ISCAS 2007) Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 729-732
Stability analysis of higher-order delta-sigma modulators for sinusoidal inputs (2007)
Lota, J., Al-Janabi, M. and Kale, I. 2007. Stability analysis of higher-order delta-sigma modulators for sinusoidal inputs. in: Proceedings of the IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, Warsaw, Poland, May 1-3, 2007 Los Alamitos, USA IEEE .
Living and dealing with RF impairments in communication transceivers (2007)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2007. Living and dealing with RF impairments in communication transceivers. in: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems 2007, (ISCAS 2007) Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 21-24
Analysis and compensation of RF impairments for next generation multimode GNSS receivers (2007)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2007. Analysis and compensation of RF impairments for next generation multimode GNSS receivers. in: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems 2007, (ISCAS 2007) Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 1729-1732

2006

A modeling platform for efficient characterization of phase-locked loop /spl Delta/-/spl Sigma/ frequency synthesizers (2006)
Bourdi, T., Borjak, A. and Kale, I. 2006. A modeling platform for efficient characterization of phase-locked loop /spl Delta/-/spl Sigma/ frequency synthesizers. in: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, 2006: ISCAS 2006 Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 3221-3224
A low-complexity self-calibrating adaptive quadrature receiver (2006)
Cetin, E., Demirsoy, S.S., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2006. A low-complexity self-calibrating adaptive quadrature receiver. in: Stoica, A., Arslan, T., Suess, M., Yalçın, S., Keymeulen, D., Higuchi, T., Zebulum, R. and Aydin, N. (ed.) Proceedings of the First NASA/ESA Conference on Adaptive Hardware and Systems, 15-18 June 2006, Istanbul, Turkey (AHS 2006) Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 428-435
Efficient low-power design and implementation of IQ-imbalance compensator using early termination (2006)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2006. Efficient low-power design and implementation of IQ-imbalance compensator using early termination. in: Proceedings of the 2006 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, May 21-24, 2006, Island of Kos, Greece, (ISCAS 2006) Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 4995-4998
A new bulk-driven input stage design for sub 1-volt CMOS op-amps (2006)
Haga, Y., Morling, R.C.S. and Kale, I. 2006. A new bulk-driven input stage design for sub 1-volt CMOS op-amps. in: 2006 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems. ISCAS 2006. Proceedings. Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 1547-1550
A computationally efficient DAB bit-stream processor (2006)
Kazazoglu, R., Demirsoy, S.S., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2006. A computationally efficient DAB bit-stream processor. in: 2006 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems. ISCAS 2006. Proceedings. Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 5543-5546
Analysis of the polyphase IIR structure in the constraint coefficient space (2006)
Krukowski, A.M. and Kale, I. 2006. Analysis of the polyphase IIR structure in the constraint coefficient space. in: Logothetis, M.D. and Ghassemlooy, Z. (ed.) Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Communication Systems, Networks and Digital Signal Processing (CSNDSP): 19-21 July 2006, Patras Univ. Conference Centre, Patras, Greece Newcastle upon Tyne, UK CSNDSP. pp. 727-730
Complex frequency transformations for DSP applications (2006)
Krukowski, A.M., Kale, I. and Cain, G.D. 2006. Complex frequency transformations for DSP applications. in: Logothetis, M.D. and Ghassemlooy, Z. (ed.) Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Communication Systems, Networks and Digital Signal Processing (CSNDSP): 19-21 July 2006, Patras Univ. Conference Centre, Patras, Greece Newcastle upon Tyne, UK CSNDSP. pp. 722-726
Stability analysis of higher-order delta-sigma modulators using the describing function method (2006)
Lota, J., Al-Janabi, M. and Kale, I. 2006. Stability analysis of higher-order delta-sigma modulators using the describing function method. in: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, 2006: ISCAS 2006 Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 593-596
Room equalization based on iterative simple complex smoothing of acoustic impulse responses (2006)
Maamar, A., Kale, I. and Daoud, B. 2006. Room equalization based on iterative simple complex smoothing of acoustic impulse responses. in: 2006 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing. ICASSP 2006 Proceedings. Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. V109-V112
A new structure for capacitor-mismatch-insensitive multiply-by-two amplification (2006)
Zare-Hoseini, H., Shoaei, O. and Kale, I. 2006. A new structure for capacitor-mismatch-insensitive multiply-by-two amplification. in: 2006 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems. ISCAS 2006. Proceedings. Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 4879-4882
Continuous time delta sigma modulators with reduced clock jitter sensitivity (2006)
Zare-Hoseini, H. and Kale, I. 2006. Continuous time delta sigma modulators with reduced clock jitter sensitivity. in: 2006 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems. ISCAS 2006. Proceedings. Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 5371-5374
A colour normalization method for giemsa-stained blood cell images (2006)
Tek, F.B., Dempster, A.G. and Kale, I. 2006. A colour normalization method for giemsa-stained blood cell images. in: 2006 IEEE 14th Signal Processing and Communications Applications, Antalya Turkey, 17-19 April 2006 IEEE . pp. 1-4
Malaria parasite detection in peripheral blood images (2006)
Tek, F.B., Dempster, A.G. and Kale, I. 2006. Malaria parasite detection in peripheral blood images. in: Medical Image Understanding and Analysis (MIUA 2006): 4th-5th July 2006, University of Manchester BMVA.
Malaria parasite detection in peripheral blood images (2006)
Tek, F.B., Dempster, A.G. and Kale, I. 2006. Malaria parasite detection in peripheral blood images. in: Chantler, M.J., Trucco, E. and Fisher, R.B. (ed.) British Machine Vision Conference 2006 (BMVC 2006) Edinburgh, UK BMVA.
A high-speed, low-power interleaved trace-back memory for Viterbi decoder (2006)
Israsena, P. and Kale, I. 2006. A high-speed, low-power interleaved trace-back memory for Viterbi decoder. in: 2006 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems. ISCAS 2006. Proceedings. Los Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 2801-2804
A Viterbi decoder with low-power trace-back memory structure for wireless pervasive communications (2006)
Israsena, P. and Kale, I. 2006. A Viterbi decoder with low-power trace-back memory structure for wireless pervasive communications. in: 1st International Symposium on Wireless Pervasive Computing, 2006 Los Alamitos, USA IEEE .

