I'm part of

Human Resources and Management | Department
ProBE | Research

Connect with me

I am Professor of European Industrial Relations in the Westminster Business School (WBS) and responsible for a distinct programme of research in the Centre for the Study of the Production of the Built Environment (ProBE), a joint research centre spanning WBS and the Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE). I have a rather chequered biography, being originally educated as an art/architectural historian at the Courtauld Institute, University of London and then, inspired by Reyner Banham, going on to the Bartlett Faculty of Architecture and Planning, University College London (UCL) to complete a Master’s degree in Architectural Studies (1972) followed by a PhD (University of London 1984) in the area of social and economic history - published as Building Capitalism by Routledge (1992, reprinted 2012). I was for many years employed as a researcher in the Building Economics Research Unit (BERU) at UCL and then joined WBS, University of Westminster, in 1992, first as a researcher in the Education, Training and the Labour Market Research Group and then as a Reader. In WBS I supervise Masters dissertations and PhD students and till recently lead the International HRM module of the Masters in HRM.

My overriding interests concern labour, vocational education and training (VET), labour history, and industrial relations and over the years I have undertaking research – largely of a comparative nature - on skills, VET, qualifications, wage relations, social protection, oral labour history, diversity, gender, migration and labour organisation in a range of European countries, east and west, sponsored by, amongst others: ESRC and EPSRC; European Commission (EC); the French Ministère de l’equipement; Greater London Authority; the Joseph Rowntree Trust; Leverhulme Foundation; Norwegian Work Research Institute; Nuffield Foundation; the States of Jersey; and different government Ministries. Much of this research has concerned the construction sector, about which I have particular expertise, and been undertaken in collaboration with social partners. Currently, I am preoccupied in ProBE with research on: a) building labour history, particularly focussed on the 1970s; b) VET and low energy construction; c) labour and climate transition; d) implementation of the European Qualifications Framework in the European construction sector; and e) blacklisting in the construction sector. 

In addition to research I organise various seminars, events and conferences, including the regular monthly seminars of the London branch of the British Universities' Industrial Relations Association (BUIRA) and occasional seminars of the BUIRA Industrial Relations History Study Group, of which I am co-organiser. I am on the Board of the European Centre for Construction Labour Research (CLR – www.clr-news.org), a 500+ network with a regular Newsletter (CLR News), and involved in CLR GB, including with its regular newsletter. I am also: on the editorial boards of the Work, Employment and Society and Construction History journals; part of the International Expert Reference Group of the Work in a Warming World (W3) (www.workinawarmingworld.yorku.ca/, now ACW) project based at York University, Toronto, Canada ; member of the ESRC Review Panel; research proposal referee (e.g. ESRC, EPSRC); journal referee (e.g. Construction Management and Economics); conference abstract referee; and expert to the European Social Dialogue Committee (the European Construction Industry Federation - FIEC and the European Federation of Building and Woodworkers - EFBWW) for construction working group on Vocational Training.

Whilst at the Bartlett Faculty of Architecture and Planning, UCL, I contributed to the MSc in Building Economics and Management (aspects of labour in construction, labour economics and building history) and helped to devise, set up and teach the MSc in the Production of the Built Environment, as well as running the annual Bartlett International Summer School. Now, in WBS at the University of Westminster, I have till recently been responsible for the International HRM module and involved in the International Employment Relations module of the HRM Masters course , as well as supervising postgraduate and doctoral students. I am also invited to present lectures and seminars on a variety of courses at universities in Britain and abroad and act as PhD internal examiner and external examiner. As well as these teaching responsibilities, I am a member of the WBS Faculty Research Committee. I also appraise a number of departmental staff, guide and advise staff on research and publications, and am responsible for the implementation of international agreements on research and teaching collaboration and exchange – including with York University, Toronto.

