International and Commercial Dispute Res Law LLM
View course-specific entry requirements
You should have a good Honours degree in Law or any non-Law subject from a UK university, or the equivalent from a non-UK university, and satisfactory references. Other qualifications or experiential routes can sometimes be agreed. If your first language is not English, you will need an IELTS score of 6.5 or equivalent in each of the elements.
This course examines substance and procedure, order and disorder, uncertainty and risk, and justice and injustice in the public and private international and commercial spheres. It includes modules on negotiation, mediation and arbitration among many others, with a primary focus on the laws, customs, rules and practices, which are relevant to potential and actual conflicts and disputes. You will be able to take academic, practical and professional approaches to the issues, processes and skills in the field, including containment, management, negotiation, resolution and other processes. You will be able to mix with students on other Masters degree courses in the Westminster Law School.
The course gives you the opportunity for in-depth study of the substantive and procedural issues involved in the field. It is centrally concerned with law and other rules of international and commercial conduct in the context of prevention and resolution of conflicts and disputes, including the relevance of democracy, regulation, governance, and international trade and investment law.
Perspectives On Conflicts and Disputes
You will be introduced to the field of conflict and dispute prevention and resolution. You will cover domestic, commercial, municipal and international aspects of the subject, and the main processes involved in conflict and dispute prevention and resolution.
This module allows you to develop a knowledge and understanding of a specialist portion of the field of conflict and dispute prevention and resolution. You will have the support of a supervisor for this independent research and writing work. You must agree the topic with the module leader. The topic must not replicate work, which you have submitted for any prior qualification. Your work for this module should provide you with advanced research skills, and advanced skills of analysis, evaluation, synthesis, application and writing, all of which should stand you in good stead for any subsequent academic, professional or other employment.
Research Theory and Practice
This module introduces you to the general concepts of legal and social scientific (empirical) methods of research, and gives you a greater understanding of the principles of advanced research. You will consider the relevance of these methods for the study of law, as well as giving you an understanding of the legal, social scientific and philosophical debates on methodology.? It will also enable you to evaluate your own work and that of other researchers.
Access to Justice
The aim of this module is to introduce you to the range of approaches to providing disputing parties with formal and informal opportunities for resolving their disputes. The main focus is on the development of access to non-adjudicative processes.
Comparative Commercial Arbitration: Law and Practice
You will be introduced to the study of comparative international commercial arbitration (excluding international arbitration between sovereign states and non-sovereign entities in the context of cross-border direct investment). You will examine the law and practice of international arbitration in the major arbitration centres of the world other than England (save for essential comparative purposes), and explore how different legal systems, and arbitrators from different legal cultures, interact in the course of resolution of disputes by arbitration.
The aim of this module is to enable you to see the ‘broader picture’ of the globalised commercial world through the theories of law transition. You will analyse different approaches to legal problems applied in other jurisdictions, and identify and evaluate the substantive differences as well as similarities of several legal traditions. You will gain an understanding of the legal concepts in a variety of legal families through an example of comparative research, and build on your knowledge of the English legal system through the solutions adopted in other jurisdictions.
Foreign Direct Investment Arbitration
This module introduces you to the study of public international arbitration between sovereign states and non-sovereign entities in the context of cross-border direct investment. You will examine the investment and disinvestment relationships between disputing parties (state and private), and the nature, function and interpretation of foreign investment instruments. You will also explore the relationship between international law and municipal investment laws, and tribunals and awards.
International Commercial Arbitration
You will be introduced to the study of international commercial arbitration, from the perspective of the English jurisdiction. The aim is to include four pairs of overlapping relationships: between parties and tribunals; between parties and courts; between tribunals and courts; and between England and foreign fora, including the New York convention.
International Commercial Litigation
This module introduces you to the study of international commercial litigation,? and examines issues arising in regard to jurisdiction and judgments. You will also cover intra-European union and traditional English aspects of cross-border commercial litigation.
International Commercial Mediation
You will examine the treatment of international commercial disputes by alternative commercial dispute resolution processes. The main focus is on commercial mediation.
Mediation: Concepts, Evolution and Practice
This module introduces you to the modes and culture of mediation as a dispute resolution process in a range of contexts, with a detailed analysis of the growth of mediation practice and theory, as well as current and possible future trends. You will become familiar with the conceptual, legal and practical frameworks for mediation, and how it is used in the UK and internationally. You will also develop basic mediation skills, learn to appreciate the roles of those taking part in the mediation processes, and acquire communication and other skills particularly useful in the mediation context.
Negotiation: Theory, Contexts and Practice
The aim of this module is to introduce the study of negotiation in the fields of politics and commerce (international, municipal and domestic), and in the field of legal conflicts and disputes. Among the areas covered are the relationships between pairs of negotiators; negotiators and the law; negotiators and the ambient cultures; and the theories and practices of negotiation.
