World War 1 timeline

1914

28 June
 
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria is assassinated in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip from Serbia.
 
28 July
 
Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
 
1 August
 
Germany declares war on Russia.
 
4 August
 
Germany marches its army through Belgium to attack France. Britain goes to Belgium’s aid and declares war on Germany.
 
Early August
 
Polytechnic members are asked to enlist and The Rangers company is mobilised.
 
6 August
 
Ambulance training classes begin at the Polytechnic.
 
7 August
 
First members of the British Expeditionary Force land in France.
 
13 August
 
First squadrons of the Royal Flying Corps arrive in France.
 
September
 
Polytechnic establishes its War Fund to help men fighting in Europe.
 
2 September
 
Lt-Col Ian Hogg, son of Quintin Hogg, dies fighting in Northern France.
 

1915

19 January
 
First Zeppelin air raid on Britain kills 7 people.
 
14–15 February
 
Captain Lionel Studd, son of JEK Studd and Major Vincent Hoare, son-in-law of Quintin Hogg are killed fighting near Ypres, Belgium.
 
March British Government asks women to sign up for war work.
 
  Over 1,600 Polytechnic men are on active service.
 
22 April
 
Chemical warfare begins with the first use of gas in the trenches.
 
23 May
 
Italy declares war on Germany and Austria.
 

1916

25 January
 
British Government passes the Military Service Act – Conscription is introduced in Britain.
 
21 February
 
Battle of Verdun begins – the longest and costliest battle of the war.
 
1 July
 
Battle of the Somme begins – the British outnumber the Germans but 7 British die to every 1 German. The total number of British casualties on the first day is 60,000.
 
18 November
 
Battle of the Somme ends with a total of over 1 million casualties sustained during the battle.
 
20 December
 
Battle of Verdun ends with a total of over 700,000 casualties sustained during the battle.
 

1917

Training courses begin at the Poly for the rehabilitation of soldiers.
 
6 April
 
America declares war on Germany.
 
6 December
 
German bombers attack London killing 162 people.
 

1918

1 April
 
The RAF is formed.
 
July
 
At the Battle of the Marne the Allies start driving the Germans back.
 
9 November
 
Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates and flees Germany.
 
11 November
 
Armistice Day – peace is agreed.  The Poly holds a service of thanksgiving
 

1919

January
 
Approximately 1,000 men and women have now been trained at the Polytechnic.
 
28 June
 
Treaty of Versailles is signed.
 
July
 
Memorial service held at the Poly for fallen members of The Rangers.