My current and recent research projects include:

  • 'Adapting Canadian Work and Workplaces to Respond to Climate Change: Canada in International Perspective', Canadian Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council Partnership Grant for $2,547,130.00 (plus a further $2.2 million in matching funding and contributions from partnering organizations), seven-year international research project, led by Professor Carla Lipsig-Mummé, professor of work and labour studies in York University’s Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies, Toronto, awarded August 2014, with Professor Linda Clarke (WBS) and Dr Colin Gleeson (fABE) as co-applicants and including 38 individual members and 19 partners in four countries.
  • 'Raising the bar’ for the representation of women in the construction workforce, Thames Tideway Tunnel (TTT) project, from September 2014 to February 2015, with University of Loughborough as subcontractor.
  • Blacklisting Claims, in response to: ‘Instructions to Experts’ (Professor Linda Clarke and Dr Ian Fitzgerald), issued by Thompsons Solicitors LLP for and on behalf of the Claimants Solicitors Steering Group, from November 2014.
  • Transparency for Upholstering and Cabinet Making Qualifications and Quality in the European Furniture Industry, European Commission Leonardo project, October 2012-September 2014, internal evaluator role.
  • European Commission Leonardo project with Dr Michaela Brockmann on apprenticeships in the retail sector in four European Countries, began October 2011 for 2 years.
  • Constructing post-war Britain: building workers' stories 1950-70, a Leverhulme project, jointly with Christine Wall, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, began August 2010, part of Britain at Work 1945-1995, an umbrella group promoting projects related to the oral histories of workers, for which a cooperation agreement has been signed by a range of institutions.
  • Study on the protection of workers' rights in subcontracting processes in the European Union, with Ian Fitzgerald, Northumbria University, European Commission project coordinated by Consortium Ghent University - University of Amsterdam, 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2011.
  • Main scientific partner responsible for the scientific coordination of a 2-year, 8 country project for the European Commission entitled Bricklaying Qualifications, work and VET in Europe, completed December 2010.
  • Olympic Builders Film Project: community film project, coordinated by Marker Ltd in association with the European Institute for Construction Labour Research, Margaret Dickinson (film-maker), launched July 2012.
  • A European skills framework: cross-national equivalence of vocational qualifications- Nuffield Foundation, March 2006 to January 2009, jointly with Prof. Christopher Winch of Kings College London.
  • Disability and labour market participation in ICT, health and construction in Norway, Britain and the Netherlands- Norwegian Work Research Institute funded by Norwegian Research Council, June 2005 to January 2009.
  • Migrant Labour in Construction, a project coordinated by COMPAS, University of Oxford, for Home Office Migration Advisory Committee, with Prof. Andrew Dainty (Loughborough University) and Paul Chan (University of Northumbria).
  • Diversity in Construction, jointly with London Metropolitan University for Greater London Authority, June 2006 - December 2007, GLA report published and launched February 2007.
  • People in Construction, ESRC seminar series.

2017

What kind of expertise is needed for low energy construction (2017)
Clarke, L., Gleeson, C.P. and Winch, C. 2017. What kind of expertise is needed for low energy construction. Construction Management and Econonomics. 35 (3), pp. 78-89.

2015

Have Anglo-Saxon concepts really influenced the development of European qualifications policy? (2015)
Clarke, L. 2015. Have Anglo-Saxon concepts really influenced the development of European qualifications policy? Research in Comparative and International Education. 10 (4), pp. 593-606.

2014

Der Widerspruch zwischen nationalen Berufsbildungssystemen und dem europäischen Arbeitsmarkt: der Fall der Maurerqualifikationen (2014)
Clarke, L., Winch, C. and Brockmann, M. 2014. Der Widerspruch zwischen nationalen Berufsbildungssystemen und dem europäischen Arbeitsmarkt: der Fall der Maurerqualifikationen. WSI Mitteilungen. 1/2014, pp. 60-69.
Women and Low Energy Construction in Europe (2014)
Clarke, L. and Wall, C. 2014. Women and Low Energy Construction in Europe. Women and Environments. 94/95, pp. 26-27.
Managing diversity through flexible-work arrangements: management perspectives (2014)
Bingham, C., Michielsens, E. and Clarke, L. 2014. Managing diversity through flexible-work arrangements: management perspectives. Employee Relations. 36 (1), pp. 49-69.

2013

Trade-based skills versus occupational capacity: the example of bricklaying in Europe (2013)
Clarke, L., Winch, C. and Brockmann, M. 2013. Trade-based skills versus occupational capacity: the example of bricklaying in Europe. Work, Employment & Society. 27 (6), pp. 932-951.
Towards a social model approach?: British and Dutch disability policies in the health sector compared (2013)
Bingham, C., Michielsens, E., Clarke, L. and van der Meer, M. 2013. Towards a social model approach?: British and Dutch disability policies in the health sector compared. Personnel Review. 42 (5), pp. 613-637.
Battles on the Barbican: the struggle for trade unionism in the British building industry, 1965-7 (2013)
McGuire, C., Clarke, L. and Wall, C. 2013. Battles on the Barbican: the struggle for trade unionism in the British building industry, 1965-7. History Workshop Journal. 75 (1), pp. 33-57.