2005

A study on the effects of accumulated and independent clock jitter on discrete-time delta-sigma modulators (2005)
Lota, J., Al-Janabi, M. and Kale, I. 2005. A study on the effects of accumulated and independent clock jitter on discrete-time delta-sigma modulators. in: IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference 2005 IEEE . pp. 786-790
Synthesis of reconfigurable multiplier blocks: part II: algorithm (2005)
Demirsoy, S.S., Kale, I. and Dempster, A.G. 2005. Synthesis of reconfigurable multiplier blocks: part II: algorithm. in: IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems 2005 Piscataway, N.J., USA IEEE .
Synthesis of reconfigurable multiplier blocks: part I: fundamentals (2005)
Demirsoy, S.S., Kale, I. and Dempster, A.G. 2005. Synthesis of reconfigurable multiplier blocks: part I: fundamentals. in: IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems 2005 Piscataway, N.J., USA IEEE .
Efficient implementation of digital filters using novel reconfiguaration multiplier blocks (REMB) (2005)
Demirsoy, S.S., Dempster, A.G. and Kale, I. 2005. Efficient implementation of digital filters using novel reconfiguaration multiplier blocks (REMB). in: Conference record of the Thirty-Eighth Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, 2004: November 7-10, 2004, Pacific Grove, California Piscataway, N.J., USA IEEE .
Joint compensation of IQ-imbalance and carrier phase sychronization errors in communication receivers (2005)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2005. Joint compensation of IQ-imbalance and carrier phase sychronization errors in communication receivers. in: IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS): May 23-26, 2005, International Conference Center, Kobe, Japan: conference proceedings Piscataway, N.J., USA IEEE . pp. 4481-4484

2004

On various low-hardware-complexity LMS algorithms for adaptive I/Q correction in quadrature receivers (2004)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2004. On various low-hardware-complexity LMS algorithms for adaptive I/Q correction in quadrature receivers. in: Proceedings of the 2004 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, May 23 - 26, 2004, Sheraton Vancouver Wall Centre Hotel, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada USA IEEE . pp. 461-464
Adaptive self-calibrating image rejection receiver (2004)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2004. Adaptive self-calibrating image rejection receiver. in: 2004 IEEE International Conference on Communications: 20-24 June 2004, Paris conference proceedings Piscataway, N.J., USA IEEE .

