In the media
So Foot.com: An Irish tale
English 5 December 2018
Dr Breen explained: “Before the 1980s, I feel like the Northern Ireland national team were more able to separate politics from sport. However, from the beginning of the 1990s, it has significantly been more associated with the protestant population.”
Speaking about a game which took place on 17 November 1993 in Belfast, one of the most competitive games between the two teams in football history, he said: “The attack, which took place on Halloween day, has since then been named the ‘trick or treat massacre’. Some Northern-Irish supporters mentioned this massacre in their chants during the game. The atmosphere was terrible… It was a time when you could have been killed in some parts of Belfast if you held certain views.”
Concluding, Dr Breen explained how the situation appears to have eased since the Good Friday agreement but the question of national identity still remains stong between the two teams: “The Northern-Irish Catholics, including football players, generally identify themselves as Irish citizens rather than British. […] Symbolically, the Northern-Ireland team remains closely related to the UK whilst these players claim to identify as Irish citizens.”
About the University of Westminster:
The University of Westminster boasts a vibrant learning environment attracting more than 20,000 students from over 150 nations and we continue to invest in our future with new developments, research projects and new ideas.
We offer highly attractive practice-based courses that are independently rated as excellent, many with international recognition. Our distinguished 180-year history has meant we lead the way in many areas of research, particularly politics, media, art and design, architecture and biomedical sciences, and our position in the city of London allows us to continue to build on our close connections with leading figures and organisations in these areas as well as in the worlds of business, information technology, politics and law.
Our commitment to educating graduates for the needs of professional life attracts high quality students from within the UK and around the globe.
Internationalisation, employability and sustainability are key elements in the University of Westminster’s vision for the future and we strive to ensure the very highest standards are met and maintained.