2011

Introduction in 'Climate change and construction labour' (2011)
Gleeson, C.P. and Clarke, L. 2011. Introduction in 'Climate change and construction labour'. CLR News. (4), pp. 6-7.
The forthcoming Olympics in London (2011)
Clarke, L. and Holborough, A. 2011. The forthcoming Olympics in London. CLR news. 2, pp. 44-53.
What’s the point of industrial relations? (2011)
Clarke, L., Donnelly, E., Hyman, R., Kelly, J., McKay, S. and Moore, S. 2011. What’s the point of industrial relations? The International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations. 27 (3), pp. 239-253.

2010

The Apprenticeship Framework in England: a new beginning or a continuing sham? (2010)
Brockmann, M., Clarke, L. and Winch, C. 2010. The Apprenticeship Framework in England: a new beginning or a continuing sham? Journal of Education and Work. 23 (2), pp. 111-127.

2009

Enabling and disabling: disability in the British and Dutch construction sectors (2009)
Clarke, L., van der Meer, M., Bingham, C., Michielsens, E. and Miller, S. 2009. Enabling and disabling: disability in the British and Dutch construction sectors. Construction Management and Economics. 27 (6), pp. 555-566.
Difficulties in recognising vocational skills and qualifications across Europe (2009)
Brockmann, M., Clarke, L. and Winch, C. 2009. Difficulties in recognising vocational skills and qualifications across Europe. Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice. 16 (1), pp. 97-109.
'A woman's place is where she wants to work': barriers to the entry and retention of women into the skilled building trades (2009)
Clarke, L. and Wall, C. 2009. 'A woman's place is where she wants to work': barriers to the entry and retention of women into the skilled building trades. Scottish Labour History. 44, pp. 16-39.
Competence and competency in the EQF and in European VET systems (2009)
Brockmann, M., Clarke, L. and Winch, C. 2009. Competence and competency in the EQF and in European VET systems. Journal of European Industrial Training. 33 (8/9), pp. 787-799.

2008

Forum: A historical context for theories underpinning the production of the built environment (2008)
Clarke, L. and Janssen, J. 2008. Forum: A historical context for theories underpinning the production of the built environment. Building Research and Information. 36 (6), pp. 659-662.
Trade union education: some thoughts from the past (2008)
Clarke, L., Gold, M. and Stuttard, G. 2008. Trade union education: some thoughts from the past. Post-16 Educator. 48, pp. 21-23.
Competence-based vocational education and training (VET): the cases of England and France in a European perspective (2008)
Brockmann, M., Clarke, L., Méhaut, P. and Winch, C. 2008. Competence-based vocational education and training (VET): the cases of England and France in a European perspective. Vocations and Learning. 1 (3), pp. 227-244.
Obstacles to diversity in construction: the example of Heathrow Terminal 5 (2008)
Clarke, L. and Gribling, M. 2008. Obstacles to diversity in construction: the example of Heathrow Terminal 5. Construction Management and Economics. 26 (10), pp. 1055-1065.
Knowledge, skills, competence: European divergences in vocational education and training (VET): the English, German and Dutch cases (2008)
Brockmann, M., Clarke, L. and Winch, C. 2008. Knowledge, skills, competence: European divergences in vocational education and training (VET): the English, German and Dutch cases. Oxford Review of Education. 34 (5), pp. 547-567.
Obstacles to diversity in construction: the example of Heathrow Terminal 5 (2008)
Clarke, L. and Gribling, M. 2008. Obstacles to diversity in construction: the example of Heathrow Terminal 5. Construction Management and Economics. 26 (10), pp. 1055-1065.
Obstacles to diversity in construction: example of Heathrow Terminal 5 (2008)
Clarke, L. and Gribling, M. 2008. Obstacles to diversity in construction: example of Heathrow Terminal 5. Construction Management and Economics. 26 (10), pp. 1055-1065.
Länderübergreifende gleichwertigkeit beruflicher fertigkeiten und qualifikationen (2008)
Brockmann, M., Clarke, L. and Winch, C. 2008. Länderübergreifende gleichwertigkeit beruflicher fertigkeiten und qualifikationen. Berufsbildung in Wissenschaft und Praxis, Zeitschrift des Bundesinstituts fur Berufssbildung. 5.
Can performance-related learning outcomes have standards? (2008)
Brockmann, M., Clarke, L. and Winch, C. 2008. Can performance-related learning outcomes have standards? Journal of European Industrial Training. 32 (2/3), pp. 99-113.

