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After starting a career in medical research at Guy's Hospital, I moved into Chinese medicine (CM) as I found the philosophical basis of the medicine resonated with my developing understanding of ecology and the resonance of man's body/mind/spirit with the world around. I have been in practice since 1980 adding further training in acupuncture in Nanjing, China in 1982 and 1987 and Chinese herbal medicine in 1986.
My move into education started in 1983 with the founding of the London School of Acupuncture and Traditional Chinese Medicine. Since 1995 I have been primarily involved in the development of professional training in a University setting as a way of supporting the professionalisation of our medicine. I was involved in the validation of the course as a BSc (Hons) TCM: Acupuncture and moving it into the University of Westminster in 1997. Subsequently we have validated a Diploma in Qigong Tuina and an MSc in Chinese Herbal Medicine (CHM) and an MSc Chinese Medicine: Acupuncture. My interest in education has involved me in the British Acupuncture Accreditation Board as a visiting panel member at accreditations; being a chair of reviews and validations in the University of Westminster; as external examiner in the UK and abroad; and as editor for the education section of the Thieme Almanac of Chinese Medicine. I was on the steering group that developed Standards for the Practice of Acupuncture and Standards of Education and Training for Acupuncture for the professional body, the British Acupuncture Council.
Academic & Professional Qualifications
- Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (2007)
- MSc Interprofessional Practice (2003)
- City and Guilds Further and Adult Education Teacher's Certificate, Part I (1994)
- Diploma in Chinese Herbal Medicine (1985)
- Certificate in Acupuncture, Nanjing College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China (1982)
- BAc, International College of Oriental Medicine (1980)
- BSc (Zoology), Auckland University (1973)
MSc Interprofessional Practice, University of Westminster
City and Guilds Further and Adult Education Teacher’s Certificate, Part I&2
BAc, International College of Oriental Medicine, UK
BSc (Zoology), Auckland University, New Zealand
I teach across all levels on the acupuncture course and on the Clinical Reasoning module of our MSc. I am also a clinical teacher in the University Polyclinic. At the core of this is the concept that learning is best done in a professional work place context. Under supervision, final year students take on developing levels of responsibility for patients using a reflective model to support their professional development. For my MSc dissertation I modeled this process by exploring my clinical teaching using a reflective method to illuminate my personal knowledge of teaching adult students.
Current Research Interests
I am enrolled on an Education Doctorate at the Institute of Education and will be investigating Clinical Reasoning within Chinese Medicine. Using theories from the health professions (deductive and inductive reasoning, abductive reasoning, narrative, heuristics, aethetics) my research so far has covered 'How practitioners make meaning in a consultation and treatment''. I am currently looking at 'how we assess students in their doing of practice'.
The evaluation of East Asian medicines as living traditions, traditions that are complex and evolving and able to adapt to changing contexts, practices, technologies and other medical systems.