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This presentation begins with a description of the early stages of neuropsychological rehabilitation from World War One until 1990. It includes accounts of the pioneering work of Goldstein, Poppelreuter, Luria and Zangwill, the development of the holistic rehabilitation movement by Ben-Yishay, and the influence of theoretical models from cognitive neuropsychology.

This is followed by a discussion of present day neuropsychological rehabilitation covering the past twenty years. The main characteristics and principles of neuropsychological rehabilitation are considered and recent “cutting edge” developments are highlighted. These include new treatment strategies for cognitive, emotional and psychosocial problems; new theoretical models to improve our understanding of the consequences of brain injury; and recognition of the need to find new ways to evaluate the efficacy of rehabilitation. The presentation concludes with a consideration of possible future developments in rehabilitation, including stronger links with basic neuroscience; better use of imaging procedures; collaboration with pharmaceutical companies; better evaluation of our programs; and the need to educate researchers and practitioners as to the meaning and importance of rehabilitation.