2007

Skill shortages, recruitment and retention in the housebuilding sector (2007)
Clarke, L. and Herrmann, G. 2007. Skill shortages, recruitment and retention in the housebuilding sector. Personnel Review. 36 (4), pp. 509-527.

2006

European skills framework? - but what are skills? Anglo-Saxon versus German concepts (2006)
Clarke, L. and Winch, C. 2006. European skills framework? - but what are skills? Anglo-Saxon versus German concepts. Journal of Education and Work. 19 (3), pp. 255-269.
Valuing labour (2006)
Clarke, L. 2006. Valuing labour. Building Research and Information. 34 (3), pp. 246-256.

2005

Gender and ethnic minority exclusion from skilled occupations in construction: a Western European comparison (2005)
Byrne, J., Clarke, L. and van der Meer, M. 2005. Gender and ethnic minority exclusion from skilled occupations in construction: a Western European comparison. Construction Management and Economics. 23 (10), pp. 1025-1034.
From craft to qualified building labour in Britain: a comparative approach (2005)
Clarke, L. 2005. From craft to qualified building labour in Britain: a comparative approach. Labor History. 46 (4), pp. 473-493.
The European construction social partners: gender equality in theory and practice (2005)
Clarke, L., Pedersen, E.F., Michielsens, E. and Susman, B. 2005. The European construction social partners: gender equality in theory and practice. European Journal of Industrial Relations. 11 (2), pp. 151-177.

2004

Cost vs. production: labour deployment and productivity in social housing construction in England, Scotland, Denmark and Germany (2004)
Clarke, L. and Herrmann, G. 2004. Cost vs. production: labour deployment and productivity in social housing construction in England, Scotland, Denmark and Germany. Construction Management and Economics. 22 (10), pp. 1057-1066.
Apprenticeship and applied theoretical knowledge (2004)
Clarke, L. and Winch, C. 2004. Apprenticeship and applied theoretical knowledge. Educational Philosophy and Theory. 36 (5), pp. 509-522.
Cost vs. production: disparities in social housing construction in Britain and Germany (2004)
Clarke, L. and Herrmann, G. 2004. Cost vs. production: disparities in social housing construction in Britain and Germany. Construction Management and Economics. 22 (5), pp. 521-532.

2003

Regulation for survival: training and skills in the construction labour market in Jersey, Channel Islands (2003)
Arkani, S., Clarke, L. and Michielsens, E. 2003. Regulation for survival: training and skills in the construction labour market in Jersey, Channel Islands. Journal of Vocational Education and Training. 55 (3), pp. 261-279.
The state of construction training and employment in the local economy of Jersey (2003)
Arkani, S., Clarke, L. and Michielsens, E. 2003. The state of construction training and employment in the local economy of Jersey. Local Economy. 18 (3), pp. 196-207.
'Front-loaded' vocational education versus lifelong learning: a critique of current UK government policy (2003)
Winch, C. and Clarke, L. 2003. 'Front-loaded' vocational education versus lifelong learning: a critique of current UK government policy. Oxford Review of Education. 29 (2), pp. 239-252.

2002

Gleichstellung von Frauen und ethnische Minderheiten in einem von Benachteilingungen gepraegten Arbeitsmarkt: Das Beispiel Grossbritannien (2002)
Beck, V. and Clarke, L. 2002. Gleichstellung von Frauen und ethnische Minderheiten in einem von Benachteilingungen gepraegten Arbeitsmarkt: Das Beispiel Grossbritannien. Zeitschrift fur Frauenforschung Geschlecterstudien. 1/2, pp. 89-97.

2000

Craft versus industry: the division of labour in European housing construction (2000)
Clarke, L. and Wall, C. 2000. Craft versus industry: the division of labour in European housing construction. Construction Management and Economics. 18 (6), pp. 689-698.

1999

Balancing acts in construction: a study of two women painters in Denmark and Britain (1999)
Clarke, L., Pedersen, E.F. and Wall, C. 1999. Balancing acts in construction: a study of two women painters in Denmark and Britain. NORA - Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research. 7 (2), pp. 138-150.

1998

UK construction skills in the context of European developments (1998)
Clarke, L. and Wall, C. 1998. UK construction skills in the context of European developments. Construction Management and Economics. 16 (5), pp. 553-567.