2003

Reconfigurable implementation of recursive DCT kernels for reduced quantization noise (2003)
Dempster, A.G., Beck, R., Demirsoy, S.S. and Kale, I. 2003. Reconfigurable implementation of recursive DCT kernels for reduced quantization noise. in: Proceedings of the 2003 International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS '03) USA IEEE .
Design guidelines for reconfigurable multiplier blocks (2003)
Demirsoy, S.S., Dempster, A.G. and Kale, I. 2003. Design guidelines for reconfigurable multiplier blocks. in: 2003 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems Las Alamitos, USA IEEE .
Performance of an adaptive homodyne receiver in the presence of multipath, Rayleigh-fading and time-varying quadrature errors (2003)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2003. Performance of an adaptive homodyne receiver in the presence of multipath, Rayleigh-fading and time-varying quadrature errors. in: Proceedings of the 2003 International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, 2003, (ISCAS '03), Sunday, May 25 - Wednesday, May 28, 2003, Imperial Queen's Park Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand USA IEEE .

2002

Designing multiplier blocks with low logic depth (2002)
Dempster, A.G., Demirsoy, S.S. and Kale, I. 2002. Designing multiplier blocks with low logic depth. in: IEEE ISCAS International Symposium on Circuits and Systems USA IEEE .
Power consumption behaviour of multiplier block algorithms (2002)
Demirsoy, S.S., Dempster, A.G. and Kale, I. 2002. Power consumption behaviour of multiplier block algorithms. in: Proceedings of the 2002 45th Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems Las Alamitos, USA IEEE .
Power analysis of multiplier blocks (2002)
Demirsoy, S.S., Dempster, A.G. and Kale, I. 2002. Power analysis of multiplier blocks. in: IEEE ISCAS International Symposium on Circuits & Systems USA IEEE .
On the structure, convergence and performance of an adaptive I/Q mismatch corrector (2002)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2002. On the structure, convergence and performance of an adaptive I/Q mismatch corrector. in: 2002 IEEE 56th Vehicular Technology Conference Proceedings: 24-28 September 2002, Vancouver, Canada, (VTC2002) USA IEEE .
On the structure and performance of a novel blind source separation based carrier phase synchronization error compensator (2002)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2002. On the structure and performance of a novel blind source separation based carrier phase synchronization error compensator. in: Proceedings of the 45th Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, August 4-7, 2002, Tulsa, Oklahoma Las Alamitos, USA IEEE .
On the performance of a blind source separation based I/Q-corrector (2002)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2002. On the performance of a blind source separation based I/Q-corrector. in: RAWCON 2002: 2002 IEEE Radio and Wireless Conference, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, August 11-14, 2002 Las Alamitos, USA IEEE . pp. 99-102
Correction of transmitter gain and phase errors at the receiver (2002)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2002. Correction of transmitter gain and phase errors at the receiver. in: Proceedings of the 2002 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, May 26 - 29, 2002, Fairmont Scottsdale Princess, Phoenix-Scottsdale, Arizona, USA Las Alamitos, USA IEEE .

2001

Virtual classroom (2001)
Krukowski, A.M. and Kale, I. 2001. Virtual classroom. in: Okamoto, T., Hartley, R. and Klus, J.P. (ed.) proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Advanced Learning Technologies, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Aug 06-08, 2001 IEEE . pp. 279-282
Adaptive digital receivers for analog front-end mismatch correction (2001)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2001. Adaptive digital receivers for analog front-end mismatch correction. in: 2001 IEEE 54th Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC 2001 - Fall), 7-11 Oct 2001, Atlantic City, New Jersey, USA USA IEEE .
Adaptive compensation of analog front-end I/Q mismatches in digital receivers (2001)
Cetin, E., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 2001. Adaptive compensation of analog front-end I/Q mismatches in digital receivers. in: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS 2001), 6-9 May 2001, Sydney Convention and Exhibition Centre, Darling Harbour, Sydney, Australia USA IEEE .

