About me

Penny is a PhD Researcher. She holds a BA in English Literature from the University of Bristol, and an MSc in Social Research Methods from the University of Surrey, where she specialised in qualitative methodologies with a focus on environmental sustainability. She is now undertaking a PhD at the University of Westminster, where she has been awarded a PhD studentship.


Penny is a teaching assistant for undergraduate Sociology classes.


Penny's research project is mixed methods. It aims to:

  • Firstly, measure the environmental impact of UK cohousing and co-living using case studies, the results of which will be compared to the environmental impact of an average single-family home 
  • Secondly, explore how change occurs within cohousing and co-living communities, looking at social practices, norms, and the tensions in between individuals and the group

Penny's research interests include community groups and intentional communities, pro-environmental behaviour change, social practices and social norms.