2015

No more softly, softly: review of women in the construction workforce (2015)
Clarke, L., Michielsens, E., Snijders, S. and Wall, C. 2015. No more softly, softly: review of women in the construction workforce. ProBE publication.

2012

The art of concrete: building the South Bank arts centre (2012)
Wall, C., Clarke, L., McGuire, C. and Munoz-Rojas, O. 2012. The art of concrete: building the South Bank arts centre. University of Westminster.
Building the M1 motorway (2012)
Wall, C., Clarke, L., McGuire, C. and Munoz-Rojas, O. 2012. Building the M1 motorway. University of Westminster.
Building the Barbican 1962-1982 (2012)
Wall, C., Clarke, L., McGuire, C. and Munoz-Rojas, O. 2012. Building the Barbican 1962-1982. University of Westminster.

2011

Building a community: construction workers in Stevenage, 1950-1970 (2011)
Wall, C., McGuire, C., Clarke, L. and Brockmann, M. 2011. Building a community: construction workers in Stevenage, 1950-1970. University of Westminster.
Building capitalism: historical change and the labour process in the production of built environment (2011)
Clarke, L. 2011. Building capitalism: historical change and the labour process in the production of built environment. London Taylor & Francis.
Knowledge, skills and competence in the European labour market: what's in a vocational qualification? (2011)
Brockmann, M., Clarke, L., Winch, C., Hanf, G., Méhaut, P. and Westerhuis, A. (ed.) 2011. Knowledge, skills and competence in the European labour market: what's in a vocational qualification? Abingdon Routledge.

2010

Bricklaying is more than Flemish bond: bricklaying qualifications in Europe (2010)
Brockmann, M., Clarke, L. and Winch, C. (ed.) 2010. Bricklaying is more than Flemish bond: bricklaying qualifications in Europe. Brussels/London CLR.

2006

Vocational education: international approaches, developments and systems (2006)
Clarke, L. and Winch, C. 2006. Vocational education: international approaches, developments and systems. London, UK Routledge.

2004

Women in construction (2004)
Clarke, L., Pedersen, E.F., Michielsens, E., Susman, B. and Wall, C. (ed.) 2004. Women in construction. Bruxelles, Belgium CLR/Reed Business Information.

2003

EU enlargement: construction labour relations as a pilot (2003)
Clarke, L., Cremers, J. and Janssen, J. 2003. EU enlargement: construction labour relations as a pilot. Brussels, Belgium Reed Business Information.

1998

Blueprint for change: construction skills training in Britain (1998)
Wall, C. and Clarke, L. Padayachee, V. (ed.) 1998. Blueprint for change: construction skills training in Britain. Policy Press.

1997

A fair day's work: women in direct labour organisations (1997)
Wall, C., Clarke, L. and Michielsens, E. 1997. A fair day's work: women in direct labour organisations. London Women and Manual Trades.

1996

Staying power: women in direct labour building teams (1996)
Wall, C. and Clarke, L. 1996. Staying power: women in direct labour building teams. London Women and Manual Trades.
Skills and the construction process: a comparative study of vocational training and quality in social housebuilding (1996)
Wall, C. and Clarke, L. 1996. Skills and the construction process: a comparative study of vocational training and quality in social housebuilding. Policy Press.

2015

'Raising the bar’ for the representation of women in the construction workforce (2015)
Wall, C., Clarke, L., Michielsens, E. and Snijders, S. 2015. 'Raising the bar’ for the representation of women in the construction workforce. London University of Westminster with University of Loughborough.

2014

Business Case for diversity in the scientific workforce (2014)
Wright, A.M., Clarke, L., Michielsens, E., Snijders, S. and Williamson, M. 2014. Business Case for diversity in the scientific workforce. Royal Society.
Are women ‘not up to’ working in construction – at all times and everywhere? (2014)
Wall, C. and Clarke, L. 2014. Are women ‘not up to’ working in construction – at all times and everywhere? London The Smith Institute.

2012

Cross-national equivalence of skills and qualifications across Europe: EQF LC impact case study (2012)
Clarke, L. 2012. Cross-national equivalence of skills and qualifications across Europe: EQF LC impact case study. ..

2008

Implementing diversity employment policies: examples from large London companies (2008)
Michielsens, E., Bingham, C., Clarke, L., Miller, S., Urwin, P.J., Siara, B. and Karuk, V. 2008. Implementing diversity employment policies: examples from large London companies. London London First and University of Westminster.

