The next 100 years will see the architectural landscape change beyond all recognition, according to new research released involving University of Westminster architects and lecturers. Super-deep basements, floating cities and easy space travel all feature in the top ten predictions about the future of architecture and engineering.

The research asked a panel of four acclaimed experts to provide a long list of architectural and engineering developments they predict we will witness within the next 100 years. The panel included award-winning Westminster architects and lecturers, Arthur Mamou-Mani and Toby Burgess, from the Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, as well as Dr Rhys Morgan, Director of Engineering and Education at the Royal Academy of Engineering, and urbanist Linda Aitken. Two thousand British adults were then asked to choose the predictions they thought most likely to happen, and which they would most like to see.

The top ten most likely architectural advancements are:

Super deep basements 41%
Floating sea cities 30%
High-rise or rooftop farms 28%
3D printed homes 22%
Buildings with their own micro climates 21%
Huge bridges that span entire cities 18%
Spaceports with easy access to the Moon / Mars 12%
Super high buildings – cities in the sky 11%
Underwater cities 10%
Collapsible / stackable living pods 9%

Topping the poll was super deep basements. The idea of multi-layered basement extensions is already beginning to materialise, particularly in high-value, densely-populated areas of London, and future homes look likely to have as many floors below ground as they do above.

Floating sea cities that may harness solar and tidal energy were voted the next most likely development (30%), followed by urban high rise farms where crops and animals are kept in tall, layered structures that combat space shortages (28%). 3D printed homes that can be bought ‘off the shelf’ (22%) and buildings with their own micro-climates that mean we can live in previously uninhabitable areas (21%) complete the top five.


Many of the predictions made by the panel were influenced by environmental conditions including global warming, likely increasing population, and advances in technology and science.

Not only is there huge scope for how we buy and live in our homes, but also for the way that we travel, with 12% of Brits believing that spaceports will offer easy access to the Moon and Mars.

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