1999

Application of fractional delay filters to tune the centre frequency location of single-band sigma-delta modulators (1999)
Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 1999. Application of fractional delay filters to tune the centre frequency location of single-band sigma-delta modulators. in: Proceedings of the 42nd Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, vol 1, Las Cruces, New Mexico IEEE . pp. 181-184
Concurrent noise-shaping for multiple narrow-band single-loop and multi-stage sigma-delta modulators (1999)
Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 1999. Concurrent noise-shaping for multiple narrow-band single-loop and multi-stage sigma-delta modulators. in: IWADC '99: 4th International Workshop on ADC Modelling and Testing, September 9 - 10, 1999, Laboratoire IXL-ENSERB, Bordeaux, France ; [proceedings] Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Electricité et de Radioélectricité de Bordeaux. pp. 27-32
Increasing the variability of centre frequency locations in multiple-band sigma-delta modulators via the use of fractional delay filters (1999)
Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 1999. Increasing the variability of centre frequency locations in multiple-band sigma-delta modulators via the use of fractional delay filters. in: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Advanced A/D and D/A Conversion Techniques and their Applications, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK, July 1999 IEEE . pp. 30-33
A comparative study of complex multiple-band noise-shaping sigma-delta modulators for multi-tone input signals (1999)
Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 1999. A comparative study of complex multiple-band noise-shaping sigma-delta modulators for multi-tone input signals. in: Proceedings of the 42nd Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, vol 1, Las Cruces, New Mexico IEEE . pp. 452-455

1998

An analysis of non-ideal variable centre frequency narrow-band bandpass sigma-delta modulators (1998)
Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 1998. An analysis of non-ideal variable centre frequency narrow-band bandpass sigma-delta modulators. in: Proceedings of the 1st IEEE International Symposium on Communication Systems and Digital Signal Processing, vol. 1, 6-8 April 1998, Sheffield, UK IEEE . pp. 289-292
Tunable centre frequency resonator based bandpass Σ-Δ modulators (1998)
Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 1998. Tunable centre frequency resonator based bandpass Σ-Δ modulators. in: Proceedings of the Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, vol 2, St. Paul, Minnesota. USA, May 1998 IEEE . pp. 1248-1252
Stability evaluation of tunable resonator-based bandpass sigma-delta modulators via root locus analysis (1998)
Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 1998. Stability evaluation of tunable resonator-based bandpass sigma-delta modulators via root locus analysis. in: Proceedings of the 1st IEEE International Symposium on Communication Systems and Digital Signal Processing, vol. 1, 6-8 April 1998, Sheffield, UK IEEE . pp. 441-444

1997

An integrated 256-point complex FFT processor for real-time spectrum analysis and measurement (1997)
Cetin, E., Morling, R.C.S. and Kale, I. 1997. An integrated 256-point complex FFT processor for real-time spectrum analysis and measurement. in: Proceedings of the Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, 1997 (IMTC '97), Ottowa, Canada, 19-21 May 1997 Los Alamitos, USA IEEE .
Effective-fourth-order resonator based MASH bandpass sigma-delta modulators (1997)
Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 1997. Effective-fourth-order resonator based MASH bandpass sigma-delta modulators. in: Proceedings of the 1997 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, vol.3, Munich, Germany, April 1997 IEEE . pp. 2493-2496

1996

Measurement and characterisation of MASH bandpass sigma-delta modulators for direct IF analog-to-digital conversion (1996)
Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 1996. Measurement and characterisation of MASH bandpass sigma-delta modulators for direct IF analog-to-digital conversion. in: Proceedings of the IMEKO International Workshop on ADC Modelling and Virtual Instrumentation, Smolenice Castle, Slovakia. 7-9 May 1996 IMEKO. pp. 147-152

1995

MASH structures for bandpass sigma-delta modulators (1995)
Al-Janabi, M., Kale, I. and Morling, R.C.S. 1995. MASH structures for bandpass sigma-delta modulators. in: Proceedings of the IEE Colloquium on Oversampling and Sigma-Delta Strategies for Digital Signal Processing, London, 23 November 1995 IEEE . pp. 3/1-3/6

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