2001

Innovation and skills: a transnational study of skills, education and training for prefabrication in housing (2001)
Clarke, L. and Herrmann, G. 2001. Innovation and skills: a transnational study of skills, education and training for prefabrication in housing. London, UK University of Westminster Business School.

2013

The neglected role of labour in low energy construction: ‘thermal literacy’ and the difference between design intention and performance (2013)
Gleeson, C.P. and Clarke, L. 2013. The neglected role of labour in low energy construction: ‘thermal literacy’ and the difference between design intention and performance. Work in a Warming World: Labour, Climate Change, and Social Struggle. Toronto, Canada 29 Nov - 01 Dec 2013

2008

Zones of mutual trust? Qualifications, occupations and skills: the cases of England, France, Netherlands and German (2008)
Clarke, L., Brockmann, M. and Winch, C. 2008. Zones of mutual trust? Qualifications, occupations and skills: the cases of England, France, Netherlands and German. International Labour Process Conference. Dublin 18 – 20 March 2008
Apprenticeship in England: scope for expansion? (2008)
Clarke, L., Brockmann, M. and Winch, C. 2008. Apprenticeship in England: scope for expansion? Network on Innovative Apprenticeship Conference (INAP). Vienna 1 - 2 Feb 2008
Zones of Mutual Trust? Qualifications, occupations and skills: the cases of England, France, Netherlands and Germany (2008)
Clarke, L. 2008. Zones of Mutual Trust? Qualifications, occupations and skills: the cases of England, France, Netherlands and Germany. Industrial Relations in Europe Conference (IREC). University of Greenwich 23 – 25 June 2008
Convergence or divergence in competence-based VET systems: occupational families of trust and mistrust in England, France, the Netherlands and Germany (2008)
Clarke, L. 2008. Convergence or divergence in competence-based VET systems: occupational families of trust and mistrust in England, France, the Netherlands and Germany. 9th International Conference on Human Resource Development, Symposium on European approaches to competence. Lille 21 – 23 May 2008

2007

A social or a capabilities model? Approaches to disability in the construction and health sectors in Britain and the Netherlands compared (2007)
van der Meer, M., Clarke, L., Michielsens, E. and Miller, S. 2007. A social or a capabilities model? Approaches to disability in the construction and health sectors in Britain and the Netherlands compared. SASE 19th Annual Meeting on Socio-Economics. Copenhagen Business School, Denmark 28 - 30 Jun 2007

2006

Enabling and disabling labour market sectors; disability and employment in Britain and the Netherlands (2006)
Bingham, C., Clarke, L., Michielsens, E. and Miller, S. 2006. Enabling and disabling labour market sectors; disability and employment in Britain and the Netherlands. 24th Annual International Labour Process Conference. London, UK 10-12 Apr 2006

2005

The charter of fundamental rights: what guarantee of the social equity of reforms? (2005)
Clarke, L. 2005. The charter of fundamental rights: what guarantee of the social equity of reforms? Institut de la Protection Sociale Européenne Conference. London, UK Jul 2005
Ethnically segregated sectors: forces of exclusion and inclusion (2005)
Clarke, L. 2005. Ethnically segregated sectors: forces of exclusion and inclusion. Trade Unions Against Racism (les Syndicats Contre le Racisme) Conference. Paris, France 20-21 Oct 2005
Approaches to skills and training (2005)
Clarke, L. 2005. Approaches to skills and training. ARCOM Doctoral Workshop on Skills, Training and Development in the Construction Industry. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK 30 Nov 2005
A European skills framework? - but what are skills? Anglo-Saxon versus German concepts (2005)
Clarke, L. 2005. A European skills framework? - but what are skills? Anglo-Saxon versus German concepts. Second International Conference on Training, Employability and Employment (CTEE). Prato, Italy 22-23 Sep 2005

2003

Gender and ethnic segregation in the British labour market: marginalisation and inclusion (2003)
Beck, V., Clarke, L. and Michielsens, E. 2003. Gender and ethnic segregation in the British labour market: marginalisation and inclusion. 3rd International Gender Work and Organisation Conference. Keele, UK 25-27 Jun 2003