Online Dispute Resolution
This module will examine the use of online technology in dispute resolution. It aims to cover municipal and international aspects of this field, and the main processes involved in online technology and resolving disputes online.
Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes
This module will introduce you to the various techniques and institutions available in international law for resolving disputes between states. You will examine diplomatic means of dispute settlement, including negotiation and mediation, and legal means of dispute settlement ? arbitration and adjudication. You will also consider the availability of alternative mechanisms for the resolution of inter-state disputes, and the range of international courts and tribunals that now exist. The module refers to specific past and pending cases and disputes, and there will be a special emphasis on the law, practice and procedure of the international court of Justice.
Private International Law: Substantive Commercial
The aim of this module is to introduce you to the study of the substantive aspects of commercial private international law (i.e. excluding jurisdiction, judgments and related procedural issues). You will cover a range of subjects, including traditional English, and intra-European union aspects of substantive commercial private international law.
Regulating Risk Environments
Modern industrial society is increasingly characterised as the ‘risk society’, emphasising that risks are the product of decisions rather than natural hazards and dangers. Recognising decision making as central to the emergence of risk raises key questions about the disputes and conflicts which underlie risks, and the role of law in resolving them. This module examines the nature of risks confronting society in terms of recent practical examples and theories, the role of decision-making in the creation of such risks, and the role that law plays in resolving the underlying disputes and conflicts.
Restorative Justice: Cultures, Integration and Law
This module provides an introduction to the field of restorative justice, covering international, domestic and public aspects of the field, and the main processes involved in dispute prevention and resolution.
The course is designed to benefit a wide range of individuals, including graduates progressing towards PhD programmes; practising lawyers; other practitioners such as arbitrators, civil servants, diplomats, insurers, journalists, judges, linguists and mediators; and commercial directors and managers. The course is ideal for anyone with a gap year between career stages, and for anyone from the European union and other countries wanting to improve their English for career purposes.
Length of course
One year full-time; two years part-time
Central London (Regent)
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We provide our students with work placements and international opportunities to support them in becoming highly employable, globally engaged graduates, and with one million businesses operating within 20 miles of the University of Westminster, over 84% of our students are in work or further study six months after graduation. Our graduates work in a variety of sectors and organisations, from small/medium-sized companies and start-ups to large not-for-profit organisations and corporates.
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For more details, visit the employability section on our site.
Career Development Centre
Our Career Development Centre can help and support you throughout your study and after graduation.
We can help you to:
- find part-time/vacation, placement and graduate jobs, including voluntary experience
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- identify your career options
- market yourself effectively in CVs, application forms and at interviews
- develop your enterprise skills
We also organise a range of presentations and networking events with employers, professional bodies, alumni and other organisations throughout the year to help you with career planning.
Find out more about the Career Development Centre.
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More details on work placements can be found on our Work placements page.
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Study Abroad and Summer School programmes
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If you are already studying outside the UK, the programme offers you the opportunity to study with us for one or two semesters, or for a period in the summer.
Sport and recreation
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falseI graduated from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka in 2010 and was admitted to the Nigerian Bar in February 2012. I have worked as a Barrister and Solicitor in some of Nigeria’s most reputable law firms.
I became a student of the Westminster Law School after I was awarded the Chevening scholarship to pursue postgraduate studies in International and Commercial Dispute Resolution Law. I picked the University of Westminster because I was looking for the opportunity to study the theory and practice of many types of dispute resolution methods, including the not so popular ones. The University of Westminster offered a great package because it is the only University that does not alienate so many alternative procedures in its dispute resolution course.
Studying at the University of Westminster was thrilling. I met teachers that in addition to sharing all the relevant knowledge demonstrated the importance of in-depth research and critical analysis skills. Given that Westminster Law School is situated in central London, I had the opportunity to experience first-hand all the reasons why London is such a popular city.
Now following my graduation, I will be going back to Nigeria to continue my career as a legal practitioner and, most importantly, continue my research on ways to incorporate alternative dispute resolution procedures into the Nigerian court system, to ensure that only disputes that require the coercive powers of the court or that involve new and important issues are resolved by litigation. It is my opinion that this will help in reducing the delays in the litigation of civil disputes.
My experience studying at the University of Westminster was profoundly valuable, as it enhanced my legal knowledge and helped me realize what my future career would entail. I chose Westminster due to the uniqueness of the course structure and the geographical location of the campus. My program director was extremely well read and brilliantly exposed us to the wonders of the world of ADR. I recently completed my MSc in Oil and Gas Trade Management, and upon obtaining my PhD degree, I plan on working as a negotiator for energy companies.
Living in London was one of the best experiences of my life, as it broadened my horizons due to its multicultural and diverse nature. My advice to all prospective students would be to be prepared to walk and learn a great deal from this historical yet lively city. Whether you're into history, arts, sports, culture or gastronomy, there is something for everyone to do and see in London!
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