2002

The institutionalisation of class divisions: education and training for professionals and operatives in the construction industry. (2002)
Clarke, L. and Herrmann, G. 2002. The institutionalisation of class divisions: education and training for professionals and operatives in the construction industry. First International Conference on Training, Employability and Employment. London, UK 11-12 Jul 2002
Regulation of the labour process vs. control of the building product (2002)
Clarke, L. and Beck, V. 2002. Regulation of the labour process vs. control of the building product. 20th Annual International Labour Process Conference. Strathclyde, UK 02-04 Apr 2002
Gender and ethnic segregation in the British labour market: mechanisms of marginalisation and inclusion (2002)
Beck, V., Clarke, L. and Michielsens, E. 2002. Gender and ethnic segregation in the British labour market: mechanisms of marginalisation and inclusion. Gender Research Forum: the Gender Pay and Productivity Gap. London, UK 08 Nov 2002
Equality for women and ethnic minorities in an unequal labour market: comparing the UK and Germany. (2002)
Beck, V., Clarke, L. and Michielsens, E. 2002. Equality for women and ethnic minorities in an unequal labour market: comparing the UK and Germany. BUIRA 2002 Annual Conference. Stirling, UK 04 Jul - 06 Jul 2002
Regulation and control of the labour process and the division of skill (2002)
Arkani, S., Clarke, L. and Herrmann, G. 2002. Regulation and control of the labour process and the division of skill. 20th Annual International Labour Process Conference. Glasgow, UK 02-04 Apr 2002

2001

How insular is an island?: training, skills and the construction labour market in Jersey, Channel Islands (2001)
Michielsens, E., Clarke, L. and Arkani, S. 2001. How insular is an island?: training, skills and the construction labour market in Jersey, Channel Islands. 19th Annual International Labour Process Conference. London, UK 26-28 Mar 2001
Cost versus production: disparities in construction labour process in Europe (2001)
Clarke, L. and Herrmann, G. 2001. Cost versus production: disparities in construction labour process in Europe. 19th Annual International Labour Process Conference. London, UK 26-28 Mar 2001

1998

Desegregating construction (1998)
Wall, C., Clarke, L. and Michielsens, E. 1998. Desegregating construction. Work, Employment and Society Conference. University of Cambridge 14th -16th September 1998

2013

Implementing the EQF: English as distinct from continental bricklaying qualifications (2013)
Brockmann, M., Clarke, L. and Winch, C. 2013. Implementing the EQF: English as distinct from continental bricklaying qualifications. in: Deitmer, L., Hauschildt, U., Rauner, F. and Zelloth, H. (ed.) The architecture of innovative apprenticeship Dordrecht Springer.

2012

The development of building labour in Britain in the twentieth century: is it distinct from elsewhere in Europe? (2012)
Clarke, L., McGuire, C. and Wall, C. 2012. The development of building labour in Britain in the twentieth century: is it distinct from elsewhere in Europe? in: Dainty, A. and Loosemore, M. (ed.) Human resource management in construction: critical perspectives (2nd edition) Taylor & Francis. pp. 51-79

2011

Establishing equivalence through zones of mutual trust (2011)
Clarke, L. and Westerhuis, A. 2011. Establishing equivalence through zones of mutual trust. in: Brockmann, M., Clarke, L., Winch, C., Hanf, G., Méhaut, P. and Westerhuis, A. (ed.) Knowledge, skills and competence in the European labour market: what's in a vocational qualification? Abingdon Routledge. pp. 136-148
Trade? Job? Or occupation? The development of occupational labour markets for bricklaying and lorry driving (2011)
Clarke, L. 2011. Trade? Job? Or occupation? The development of occupational labour markets for bricklaying and lorry driving. in: Brockmann, M., Clarke, L., Winch, C., Hanf, G., Méhaut, P. and Westerhuis, A. (ed.) Knowledge, skills and competence in the European labour market: what's in a vocational qualification? Abingdon Routledge. pp. 102-119
Introduction: cross-national equivalence of skills and qualifications across Europe? (2011)
Brockmann, M., Clarke, L., Winch, C., Hanf, G., Méhaut, P. and Westerhuis, A. 2011. Introduction: cross-national equivalence of skills and qualifications across Europe? in: Brockmann, M., Clarke, L., Winch, C., Hanf, G., Méhaut, P. and Westerhuis, A. (ed.) Knowledge, skills and competence in the European labour market: what's in a vocational qualification? Abingdon Routledge. pp. 1-21
Europäische qualifikationen und unterschiedliche kompetenzkonzepte (2011)
Brockmann, M., Clarke, L. and Winch, C. 2011. Europäische qualifikationen und unterschiedliche kompetenzkonzepte. in: Fischer, M., Becker, M. and Spöttl, G. (ed.) Kompetenzdiagnostik in der beruflichen bildung: probleme und perspektiven Frankfurt am Main Peter Lang.

2010

Skilled versus qualified labour: the exclusion of women from the construction industry (2010)
Clarke, L. and Wall, C. 2010. Skilled versus qualified labour: the exclusion of women from the construction industry. in: Davis, M. (ed.) Class and gender in British labour history: Renewing the debate (or starting it?) Merlin Press.
The dynamics of migrant employment in construction: can supply of skilled labour ever match demand? (2010)
Chan, P., Clarke, L. and Dainty, A. 2010. The dynamics of migrant employment in construction: can supply of skilled labour ever match demand? in: Ruhs, M. and Anderson, B. (ed.) Who needs migrant workers? Labour shortages, immigration, and public policy Oxford Oxford University Press. pp. 225-255
The distinct nature of work-based VET in England: a reflection of employer interests? (2010)
Brockmann, M., Clarke, L. and Winch, C. 2010. The distinct nature of work-based VET in England: a reflection of employer interests? in: Smith, E. and Rauner, F. (ed.) Rediscovering apprenticeship: research findings of the International Network on Innovative Apprenticeship (INAP) Dordrecht Springer.

2007

Vocational education: conceptual differences between Britain and Germany (2007)
Clarke, L. and Winch, C. 2007. Vocational education: conceptual differences between Britain and Germany. in: Beichel, J.J. and Fees, K. (ed.) Bildung oder outcome?: Leitideen der standardisierten Schule im Diskurs Herbolzheim, Germany Centaurus Verlag.
Divergent divisions of labour (2007)
Clarke, L. 2007. Divergent divisions of labour. in: Dainty, A., Green, S. and Bagilhole, B. (ed.) People and culture in construction: a reader Taylor & Francis.

2006

Omitted from history: women in the building trades (2006)
Clarke, L. and Wall, C. 2006. Omitted from history: women in the building trades. in: Dunkeld, M., Campbell, J., Louw, H., Tutton, M., Addis, B., Powell, C. and Thorne, R. (ed.) Proceedings of the Second International Congress on Construction History Cambridge, UK Construction History Society. pp. 35-59
Women in manual trades (2006)
Clarke, L., Michielsens, E. and Wall, C. 2006. Women in manual trades. in: Gale, A.W. and Davidson, M.J. (ed.) Managing diversity and equality in construction: initiatives and practice London, UK Taylor & Francis. pp. 151-168

2005

Divergent divisions of construction labour (2005)
Clarke, L. 2005. Divergent divisions of construction labour. in: Khosrowshahi, F. (ed.) Proceedings of the 21st Annual Conference, SOAS, London, September 2005 Reading, UK ARCOM.

2004

Now you're in, now you're out: women's changing participation in the building trades in Britain (2004)
Clarke, L. and Wall, C. 2004. Now you're in, now you're out: women's changing participation in the building trades in Britain. in: Clarke, L., Pedersen, E.F., Michielsens, E., Susman, B. and Wall, C. (ed.) Women in construction Bruxelles, Belgium CLR/Reed Business Information. pp. 24-47
Introduction (2004)
Clarke, L., Pedersen, E.F., Michielsens, E., Susman, B. and Wall, C. 2004. Introduction. in: Clarke, L., Pedersen, E.F., Michielsens, E., Susman, B. and Wall, C. (ed.) Women in construction Bruxelles, Belgium CLR/Reed Business Information. pp. 8-22
The institutionalisation of skill division in Britain and Germany: examples from the construction industry (2004)
Clarke, L. and Herrmann, G. 2004. The institutionalisation of skill division in Britain and Germany: examples from the construction industry. in: Warhurst, C., Grugulis, I. and Keep, E. (ed.) The skills that matter Basingstoke, UK Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 128-147

2001

Diverse equality: the example of the construction sector (2001)
Clarke, L. and Michielsens, E. 2001. Diverse equality: the example of the construction sector. in: Noon, M. and Ogbonna, E. (ed.) Equality, diversity and disadvantage in employment Basingstoke, UK Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 118-135

Browse

Browse our directory to find staff profiles containing contact information, biography and list of publications.

Related links

Research strategy
Our University

Discover how the University of Westminster is organised and who makes the University tick.